Wireless security topics including 802.11, Bluetooth, and others.

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Detecting access point model

Is there any way to detect the model (brand, reference, ...) of a reachable wireless access point without having to connect to it? I've tried sniffing packets with Wireshark, but I can't get the ...
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557 views

What are the security implications of pairwise master key caching in Wireless Networks?

I'm currently investigating WPA2 enterprise security options, and I'm curious about PMK Caching. I've found lots of vendor information about it, and understand that the client does not need to ...
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608 views

802.11 Authentication/Association and WPA/WPA2 authentication (Four-way handshake)

So I have read that 802.11 standard requires stations and APs to go through the authentication and association before communication can take place. I also know that WPA/WPA2 has its own authentication ...
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70 views

airodump-ng mon0 device

My laptop is in monitoring mode. I need to get the details of a client that makes probes and not include other bssid and their station. I run sudo airodump-ng -w s3 --bssid 74:de:2b:45:ed:d4 mon0 ...
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How can I trace MAC address of not asosciated devices in my WiFi network?

I'm looking for hints to solve my problem. I would like to trace all devices that are in my surroundings. I know how do it when someone already access to my WiFi network, but I'm also interested to ...
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WiFi Fingerprinting RFC2617 Linux Device Cannot Unauthenticate Unless AP Password Changes

There is a Cisco WiFi Access Point in the office that is intended for guests. It is an open network in that you can associate without providing a password with the SSID. It supports RFC2617 and so the ...
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Was the OSX/iOS Airdrop flaw real?

One exploit has caught my eye, mainly due to the possibility of malware incorporating it infecting businesses and schools. This exploit is, as you may have guessed from the title, the OSX/iOS Airdrop ...
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PMK/s and Keys/s: Which is faster?

I'm practicing on Kali Linux and was struck with the fact that almost all tutorials on the internet specified speed of aircrack-ng in Keys per second and the speed of pyrite as PMKs per second. So, ...
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ssh dns spoofing warning - possible investigation?

Recently the router my ISP provided started to work suspiciously. At times the wireless connection from my devices to the router breaks and the router stops responding while sometimes the connection ...
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Scapy capturing Dot11 headers windows

Is it at all possible to capture Dot11 headers under Scapy in Windows? I'm thinking Winpcap, but I'm not sure how I'm supposed to do that. Any clues?
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Sniff wireless (Wi-Fi) trafic with Wireshark

I have a wireless card (AWUS036H) in monitor mode (with airmon-ng start wlan0) on my Debian machine. In Wireshark, in "capture options", all my interfaces are in promiscuous mode. The test network is ...
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fakeauthentication is working when my belkin belkin router f7d2301 mac-address filtering enabled

Actually i have enabled mac-filtering in my belkin router and the security policy is none and the authentication is open authentication. Iam(attacker) using kali linux. when i done a fakeauth attack ...
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problem with mdk3

I have a problem in using mdk3 on kali. I want to DOS my AP with deauthenticate packets. I use the command: Mdk3 mon0 d <AP mac address> I am sure that the command is true. It is not working ...
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Decrypting WLAN (WPA2) Traffic - What kind of Antenna to use?

In a Penetration test after receiving the PSK of a WPA2 WLAN it's possible to decrypt the wireless traffic using airdecap-ng for example. This works well as long as one recorded the associated ...
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808 views

How Modification attacks works?

Theoretically... In Active attacks we have "modification attack"...ie "In a message modification attack, an intruder alters packet header addresses to direct a message to a different destination or ...
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Whole system ACK flood attack making internet slow

Over the past few days, I'm noticing that the log of my wireless router is showing an ACK flood attack from various IP addresses. I use a D-Link DIR-600L. I've searched through the internet, also ...
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Prevention of sinkhole attacks

I have read about many approaches to launch and detect sinkhole attacks in wireless (sensor) networks. Yet I couldn't find any (good) articles to read about the prevention/avoidance of sinkhole ...
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Difference between WPA, WPA2 and mixed mode on packets level

What is the difference between wpa, wpa2 and mixed mode, particulary how 4-way handshake packets look-like for every type? Is there any good lecture about it with packets examples? Above question ...
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30 views

GPS security standards

Are there any GPS (global position) security standards to secure any kind of GPS implementation? For e.g GPS software coding standards, GPS traffic encryption standards? I asked because nowadays there ...
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383 views

How secure are Ubiquiti Networks UniFi AP's restricted subnets?

I have a UniFI AP and create a quest network with subnet restriction 192.168.0.0/16. My local network is in 192.168.178.0/24. The gateway is 192.168.178.1. My question is: Is there a way that quests ...
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How are the sequence numbers generated in an 802.11 frame?

An 802.11 frame consists of sequence number in it. How are these sequence numbers generated? How random is it? Do these sequence numbers follow any particular pattern for the management frames in the ...