Security protocol (IEEE 802.11i) developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to protect wireless networks.

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What are the security implications of pairwise master key caching in Wireless Networks?

I'm currently investigating WPA2 enterprise security options, and I'm curious about PMK Caching. I've found lots of vendor information about it, and understand that the client does not need to ...
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1answer
2k views

Rainbow tables/hash tables versus WPA/WPA2

In Wi-Fi penetration testing, is it possible to use rainbow tables/hash tables on WPA/WPA2 networks? Is there an advantage of one over the other? Where would one get said tables or can they be ...
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556 views

802.11 Authentication/Association and WPA/WPA2 authentication (Four-way handshake)

So I have read that 802.11 standard requires stations and APs to go through the authentication and association before communication can take place. I also know that WPA/WPA2 has its own authentication ...
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615 views

WPA2 ephemeral key derivation

I'm trying to learn how ephemeral keys in WPA2 4-way handshake are derived. Starting from 4 EAPOL packets sniffing, I successfully derived PMK and PTK reading ANonce, SNonce, and knowing ASCII-PSK ...
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99 views

How do TSC (TKIP sequence counter) calculate into WPA?

I'm reading about 802.11, from IEEE's pdf (IEE pdf), from page 1191, and in particularly I'm reading about TKIP. And to decrypt and to encrypt used a TSC (TKIP Sequence Counter) as you can see in ...
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104 views

WPA2-Enterprise - unable to find a way around Lanner Electronics

I have currently been working in an environment where I am connected to a WPA2-Enterprise network requiring me to enter my username and password for the network whenever I connect. I have been asked ...
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57 views

Repeating “Type” field in EAP expanded NAK seems redundant?

I'm reviewing the EAP RFC 3748 and I've gotten to the bit about Expanded NAKs, and the examples given there seem to contradict my understanding of the generalised expanded format discussed later in ...
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27 views

Difference between WPA, WPA2 and mixed mode on packets level

What is the difference between wpa, wpa2 and mixed mode, particulary how 4-way handshake packets look-like for every type? Is there any good lecture about it with packets examples? Above question ...
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1k views

reaver - [!] WARNING: Failed to associate with xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx (ESSID: (null))

I am familiar with dict-password cracking but I recently moved on to reaver. When I run reaver, it pops up with an error [!] WARNING: Failed to associate with xx:xx:xx:xx:xx:xx (ESSID: (null)). I ...
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56 views

Usefulness of checking MS-CHAP-Challenge by TTLS Server

I've spotted what may be a "missed opportunity" in the EAP-TTLS specification for "Challenge"-based authentication protocols (for instance MS-CHAP-V2). The client initiates MS-CHAP-V2 by tunneling ...