A family of graphical operating systems produced by Microsoft. Windows includes both server and destop operating systems. Early versions relied on MS-DOS while current versions have evolved from Windows NT. Please do not use this tag for X, but use [x-windows] instead.

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24
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4answers
12k views

What can an attacker do with Bluetooth and how should it be mitigated?

What are the security risks of Bluetooth and what technologies and best practices should be used to protect my device? What can an attacker do once a malicious device is paired with mine? ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I prevent someone from accessing a Windows XP system via boot disk?

Apparently a computer system protected by a a login password, e.g. Windows XP, can be easily hacked by someone with physical access to it using methods like this one: ...
11
votes
3answers
10k views

Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)

Microsoft allows a CA to use Cryptography Next Generation (CNG) and advises of incompatibility issues for clients that do not support this suite. Here is an image of the default cryptography settings ...
12
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4answers
562 views

Unknown malware, how to report it and whom to report it to?

I'm a professional Windows system administrator, but I've been caught off-guard (or maybe some malware writer has been very clever) and I caught some unknown malware on my home computer (Windows 7 x64 ...
19
votes
1answer
5k views

GitHub's Bash Shell for Windows is vulnerable to Shellshock. Can it do any harm though?

After the news of the Shellshock vulnerability broke out, I remembered I had GitHub's version of a bash shell for Windows installed. Just to see if it also had the vulnerability, I executed: env ...
8
votes
3answers
6k views

How can I enumerate all the saved RSA keys in the Microsoft CSP?

I have an application that is creating several keys and storing them in various stores (in this case the Machine store). How can I enumerate all the keys on a given Windows system? ...
17
votes
4answers
3k views

Windows hardening

Can anyone point me at some good resources on Windows hardening? From 2003 upwards.
7
votes
2answers
429 views

What features do you look for in an Enterprise Log Management solution?

This question is for IT Pros, and people who manage a company's infrastructure. Developers should see this related answer for tools geared for them. What are your requirements for such a Event Log ...
10
votes
2answers
416 views

How can I restrict what an application can do with my computer?

Often when I install applications on my computer, I realize that I need to trust the application because it can do what ever it want with my computer, e.g. accessing files, listen to my keyboard, ...
8
votes
4answers
847 views

Is disabling auto-run enough to protect against malicious code from removable media automatically infecting a machine?

If I block auto-run on a windows machine, is this enough to protect it from malicious code (assuming I don't run any files manually)? Or are there known vulnerabilities that may cause infection?
5
votes
3answers
15k views

Windows 7 Password Hash Security

I recently came across a number of sources that suggest that cracking Windows user account passwords is easy by examining their password hashes. I understand that these hashes are stored in the SAM ...
4
votes
3answers
346 views

Security of login-data saved in browsers

Most browsers provide an option to save login-data for later use. Suppose a Windows workstation is located in a well-protected corporate LAN and only a well-defined set of application can be launched ...
24
votes
3answers
18k views

How does the Windows “Secure Desktop” mode work?

Can anyone explain (or provide a link to a simple explanation) of what the Windows "Secure Desktop" mode is and how it works? I just heard about it in the KeePass documentation (KeePass - Enter ...
22
votes
4answers
6k views

How secure is Windows 8's Picture Password login?

The final Windows 8 build has been released to manufacturing. One of the new features of Windows 8 is "Picture Password", where the end user logs on to Windows by clicking a specific pattern on the ...
13
votes
3answers
835 views

Starting with sandbox development

I am looking for some security related project in which I can contribute and also learn something. Since I am new with this stuff It will be better if that project is less complex and digestible for a ...
7
votes
8answers
4k views

Linux or Windows- the security issue [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Open Source vs Closed Source Systems Almost anyone who has grown up on Windows must have had the notion (that I had) of Linux being more secure than Windows- one of ...
18
votes
3answers
2k views

Why aren't applications sandboxed in Windows?

