A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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15
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7answers
3k views

Convenient cross-platform help on checking secure hashes like SHA-256

It is often helpful to be able to obtain a good cryptographic checksum of a file, e.g. the SHA-256 hash. This can be used to verify file integrity, so long as you have a reliable source for the hash. ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

secure use of psexec?

As of March 7, 2014 PsExec now "encrypts all communication between local and remote systems, including the transmission of command information such as the user name and password under which the remote ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Forensics: Any legitimate reason for code injection in artifacts?

I have two images I'm analyzing using volatility. I've found two instances where malfind found injected code in processes in which the code had well defined function prologues and returns. One was ...
1
vote
2answers
150 views

Windows Firewall Connection Security with Certificate

I've been fiddling with the Windows firewall configuration of some computers within a VMWare based LAN (no domain). To aid in my testing and debugging, I created a small, self-hosted console ...
10
votes
2answers
4k views

Detecting reflective DLL injection

In the past few years, malware (and some pen-test tools like Metasploit's meterpreter payload) have begun to use reflective DLL injection (PDF) to load a DLL into the memory of a process. The benefit ...
-2
votes
1answer
79 views

What are the new security features in Windows 10? [on hold]

Title says it all really. I realise I can Google this, but the top links don't cover all the new features I am aware of, so people will benefit from a canonical answer here.
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Is the enforcement of only allowing signed application to run in a Windows server a safe rule in a prod environment?

There are various security tools that allow an administrator to enforce only signed applications to run in a Windows operating system. is this a realistic general enforcement rule in a production ...
-1
votes
0answers
50 views

Hack/virus visual simulator [closed]

I am curently working on a small film project for my univerity and we are looking for a tool that makes your PC look like you are getting hacked. Like in all movies from cinema with folders popping ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Windows Passwords

What are the security concerns of the following user account setups on a normal Windows 7/8/10 desktop machine compared to: Using a non-privileged account with a password and having an admin account ...
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How do I secure a Windows machine via the Advanced Firewall [closed]

I am trying to secure my Windows based machine via the Advanced Firewall and so far I have blocked ICMP and ICMPv6 Echo Requests since I hear a DoS can be done in this sort of way.What other rules can ...
2
votes
3answers
135 views

Completely encrypting virtual machine (for free) [closed]

I know in VMware workstation there's the option to encrypt a virtual machine. Is there a free way to do this without VMware workstation? I'm aiming for the fullest encryption and encapsulation ...
5
votes
5answers
160 views

How can I determine the domain controller when it's not in DNS?

On a penetration test going in blind for an organization, meaning no knowledge of network topology of design, no idea what the domain(s) might be, and domain controller is not apparent in DNS...how ...
1
vote
4answers
96 views

Possible to find out the last person to open a file on Windows without specialist tools?

So I suppose this is specific to the OS you are using or the filetype or software used to open it, but my question stands open for all really but I am particularly interested in more common files such ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

Forensics - trace back DNS query origin on host?

So I tried to search the web for answers but didn't find any. Is there any way to trace back which exe file or application caused the computer to make a specific DNS query?
4
votes
1answer
226 views

How do I continue pentesting with access to local station?

I started learning hobbyist penetration testing a while ago, and as far as penetrating a computer I have physical access to, all is good. Mainly using Hiren bootCD, it is easy to gain access to an ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

How does driver install with an expired cert?

I'm working on making a silent installer of WinpkFilter driver. In my silent installation, I'm always getting a (not so silent) prompt that says "Windows can't verify the publisher of this driver ...
2
votes
4answers
198 views

Can any dangerous file(Virus, Trojan, Malware, etc) cause harm inside a zip or rar?

I am using Windows 8.1 pro with Mozilla Thunderbird for my email requirements. I have my Thunderbird set to auto download all email attachments, however upon runnning a Virus scan I am seeing many ...
0
votes
2answers
42 views

Can I add a new user to an unencrypted Windows installation from a Windows installation disk?

I recall hearing this before, the ability to boot up a Windows PC with an unencrypted hard drive using an installation disk/usb, and use the command line utility on the Windows installation disk to ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Lowercase 'w' seen in C:\windows application paths from wmic services list

In reviewing several Windows 7 computers built from the same image (using wmic services command), I'm seeing most all the Window services paths displayed as C:\windows not C:\Windows. The 'w' is ...
19
votes
3answers
4k views

How can I tell if I have the citadel virus without downloading an antivirus?

I recently received an e-mail from Virgin Media indicating that I might have the Citadel virus. It obviously sounds like a fake e-mail, but I am almost certain it is genuine, as they had my name and ...
0
votes
2answers
64 views

Bitlocker without TPM with both a startup USB and password?

On a Windows 8.1 Pro PC without TPM, how can I use Bitlocker with both a startup USB drive and password? I don't have the option to use both of them, is this possible via command line? Currently, ...
1
vote
1answer
123 views

Lock Windows to a specific app

Is it possible, using some program or application, to lock Windows 7 so only a specific app can be used, for example Word, until a password is entered? Thanks!
0
votes
2answers
183 views

Mobile App Security vs. Traditional PC Desktop Security In The New Era

I have been using a Windows PC for many years now. Since Android has come to market, I have been very wary of installing apps that require unrelated permissions. Obvoiusly, these extra permissions ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Are there any alternatives to EFS for transparently encrypting the contents of a folder in Windows?

EFS is not an option for me because I'm using Windows 7 Home Premium. I am looking for folder encryption, not drive encryption.
3
votes
1answer
429 views

ISP glitch or a malware? Has this ever happened to you?

Brief background: I consider myself a relatively paranoid power-user, if not an absolute pro. I regularly update my AV and keep up with all the latest updates on my Windows7 machine. But what happened ...
0
votes
2answers
91 views

Two user accounts, or UAC?

