A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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I'm having a DDoS attack, my hosting company is stupid, and I need to know what is hapening

So ok, right now my windows 2003 dedicated server is under attack by some guy who's flooding UDP packets (~90.000 packets/sec) on my 100Mbps server for the last 8 hours. I'm on a shared port, so I'm ...
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2k views

How widely deployed is TLS with cipher ECDHE?

Microsoft deployed a patch for Windows 2012 R2 and Windows 8.1 that adds the following ciphers. Cipher suite Exchange Encryption Hash TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 DH ...
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674 views

Can a web server be secured with just a firewall?

I'm about to go online with my first web site, it is a small project hosted on a regular home PC running Windows 7. I want to keep the software footprint at minimum, so it only contains the operating ...
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885 views

What is the purpose of the entropy parameter for DPAPI.Protect?

So in Windows, when you make a call to the Data Protection API, you can specify some bytes as "entropy". To me, this sounds like salt. In PBKDF2, the salt is can, and in fact needs to be stored as ...
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2k views

Can a certificate have multiple chains and multiple self-signed roots?

The following MSFT document has this paragraph: All possible certificate chains are built using locally cached certificates. If none of the certificate chains ends in a self-signed ...
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179 views

Can a Windows 7 PC with folder sharing and remote desktop disabled, still be penetrated by a rogue computer on the same WiFi or LAN?

Assume the network is already penetrated, and the attacker already fully controls another PC. Other than setting up a proxy to intercept traffic from all other systems on the network and use that to ...
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207 views

User Account Control and outside processes

I was using TeamViewer (a remote desktop client) to log in to a remote computer running Windows 7. While logged in, the Java updater prompted me for administrator access to run an update check. Out ...
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1answer
284 views

Secure access to a Microsoft Access Database

I have a server set up with medical files in a Access database. I am taking over this job from an existing guy who has vanished, so I don't know all the details of the system. I can find out specific ...
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175 views

How can I determine the domain controller when it's not in DNS?

On a penetration test going in blind for an organization, meaning no knowledge of network topology of design, no idea what the domain(s) might be, and domain controller is not apparent in DNS...how ...
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8k views

Utilman.exe command prompt hack prevention?

This trick to hack windows and reset passwords(or create new logins)has been around for ages and still works on windows 7 and windows 8. Is there any way to disable the key combination that brings up ...
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3answers
4k views

Wine or sandboxie as sandboxes

I'm looking for a sandbox for Windows. I've looked at sandboxie but I don't know if it delivers what it promises. Is it actually safer to run programs inside sandboxie ? I know a full-blown VM could ...
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1answer
7k views

Is windows 7 vulnerable to null session?

My lecturer told me that Windows 7 is not vulnerable to null session but did not explain why. What is the preventive measure that windows 7 did to protect against from it? The recommend fixes for ...
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606 views

When do Ps Tools send cleartext passwords, and how can I demonstrate this?

The Ps Tools from Mark Russinovich are very handy remote administration utilities. However, they all come with one big caveat. Note that the password is transmitted in clear text to the remote ...
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378 views

Introduction/refresher course on Windows security [closed]

Can someone point me to a blog or recommend a book with an introduction (or refresher course) to Windows security. I am not a newbie programmer, actually have more than 10 years of experience, with a ...
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2answers
381 views

Advice for writing my first application security review

I wish to write a security review for a specific windows server/client application that runs on a closed LAN or WAN (between 1 and 200+ users across multiple sites); it's not a web-application. The ...
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2answers
1k views

Password History/Password policy

I'm referring to "remembered" password that the domain keeps so a user cannot reuse that password until it has expired in what was set at Password Policy on DC (W2003/W2008). Where is password ...
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3answers
377 views

How can I detect users that have requested AD Administrators to reuse an expired password?

There is a trend among companies I've worked at where administrators (or helpdesk folks) give a user a courtesy extension of the old expired password... rather than forcing the user to change it. ...
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2answers
3k views

Where do I securely store application-specific symmetric key?

I am writing an application App1. This application uses SQLite database and I plan to encrypt it using AES256. For symmetric encryption I need a key, which I need to store somewhere. From a similar ...
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1answer
4k views

AIA/CRL locations for Offline Root

I've read the answer to the following "Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)" and I have one questions based on the system I am trying building It's an ...
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2answers
172 views

Windows Vista user logon integrity

Is it possible to delete some or all user session logon datetime records from Windows Vista? Is there any mechanism to give me confidence that individual records aren't deleted even if there isn't a ...
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1answer
2k views

How does a client authenticate the domain controller

On an active directory based network how do hosts authenticate the Domain Controller? Is it possible for an attacker to impersonate the Domain Controller? PS: I'm having a problem getting info on how ...
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1answer
1k views

IPSec Domain Isolation with Windows Server

I'm looking for a good way to secure my servers, I have a set of dedicated servers that are not in my office but hosted by an external provider. ALL the servers have only one public (WAN) IP. I don't ...
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1answer
4k views

What's the risk of changing permissions of the Security Eventlog registry key to IT operations?

Background Many developers are unnecessarily lowering the security of the event log, or requiring applications to run in Administrator mode just so they can use the event log with this C# or VB code: ...
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1answer
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Should I only disable, but never delete an account from ActiveDirectory?

In the early days of NT4, I would never delete an account from the domain because I would lose the correlation between the SID and username in event logs and all related audit trails. Is this a ...
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1answer
7k views

Recover Server 2008 R2 Domain Admin Password

So I did the ultimate silly thing: I lost my domain admin password for my Server 2008 R2 box. Sure, I could just re-install but that's going to be a huge pain. I tried rebooting with the Windows ...
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1answer
313 views

Does DPAPI works if a user hasn't a login password?