Sandboxing seem to be a way to restrict what an application can do. Today, I don't have much control of what my applications do with my computer. It feels more secure to use JavaScript based web ...
12
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I decrypt data with Java, without hard-coding the key?

I hope this is not a chicken-egg problem or reinventing the wheel but here goes. I have a Java application that needs to access a password protected file (actually during the application startup). The ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Am I protected from USB autorun malware on Windows 7?

As far as I know, the autorun.inf problem (the possibility of automatically executing code when a USB stick is plugged in) was solved through Windows Updates for XP, and on 7 it is no longer possible ...
37
votes
1answer
2k views

What's the risk if I accidently type my password into a username field (Windows logon)?

I'm used to logging into my personal Mac which is a password-only field (like waking from sleep mode). Sometimes I have to use a Windows network on which I have an account, but of course I have to ...
9
votes
2answers
152 views

Does Centralisation Decrease the Probability but Increase the Damage of Exploits?

This question is, perhaps, a tad too abstract for a Q&A site. But it's been playing on my mind for a while, so I'm throwing it out there. Modern systems seem to be increasingly centralised. An ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Man-in-the-middle Blue coat proxy ssl or what?

I have just discovered that my workplace have enabled some new feature in the blue coat network proxy. It seems like all https certificates in chrome on windows is being issued by this internal ...
4
votes
4answers
900 views

Is it possible to catch a virus on my LAN without clicking on anything?

My unpatched PC running Windows is connected to a network which contains other "infected" computers, can I get infected by viruses without any interaction on my part?
3
votes
2answers
297 views

Security of a Windows XP system after April 8th when running the latest Firefox or Chrome

As we all know, Microsoft stops developing security patches for Windows XP very soon. If a bug in the kernel was to be found that would allow an attacker to take control by, say, sending a specially ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

Dealing with untrusted administrators in a Windows domain

I'm providing consultation to a company, where they have domain-joined Windows workstations. One basic requirement is that they don't want anyone (including the an administrator) to be able to login ...
7
votes
2answers
652 views

How can IA-5(1)(b) be enforced on Windows systems?

Note: I've also posted a question for this issue on non-Windows systems. In NIST SP 800-53 Rev. 3, IA-5 is the control addressing "Authenticator Management". The requirements in this control include ...
6
votes
2answers
45k views

How to figure out if someone has been using TeamViewer 8 to access my computer when I was not here?

I came to my computer today and have not been here since monday afternoon. I am using windows 7. There were some error messages showing even on the log in screen about memory violations done by ...
4
votes
4answers
344 views

Does Windows have a built-in password store?

What passwords are stored in Microsoft Windows? How can I know what password are saved in computer?
3
votes
2answers
403 views

A SW system constructed with Microsoft CNG can be FIPS 140-2 Level 2 Compliant?

We have to design and construct a system that signs files with sensible data, like evidences/proofs. The sign process is simple, basically calculate MD5 of the file content and encrypt the MD5 result ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

what is the difference between dll hijacking and dll injection

I am confused. I would like to know if dll hijacking and dll injection are the same or are they different. I know that some malware use it to do malicious things. thank you in advance
1
vote
1answer
597 views

What encryption is possible for ReadyBoost?

ReadyBoost is a technology to assist getting Windows Vista or 7 to load faster on memory-constrained PC's. Since a USB stick can be easily removed, what security options are available for this ...
160
votes
7answers
27k views

What's the rationale behind Ctrl-Alt-Del for login

Why is Ctrl+Alt+Del required at login on certain Windows systems (I have not seen it elsewhere, but contradict me if I'm wrong) before the password can be typed in? From a usability point of view, ...
32
votes
6answers
76k views

Can I determine if my computer has a key logger installed?

A friend of mine just started a job at a security sensitive company. They've provided him with a laptop with Windows XP Professional installed. He's heard a rumor from other employees that the laptops ...
17
votes
1answer
97k views

How do I clear cached credentials from my Windows Profile?