What security implications does having UAC instead of two domain user accounts where one is not local admin and one is, on my windows 8.1 setup?
6
votes
1answer
204 views

Should I install my subordinate Certificate Authority on the domain controller? Why?

I must install a PKI in my organization. I work in a windows environment. I already set an offline CA. I must now install a subordinate CA. I have the choice between installing the subordinate CA on a ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

Task Manager and Keyloggers

I know that some of the best keyloggers can't be viewed from the Task Manager. Where can one see if such keyloggers are running on the system? Will they be in the Windows Services or are they hidden ...
6
votes
4answers
25k views

Windows Firewall - how to block inbound for all .exe files in a folder

In Windows Firewall with Advanced Settings I can create a rule which blocks all inbound or outbound traffic for particular program by pointing to its .exe file. The problem is that this program has ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why is Windows Explorer making external connections?

I'm seeing Windows Explorer (explorer.exe) establishing connections to external IPs: Also verified with cmd: C:\Windows\system32>tasklist|find "explorer.exe" explorer.exe 4052 ...
7
votes
2answers
4k views

Can running a browser in Windows Compatibility Mode be a security issue?

I have several clients that are having trouble logging into vendor's web service. When talking to the vendor about the issue, they told me to set them up with Chrome running in Windows XP ...
2
votes
0answers
36 views

ESI and EDI Overflow [duplicate]

I tried fuzzing an application and ended up with my fuzz string in the EDI register and my program stopped with access violation when reading ESI. I checked the SEH, but it seems un affected :( I am ...
11
votes
0answers
777 views

MPPE-Send and Receive key derivation from MS-CHAPv2

I am trying to get the MS-MPPE-Send-key and MS-MPPE-Recv-key from the MS-CHAPv2 challenge material. I am able to follow the RFCs 2548 3078 and 3079 to the step of getting the GetNewKeyFromSHA() it is ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Apache.exe trojan attack on xp server, wiped it with a linux install am i safe? [duplicate]

Hello I ran a apache web server on a windows xp pc on my home network. My antivirus picked up an attack, but didn't prevent it. It seems I had a Trojan attack on my apache.exe that got through. I know ...
0
votes
1answer
177 views

Windows netsh pivoting

I am pentesting a windows box to which I have gained system privileges. This box has two network interfaces. I have been able to reach machines on the second interface via the below netsh command. ...
7
votes
2answers
14k views

Windows groups and permissions: Authenticated Users group meaning

What is the purpose of the "Authenticated Users" group in Windows? Under Linux it doesn't exist and I'm starting to think this is another idiosyncrasy or over-engineering of the Windows operating ...
7
votes
3answers
393 views

CTF competitions/challenges that are Windows based?

I've been messing about in CTF's for a while and I also do pen-testing professionally, what i've noticed is a distinct lack of CTF competitions using windows environments. This is in stark contrast ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

Minimize risk with Windows 2003 end of life

The company I’m at currently has over 500 Windows 2003 servers remaining globally in production and even though they have a refresh plan they are working through, they are not going to be done anytime ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Save application autostart login token on computer

I need to login desktop application while autostart on server (like skype does). What is the best practice to save authentication token (password)? Should I use something like RSA encryption (which ...
3
votes
2answers
47 views

Signing the Recovery Partition

Do any computer manufacturers sign (DSA, or just publishing a hash) their recovery partitions so that I can be sure that these bits are authentic? I'd like to buy a second-hand computer and reduce ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

How to manage admin rights for helpdesk staff?

My question is about issuing administrative rights to helpdesk staff in a large Active Directory setting. Helpdesk staff commonly require administrative rights to provide support for end users. I ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

Determine in which process a virus is hiding [closed]

My computer got one of those Recycle bin viruses, e621ca05.exe. It's an old installation of Windows XP and I can't even enter safe mode because it was in a shaky state already. So I can't follow the ...
6
votes
1answer
230 views

Use token for Windows Server 2008 AD RMS [closed]

I have a Windows Server 2008 configured for AD RMS (Active Directory Rights Management Service), another Windows Server 2008 machine that is the domain controller, and a third machine that is a member ...
0
votes
1answer
66 views

Do I need dedicated firewall? [closed]

I have two servers in the datacenter. FreeBSD <--> Windows Server FreeBSD configured as a gateway for Windows Server. What is the best: FreeBSD has only firewall. All services are on the Win ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

How come UAC logs are not being stored in Event Viewer? [migrated]

In Event Viewer, under Applications and Services Logs, UAC logs are not being stored. How do I enable them? Could Domain/OU group policy have them disabled? If so where can I see that it is disabled ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Opening outgoing ports on dedicated machine [migrated]

I have a website where I have been working with another person on a game server listing site. It queries the game servers and shows information etc. Anyway upon talking to the creator of the script he ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

Https request call capture in Wireshark [migrated]

I have installed Wireshark and Windows based application(to be analyzed) which uses https request authentication to validate user.When I use interfaces -- > capture all the request of my system is ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

What are analytics APIs accessing when they run, and how do you block or spoof them?

What are analytics APIs accessing when they run, and how do you block or spoof them? Usually all apps from desktop or mobile app stores, MMO clients, Steam and many utilities, and many games and ...
1
vote
2answers
106 views

Hidden Malware on a windows OS able to startup [closed]

How do hackers hide there malware on windows, to startup and be impossible to find then delete. The results I found that a hacker can use to hide his malware: (found here) Windows: Setting hidden ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Does http.sys vulnerability affect Windows not running any webservers?

Windows kernel level HTTP driver http.sys is affected by remote code execution vulnerability (MS15-034). This security update resolves a vulnerability in Microsoft Windows. The vulnerability ...