A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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What is the purpose of the entropy parameter for DPAPI.Protect?

So in Windows, when you make a call to the Data Protection API, you can specify some bytes as "entropy". To me, this sounds like salt. In PBKDF2, the salt is can, and in fact needs to be stored as ...
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Can a certificate have multiple chains and multiple self-signed roots?

The following MSFT document has this paragraph: All possible certificate chains are built using locally cached certificates. If none of the certificate chains ends in a self-signed ...
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743 views

How can I restrict users' connection attempts to my FTP server?

Is there any way possible to restrict user to make a connection to the FTP server on my Windows XP computer? I have an FTP server established in Windows XP and now I want to make access to that FTP ...
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356 views

Strategy against browser exploits on Windows?

On a friend's computer is some kind of spam bot installed. It sends messages like Hello: I received my apple iPad 32GB ordered on an online shop (www.elevalley.com ) today. So exciting ...
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107 views

Security of Windows Processes using “RunAs A Different User”

I've struggled to find much information on this topic. What I'm interested in is the following: Scenario A user is logged into a Windows (7, 8.1, etc) workstation as a standard non-administrative ...
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Can a physical attacker compromise a Windows machine with UEFI, secure boot and bitlocker?

Machines such as the MS Surface Pro 3 comes with bitlocker encryption and UEFI secure boot out of the box. However, the default boot order is network -> usb -> ssd. If an attacker gets physical ...
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372 views

How do I continue pentesting with access to local station?

I started learning hobbyist penetration testing a while ago, and as far as penetrating a computer I have physical access to, all is good. Mainly using Hiren bootCD, it is easy to gain access to an ...
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Does Windows have a built-in password store?

What passwords are stored in Microsoft Windows? How can I know what password are saved in computer?
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215 views

User Account Control and outside processes

I was using TeamViewer (a remote desktop client) to log in to a remote computer running Windows 7. While logged in, the Java updater prompted me for administrator access to run an update check. Out ...
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72 views

Path Disclosure without ability to read files

So I am a pentester, and I have discovered "feature" on a server that allows me to, essentially, blindly traverse a web server's files (without executing or reading them). The problem is that I ...
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200 views

How can I determine the domain controller when it's not in DNS?

On a penetration test going in blind for an organization, meaning no knowledge of network topology of design, no idea what the domain(s) might be, and domain controller is not apparent in DNS...how ...
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Wine or sandboxie as sandboxes

I'm looking for a sandbox for Windows. I've looked at sandboxie but I don't know if it delivers what it promises. Is it actually safer to run programs inside sandboxie ? I know a full-blown VM could ...
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Is windows 7 vulnerable to null session?

My lecturer told me that Windows 7 is not vulnerable to null session but did not explain why. What is the preventive measure that windows 7 did to protect against from it? The recommend fixes for ...
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744 views

When do Ps Tools send cleartext passwords, and how can I demonstrate this?

The Ps Tools from Mark Russinovich are very handy remote administration utilities. However, they all come with one big caveat. Note that the password is transmitted in clear text to the remote ...
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1answer
848 views

CDNs used by Windows Update

My question is about CDNs (Content Delivery Networks) and their simultaneous use for legal and questionnable stuff. One specific example is the following. I'm noticing taffic from our network to the ...
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419 views

Introduction/refresher course on Windows security [closed]

Can someone point me to a blog or recommend a book with an introduction (or refresher course) to Windows security. I am not a newbie programmer, actually have more than 10 years of experience, with a ...
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445 views

Advice for writing my first application security review

I wish to write a security review for a specific windows server/client application that runs on a closed LAN or WAN (between 1 and 200+ users across multiple sites); it's not a web-application. The ...
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Password History/Password policy

I'm referring to "remembered" password that the domain keeps so a user cannot reuse that password until it has expired in what was set at Password Policy on DC (W2003/W2008). Where is password ...
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433 views

How can I detect users that have requested AD Administrators to reuse an expired password?

There is a trend among companies I've worked at where administrators (or helpdesk folks) give a user a courtesy extension of the old expired password... rather than forcing the user to change it. ...
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275 views

Using Tor browser on a Windows machine

Suppose a person is running a Windows 7/8 operating system. If she/he uses the TOR web-browser, can Microsoft see what they are browsing? Would that not defeat the point of using TOR in the first ...
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Where do I securely store application-specific symmetric key?

I am writing an application App1. This application uses SQLite database and I plan to encrypt it using AES256. For symmetric encryption I need a key, which I need to store somewhere. From a similar ...
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1answer
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AIA/CRL locations for Offline Root

I've read the answer to the following "Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)" and I have one questions based on the system I am trying building It's an ...
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173 views

Windows Vista user logon integrity

Is it possible to delete some or all user session logon datetime records from Windows Vista? Is there any mechanism to give me confidence that individual records aren't deleted even if there isn't a ...
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1answer
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How does a client authenticate the domain controller

On an active directory based network how do hosts authenticate the Domain Controller? Is it possible for an attacker to impersonate the Domain Controller? PS: I'm having a problem getting info on how ...
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IPSec Domain Isolation with Windows Server

I'm looking for a good way to secure my servers, I have a set of dedicated servers that are not in my office but hosted by an external provider. ALL the servers have only one public (WAN) IP. I don't ...
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1answer
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What's the risk of changing permissions of the Security Eventlog registry key to IT operations?

Background Many developers are unnecessarily lowering the security of the event log, or requiring applications to run in Administrator mode just so they can use the event log with this C# or VB code: ...
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109 views

What is the purpose of Intermediate Certification Authorities store in Windows?