Windows seems to be saving my credentials for a variety of applications (terminal servers, etc) and I'd like to purge this data. How can I backup and purge this data?
9
votes
2answers
3k views

Detecting reflective DLL injection

In the past few years, malware (and some pen-test tools like Metasploit's meterpreter payload) have begun to use reflective DLL injection (PDF) to load a DLL into the memory of a process. The benefit ...
13
votes
3answers
26k views

How do you discover what permissions an AD group has, if you have no documentation?

You just got hired at company A and the old administrator is no longer there. Requests start coming through for adding users to the internet restrict group. When you look at the groups none of the ...
6
votes
7answers
6k views

Physical computer security, how to disable USB ports when the computer is 'locked'?

Lets say my PC & server is in an environment where a theoretical attacker has physical access to the machine while I'm not there. Now the data is encrypted on the hard drive with TrueCrypt. ...
19
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I tell if I have the citadel virus without downloading an antivirus?

I recently received an e-mail from Virgin Media indicating that I might have the Citadel virus. It obviously sounds like a fake e-mail, but I am almost certain it is genuine, as they had my name and ...
17
votes
7answers
804 views

How to deal with a person who gets easily fooled by internet and mail scams?

alternative title: How to deal with a person who has gotten paranoid and doesn't want to go online anymore? A person, who has over the years been scammed many times, by bad spam/fraud emails, and ...
14
votes
4answers
3k views

Three-Factor Authentication for Windows

This HowToGeek article... http://www.howtogeek.com/67556/how-to-unlock-your-pc-by-being-nearby-with-a-bluetooth-phone/ ...got me thinking. Is there any software (or combination of software) that ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

How can I mitigate the threat that DPAPick poses to my DPAPI protected data?

The Windows Data Protection API (DPAPI) is the suggested method for storing secrets on Windows systems (such as database passwords required by ASP.Net applications). DPAPick was presented at BlackHat ...
18
votes
1answer
677 views

Is it secure to connect to a remote Windows Server using Remote Desktop only?

I have a Windows Server that I login to from my home. I only use the pre-installed Remote Desktop. Is this a secure way to remote login or should I improve it in some way? If I should improve it, ...
12
votes
6answers
13k views

How secure is NTFS encryption?

How secure is the data in a encrypted NTFS folder on Windows (XP, 7)? (The encryption option under file|folder -> properties -> advanced -> encrypt.) If the user uses a decent password, can this ...
11
votes
3answers
479 views

What security requirements do you have for Domain Administrators?

With regard to managing a Windows network, what security polices and processes do you use? For example Do you require/support Smart Card Authentication? Restrict logins from a particular ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Where do I securely store application-specific symmetric key?

I am writing an application App1. This application uses SQLite database and I plan to encrypt it using AES256. For symmetric encryption I need a key, which I need to store somewhere. From a similar ...
4
votes
1answer
3k views

AIA/CRL locations for Offline Root

I've read the answer to the following "Checklist on building an Offline Root & Intermediate Certificate Authority (CA)" and I have one questions based on the system I am trying building It's an ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

what is the best keylogger for security uses?

Today we were robbed. A thief come to our home at night and stole some stuff including my brother's laptop. I think that the right thing to do is to download a keylogger on my PC, just in case... I ...
2
votes
2answers
5k views

Automating PGP encryption? (Windows)

Let's say I have daily files that need to be encrypted using PGP (and then emailed) and I want to automate this task. I would be using Windows PowerShell to manipulate the files (examine date/times ...
1
vote
3answers
69k views

How to detect if files were saved or copied to a USB drive?

How can I find out if files from my computer were written/copied/moved to a USB storage device? I want to know if there is a solution that would work in a system that has not got any ...
9
votes
3answers
828 views

How can TOCTTOU vulnerabilities within the Windows OS be mitigated?

What are some ways to mitigate the time-of-check-to-time-of-use issues that apply to Windows permissions? Example: End-user is added to the local Administrators group in order to install software, ...