A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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What risks are involved in exposing our home computers over the public internet?

I'm currently running a webserver from home accessible on the public internet via a static IP. Exactly what kind of risk is there in doing so? From what I understand, the setup will not allow ...
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2answers
148 views

Degree of Obfuscation

Let us assume that I have the following code: namespace MobileApp { public class Storage { public Storage() { } public bool Save() { bool ...
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3answers
1k views

why blocking incoming traffic does not block chatting or VOIP

I just recently blocked all incoming traffic(all local ports and all external ips) in my windows 7 firewall and I understand that will not stop me from accessing websites as browsing needs outbound ...
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2answers
139 views

DPAPI and malware

I'm considering using the Windows DPAPI to protect an ECDH key I use to encrypt some data in a local database in a Windows desktop application. I'm new to DPAPI, but its my understanding that DPAPI ...
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2answers
308 views

A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant?

We have to design and construct a system that signs files with sensible data, like evidences/proofs. The sign process is simple, basically calculate MD5 of the file content and encrypt the MD5 result ...
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2answers
429 views

How can I assess the strength of user passwords in my office environment?

I want to assure the compliance of password policy in my office. Environment Intro My environment is all windows based (server 2003/2008) user base is not more than 400 employees. Nearly 90% of all ...
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6answers
541 views

Is a self signed certificate sufficient to prove the integrity of my executable?

I have an EXE file on Windows that I have to distribute around. It's based on tclkit so an adversary could unpack it, change some tcl script inside and repack the exe. I would like to know if this ...
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3answers
510 views

Do you give local administrator account password to notebook users?

My notebook users need to travel a lot. Quite often, they need elevated privileges on that machine, like when adding a printer or change network settings. Should I give them local administrator's ...
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2answers
239 views

ltd.exe, “Vista Antivirus Security 2012”, any info?

I was taking a look at someone's computer who had a virus. It called itself "Visa Antivirus Security 2012". It turned out to be ltd.exe. It would seemingly randomly block programs, it turns out it had ...
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3answers
258 views

What ways are there to elevate from a non-priv account to system on windows?

I have a few computers at home on which i hack for fun. Until now google has been able to answer my questions. But now I need your help. What ways are there to elevate from a non-admin user to NT ...
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3answers
1k views

Need to secure (and add SSL?) RPC port 443 on Win2003 server

So I received an email from my system administrator who wants me to secure a server I own that seems to have a vulnerability in port 443 (which is Windows RPC over HTTPS). Disabling it I know causes ...
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2answers
798 views

SIEM and Windows Event Logs

When considering what Windows event logs to incorporate into a SIEM solution, should I be looking at just the Security event logs, or all categories of event log? How useful are the other categories ...
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1answer
99 views

Windows Phone and Hardcoding Values

Let us say that I have a Windows Phone application. If I hardcode a private key in the Windows Phone application, can people extract it once the application is released to the public on the Windows ...
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2answers
346 views

How can I identify / discover files hidden with ADS?

ADS, or alternate data streams, were added in to Windows in 1993 (First Windows NT version) as a feature of the new NTFS file system to help support some features of the Mac OS at the time. I like to ...
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2answers
519 views

ASLR and how a program can actually call its functions

I'm studying protection techniques and I've got a doubt about how ASLR works for a program in a Windows environment. As far as I know ASLR works by randomizing part of the imagebase address when ...
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1answer
184 views

Is it possible to prevent user from dumping hashes?

I run a Windows server, is it possible to prevent user from enumerating user password hashes? Also can someone explain how the hash dumping tools works? As I didn't find it with google
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2answers
2k views

Using Window Servers 2003 after security updates are discontinued

Let's say that Microsoft has stopped supporting Windows Server 2003 now so there is no any security updates and I use that system for Domain Controller (Windows XP/7 Professional Clients) and File ...
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2answers
340 views

Possible to use a YubiKey in HSM mode to secure a Windows CA infrastructure?

I'm looking for a low-cost Hardware Security module, and discovered that YubiKey has a HSM mode. I'm not entirely clear if this HSM mode is what I'm thinking, but I'd like to use it as the offline ...
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1answer
601 views

Best practice advice - folder security (windows environment)

An executive at the company I work for has asked me to set the permissions on a specific network folder so only they can access it. I don't usually do this, but in this case I need advice on the best ...
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1answer
184 views

Potential services.exe infected file?

I was asked by a coworker to help solve a problem with a remote client site through VNC. Immediately after connecting I've started noticing some strange behaviors that I am lead more and more to ...
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1answer
1k views

Disable DES-CBC-SHA in schannel

I have several IIS servers in house This includes IIS 6 and 7.x. When I have my external PCI scans run I'm still receiving alerts for having the weak protocol DES-CBC-SHA enabled. I have the ...
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2answers
382 views

Mitigations for Windows clients that don't support OCSP Nonces

Windows 7 clients (and older) don't support NONCES, a key feature used in securing the revocation check. Without a NONCE a MITM could replay a previously signed response and alter the validation of ...
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2answers
138 views

Website file being altered

I have recently had random spam links inserted into 3 ASP.NET websites. The links are inserted into the physical file so it is not SQL injection attack. The websites have very little in common other ...
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1answer
1k views

Are Windows password hashes salted with the user name?

I'll readily admit I'm pretty clueless when it comes to cryptography, so there may already be some false assumptions in the question title itself :-) Still, I "heard" that it is more secure to store ...
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1answer
267 views

How do I use Windows 7 virtualization features to prevent transitive trust of admin credentials?