I was wondering if the DPAPI will still work properly if a user doesn't have a a login password (like most of the home users). I can't find this information on Google or in the official documentation ...
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7k views

Preferred UAC configuration in Enterprises that use Login scripts to map drives

In Windows 7, Vista and newer OS's, UAC will prevent logon scripts from mapping hard drives so that the following logon script code won't work: Dim WshNetwork Set WshNetwork = ...
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774 views

What are the risks associated with relying on IPSec IP Filtering?

When using Windows IPSec for IP filtering whenever a filter is added you need to have a "mirror" rule (by checking the "Mirrored. Match packets..." tickbox). Because IPSec Filtering is not stateful, ...
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1answer
2k views

Windows mandatory access control: How to remove “mandatory level” label from the file?

1) How to remove "mandatory level" label from the file? I have two files, for first icalcs return Mandatory Label\Medium Mandatory Level:(NW) for second icalcs doesn't return anything (that means ...
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200 views

Which Windows Files Should be Monitored by HIDS?

I highlighted my question below. Here is some background. It's easy to find data showing the most commonly trojaned/modified Linux binaries and config files. ps, ls, find, kill, lsof, passwd, ...
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1answer
2k views

How do I make or get computer certificates to use with IPSEC user authentication on Windows?

I am having trouble and need some direction using computer certificates with Windows 7 firewall IP Security rules, using certificates only for user authentication. I can get everything to work ...
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1answer
14k views

What is updated with “Update Root Certificates” enabled? What is the equivalent in Windows 2008R2?

What root certificates are/are not updated when the following checkbox is checked? Additional questions If I manually remove a root certificate, will this service replace that very certificate? ...
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67 views

Limiting Concurrent Login For System Admins On Windows Domain

Quick background: we are a smaller sized team meaning that we perform multi-function roles. Thus a developer is typically a DBA as well and some developers do have domain admin access. As a rule our ...
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802 views

How to hack a Win95 machine?

While playing with old operating systems, I came across that there are no remote code execution exploits available for Win95 machines, running just file share (no IIS or anything else). Win95 neither ...
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2answers
638 views

Unknown Asian/Chinese registry keys

On a Windows Server 2008 machine found registry key "潓瑦慷敲卜湹潣敶祲" under HKEY_CURRENT_USER of the administrator account. It contains a value "敓癲捩剥湵楮杮" of type REG_DWORD which is set to 0. I scanned the ...
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483 views

What is the background of the Reference Counter Overflow in Microsoft TCP/IP (MS11-083)?

How unique is this bug? Is there a more sophisticated and well-studied attempt behind? Is it accidence? The article below says "continouos stream to UDP". What stream? Just an hour stream of zeros? ...
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3answers
381 views

SFTP on Windows - is it likely to be disabled?

I'm a software engineer and I'm maintaining a product that allows a user to run commands and scripts on Linux servers via an SSH connection. We now need to extend this functionality onto Windows. We ...
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4answers
2k views

What is the easiest way for a newbie to RSA to create & use a key pair on Windows?

So I need to get a block of text sent to me over email from a friend, but before he sends it he wants a public RSA key from me. Am wondering what is the simplest way for me as a newbie to generate ...
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3answers
576 views

Application to monitor software activities

I am doing black box testing on a software which is installed in my local machine. I want to analyze and see the list of files and registry entries that software create/modify/delete. Basically ...
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367 views

Security of login-data saved in browsers

Most browsers provide an option to save login-data for later use. Suppose a Windows workstation is located in a well-protected corporate LAN and only a well-defined set of application can be launched ...
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2answers
3k views

I am always Hibernating my System, is there any risk for my Encrypted drive with BitLocker?

I am Always Hibernating my Laptop, for faster booting, I encrypted sensitive drive by BitLocker, what if my Laptop stolen and attacker knew that it was in hybernate mode, can he decrypt my hard?
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650 views

Virus with PGP Encryption Preventing Virus Scan

A user reported having a virus that was causing pop up windows asking for money. When he turned on his laptop and logged into PGP encryption (whole disk) the desktop quickly showed but then a white ...
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3answers
579 views

Further potential problems with Windows 8 SmartScreen

Some research was recently published that showed that Windows 8's SmartScreen feature sends certain details about every single application that you install to Microsoft. Ignoring the obvious privacy ...
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4answers
2k views

Is Windows Firewall suitable for running in a production environment?

Is Windows Firewall suitable for running as the sole protection on a production web server? Is it hardened enough? Robust enough? and tested enough? I'm running a VPS with Rackspace on their cloud ...
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3answers
928 views

Windows Honeypot user account for tracking laptop

I've been wanting to create a dummy "Honeypot" user account on my Windows 7 laptop in case of theft. My question is: Has anyone come across useful resources and tips for doing this? Is there a way ...
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3answers
964 views

Are non-personal AD users a security risk?

After an IT audit of my company, the report said that our Active Directory contained too many non-personal user accounts. This caused a risk of misuse and unauthorized user access. I checked my ...
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1answer
2k views

Server monitoring for security

We do a lot of web hosting management and have started to get into selling server management packages. However, we want to start monitoring servers for security related threats. Our clients may use ...
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9k views

Is diskcryptor really secure?

Diskcryptor is an open-source competitor to TrueCrypt for Windows. It has an edge over Truecrypt for system encryption, because it allows for more than one independently encrypted system partition, ...
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Code-signing application from different locations

In our company, one of the software group is using a certificate from a trusted provider to sign their drivers manually on their local machine. My group wants to start to sign our installers and some ...
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1answer
13k views

Setting up Windows laptops to require a smartcard for unlocking

I am looking for details on how to secure a windows laptop using smart cards. The scenario is that we have laptops in vehicles, which remotely connect (via https) to an application server over the ...