Suppose I have CA1 root certificate and two intermediate CA2 and CA3 certificates issued by CA1. Would it pose any security issue if all of the intermediate certificates were installed in the root ...
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Recover Server 2008 R2 Domain Admin Password

So I did the ultimate silly thing: I lost my domain admin password for my Server 2008 R2 box. Sure, I could just re-install but that's going to be a huge pain. I tried rebooting with the Windows ...
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1answer
368 views

Does DPAPI works if a user hasn't a login password?

I was wondering if the DPAPI will still work properly if a user doesn't have a a login password (like most of the home users). I can't find this information on Google or in the official documentation ...
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Preferred UAC configuration in Enterprises that use Login scripts to map drives

In Windows 7, Vista and newer OS's, UAC will prevent logon scripts from mapping hard drives so that the following logon script code won't work: Dim WshNetwork Set WshNetwork = ...
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852 views

What are the risks associated with relying on IPSec IP Filtering?

When using Windows IPSec for IP filtering whenever a filter is added you need to have a "mirror" rule (by checking the "Mirrored. Match packets..." tickbox). Because IPSec Filtering is not stateful, ...
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1answer
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Windows mandatory access control: How to remove “mandatory level” label from the file?

1) How to remove "mandatory level" label from the file? I have two files, for first icalcs return Mandatory Label\Medium Mandatory Level:(NW) for second icalcs doesn't return anything (that means ...
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106 views

Resetting the Windows RNG

According to this research, Windows seems to produce the same sequence of random numbers indefinitely when a process is kicked off before a VM snapshot is taken. This is a huge issue obviously when ...
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244 views

Which Windows Files Should be Monitored by HIDS?

I highlighted my question below. Here is some background. It's easy to find data showing the most commonly trojaned/modified Linux binaries and config files. ps, ls, find, kill, lsof, passwd, ...
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How can I view the NTFS $MFT using correct field names?

I am trying to view an NTFS master file table. Each tool I have used so far extracts all of the entries, but puts non standard headers such as STANDARD_INFORMATION_ON instead of say ...
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How do I make or get computer certificates to use with IPSEC user authentication on Windows?

I am having trouble and need some direction using computer certificates with Windows 7 firewall IP Security rules, using certificates only for user authentication. I can get everything to work ...
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1answer
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What is updated with “Update Root Certificates” enabled? What is the equivalent in Windows 2008R2?

What root certificates are/are not updated when the following checkbox is checked? Additional questions If I manually remove a root certificate, will this service replace that very certificate? ...
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Is it possible to protect my Windows XP users now that Microsoft is no longer releasing security updates?

My office has about 20 PCs running Windows XP. I got a message saying that Microsoft is no longer releasing any security patches for Windows XP. However, we find that XP is very convenient for our ...
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703 views

Unknown Asian/Chinese registry keys

On a Windows Server 2008 machine found registry key "潓瑦慷敲卜湹潣敶祲" under HKEY_CURRENT_USER of the administrator account. It contains a value "敓癲捩剥湵楮杮" of type REG_DWORD which is set to 0. I scanned the ...
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568 views

What is the background of the Reference Counter Overflow in Microsoft TCP/IP (MS11-083)?

How unique is this bug? Is there a more sophisticated and well-studied attempt behind? Is it accidence? The article below says "continouos stream to UDP". What stream? Just an hour stream of zeros? ...
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905 views

SFTP on Windows - is it likely to be disabled?

I'm a software engineer and I'm maintaining a product that allows a user to run commands and scripts on Linux servers via an SSH connection. We now need to extend this functionality onto Windows. We ...
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680 views

Application to monitor software activities

I am doing black box testing on a software which is installed in my local machine. I want to analyze and see the list of files and registry entries that software create/modify/delete. Basically ...
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What are the methods to find hooked functions and APIs?

Many malware executables use hooking to be invisible. I am familiar with some hooking methods, I'm not sure what methods exist for detecting them. Is there a way to tell when a function call has been ...
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415 views

Security of login-data saved in browsers

Most browsers provide an option to save login-data for later use. Suppose a Windows workstation is located in a well-protected corporate LAN and only a well-defined set of application can be launched ...
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707 views

Virus with PGP Encryption Preventing Virus Scan

A user reported having a virus that was causing pop up windows asking for money. When he turned on his laptop and logged into PGP encryption (whole disk) the desktop quickly showed but then a white ...
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3answers
595 views

Further potential problems with Windows 8 SmartScreen

Some research was recently published that showed that Windows 8's SmartScreen feature sends certain details about every single application that you install to Microsoft. Ignoring the obvious privacy ...
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3answers
1k views

Windows Honeypot user account for tracking laptop

I've been wanting to create a dummy "Honeypot" user account on my Windows 7 laptop in case of theft. My question is: Has anyone come across useful resources and tips for doing this? Is there a way ...
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I only use windows for games. Do I need anti virus protection?

I use Linux, and even though I'm not pretending my system is virus-free, it's generally accepted that even an aggressive firewall is not a requirement. I want to install Windows 7 on a machine which ...
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Are non-personal AD users a security risk?

After an IT audit of my company, the report said that our Active Directory contained too many non-personal user accounts. This caused a risk of misuse and unauthorized user access. I checked my ...
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Server monitoring for security

We do a lot of web hosting management and have started to get into selling server management packages. However, we want to start monitoring servers for security related threats. Our clients may use ...