I am exploring using VMs to separate my administrative actions from standard user actions in Windows 7. The goal is to limit my risk and exposure when using "RunAs" to open an application or file ...
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2answers
332 views

Setup and record outbound traffic from a botnet in a sandbox/secure environment

How do I record the outbound 'attack' traffic from a botnet on a Windows XP machine? The captured traffic will be in the Windows XP firewall log. I need to setup some kind of an experiment where I ...
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2answers
314 views

What criteria do you use for evaluating Client-Side / Endpoint security products?

What features are important to you in client-side AV and Firewall products? Who benefits from these features? Managment, the end user, helpdesk. Are there features that are being 'sold' by the ...
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1answer
107 views

Who watches the watchmen? User empowerment over firewall behaviour on a personal computer

I've been exploring the gamut of free Windows firewall applications recently and have encountered the following problem: The better firewalls are excellent at stopping other apps from phoning home ...
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1answer
307 views

How do I configure Terminal Server (and clients) for use over untrusted Wifi networks?

Suppose a client wants to directly connect to Terminal Server exposed to the Internet, without a VPN, ... what software & settings is needed to properly protect against WiFi based attacks? ...
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1answer
80 views

auditing mod security rule sets

Is there a audit system that can help me try my strings? Such as user agents, post/get data, a simple way to test general sql injections to see how my rule sets hold? I know with fire fox I can ...
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1answer
227 views

DPAPI offline attack by cracking windows password?

I'm thinking of using DPAPI to protect configuration file information in my program. After doing some reading on it, it looks like it uses the user's Windows password as part of the encryption ...
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2answers
650 views

How to counter or fix banner grabbing vulnerability

During an audit i came across banner grabbing findings,and would like to know how to mitigate that on IIS and apache server.
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1answer
772 views

Which Domain Administrator created file X on a Windows 2008 R2-based server?

Someone created a file (web.config) in a location that basically caused IIS to not work. Is there any way I can determine who created this file? The creator/owner says "Domain Administrators". ...
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2answers
173 views

What is multi-path malware?

I would like to know, in malware analysis, what is meant by "multi-path execution". I read this when I encounter the words in malware detection literature related to Control Flow Graph (CFG).
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1answer
137 views

Security track record of SSHD on Windows machines?

How do the various SSH daemons that run on Windows compare in terms of security? Vulnerabilities found, reviews by respected reviewers, source code availability, etc. I only need access to a cmd ...
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2answers
79 views

Can viewing an email message in Outlook 2013 install malware on my computer?

I routinely get spam messages which state "Your account for [Insert game here] has been flagged. If you don't click this link/send us this info/go to this website in the next 72 hours, your account ...
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1answer
262 views

How do I verify exactly which cipher suite is in use for this Remote Desktop session?

You can configure Windows to use only certain cipher suites during things like Remote Desktop sessions. Cipher suites such as RC4 56 bit, RC4 128 bit, Triple DES 168 bit, etc. SSL/TLS is not in play ...
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2answers
475 views

Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile

I was reading about Windows Local Policy of "Shutdown: Clear virtual memory pagefile". I need some clarification on this brief policy description: What do it mean by operating system that allow ...
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2answers
211 views

Security Scanning for Desktop Applications

Our company develops Windows desktop applications. We offer off the shelf solutions - not custom development. A potential new customer wants to add a section to our standard contract that requires ...
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2answers
546 views

Hide web.xml file from public view

I have found a vulnerability in a sun java application where the web.xml file is publicly viewable as the application is not using any .htaccess nor web.config. I don't how to restrict. I tried with ...
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3answers
2k views

Securing a Windows Guest Account

I know that a person with physical access to a computer can do almost anything to it. My main concern with my Windows 7 guest account is privacy and sandboxing. I don't want a guest user to have ...
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1answer
253 views

A simple example for showing the use of Data Execution Prevention (DEP) security feature

I am finding it really hard to figure out why we need a DEP! Microsoft states this about DEP: The primary benefit of DEP is to help prevent code execution from data pages. Typically, code ...
3
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1answer
194 views

eBay account compromised/Credit Card used/Hosts files changed

To preface this, I'd just like to let you know that I'd consider myself an intermediate security guy(Definitely not a novice, not yet an expert) I do have a story to tell, and would like to know if ...
3
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1answer
948 views

Should I only disable, but never delete an account from ActiveDirectory?

In the early days of NT4, I would never delete an account from the domain because I would lose the correlation between the SID and username in event logs and all related audit trails. Is this a ...
3
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1answer
164 views

What useful security reports can be extracted from a Windows-based machine and its' related logs?

What logs and event IDs should I be paying attention to when looking at a Windows-based machine (workstation, server, Domain Controller)? Assuming I can aggregate them into a report what ...
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1answer
436 views

What are the risks posed by “pass-through authentication” and how are they mitigated?

Related: Local Admin has Domain Admin rights "Pass-through authentication" on Windows systems allows for the possibility for user accounts with the same name and password to impersonate one ...
3
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1answer
468 views

Preventing LSASS from storing clear-text passwords in Kerberos environment

It is a well known security risk that LSASS stores clear-text passwords if a user has performed a keyboard-interactive logon on a machine - be it local login to his/her workstation or using RDP to a ...
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2answers
919 views

How can I view the NTFS $MFT using correct field names?

I am trying to view an NTFS master file table. Each tool I have used so far extracts all of the entries, but puts non standard headers such as STANDARD_INFORMATION_ON instead of say ...
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1answer
107 views

What about AD2P vulnerability?

My goal is to create a simple one-way intercom using B Speech TX2 and B Speech RX2, an Audio2Bluetooth and Bluetooth2Audio converter. My question is, how secure is the audio(in my case voice) being ...
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0answers
159 views

Does heartbleed have any effect if OpenSSL was only used to generate the certificate [duplicate]

Edit: Please follow the above link to the original. I have a self-signed certificate which is use to sign other certificates that I issued. This is all done with an affected version of OpenSSL. ...