Security protocol (IEEE 802.11i) developed by the Wi-Fi Alliance to protect wireless networks.

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37
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0answers
877 views

WPA2 ephemeral key derivation

I'm trying to learn how ephemeral keys in WPA2 4-way handshake are derived. Starting from 4 EAPOL packets sniffing, I successfully derived PMK and PTK reading ANonce, SNonce, and knowing ASCII-PSK ...
36
votes
3answers
24k views

What is the best home wireless network encryption algorithm to use?

What is the best home wireless network encryption algorithm to use? I realize the best answer will probably change over time, and hopefully people can provide updated answers as new standards come ...
29
votes
4answers
9k views

Are WPA2 connections with a shared key secure?

This is something that has been bugging me for quite some time: when I have a wifi access point with WPA2 encryption and I give out the key, how secure are the connections? With WEP you could easily ...
22
votes
2answers
15k views

Strength of WEP, WPA and WPA 2 PSK

I know there are three method for wifi security. What are the relative strengths of the password encryption in WEP, WPA and WPA2 PSK?
19
votes
1answer
2k views

WPA significantly less secure than WPA2?

I understand at least theoretically WPA2 is more secure than WPA, but in practice does it make any difference which one you use? From what I know there are no known attacks for either except for ...
17
votes
5answers
28k views

Why is WPA Enterprise more secure than WPA2?

In personal mode WPA2 is more secure than WPA. However, I have read that WPA Enterprise provides stronger security than WPA2 and I am unsure exactly how this is achieved.
17
votes
3answers
10k views

Can someone get my WPA2 password with honeypots?

Yesterday I went to my cousin's home and I saw that I'm not connected to his wireless (for internet access). Then I have looked up the list of wireless points. I have found his name and clicked it ...
15
votes
6answers
44k views

Recommend Length for Wi-FI PSK?

I currently have a network set up with WPA2 and AES encryption, the password is 8 characters long but was randomly generated and contains no dictionary words. However I'm concerned about the ...
13
votes
3answers
7k views

How does FaceNiff work?

FaceNiff is an Android app that sniffs Facebook session ids. You must be connected to the same WiFi as the victim. It is said to be working even when WPA2 is present. How is it possible? I can decrypt ...
12
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6answers
2k views

Why do coffee shops not use WPA/WPA2? Would it solve many problems if they did?

So I'm looking into public WiFi security in places such as hotels, coffee shops etc. It seems the current standard is just to use open wi fi connections in many of these locations. I would assume this ...
12
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2answers
14k views

Is it possible to use the aircrack-ng tool to crack a WPA2 Enterprise network?

is this tool (aircrack-ng) capable of cracking into a WPA/WPA2 Enterprise network? This tool has major success cracking the passwords of WEP/WPA networks. If it can, how, but if not, is there another ...
11
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2answers
2k views

Would an unnecessarily long password degrade performance of a WPA2 wireless network?

My friend wants to keep his home network super-secure, due to some trouble that he's had with unwelcome Wi-Fi intruders. So, naturally, he devised an ultra-long WPA2 passphrase (on the order of 100+ ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the purpose of changing the default SSID?

Yesterday I got a cable modem, and on the back of the modem there is a small sticker with the name of the default SSID, which looks like Vendor-A11 and the default Pre-Shared Key, which is a long ...
10
votes
4answers
3k views

How can an access point spoof me into connecting?

I was reading through the answers of the question "How can I ensure that I connect to the right wireless Access Point?" and was wondering how it is possible for an access point to imitate another wifi ...
10
votes
7answers
21k views

Is a longer WiFi password more secure?

Today I had to type the same password to connect to a WPA2-secured WiFi network several times, and got really annoyed with the length of the password. Especially since it is just a phrase repeated ...
10
votes
2answers
6k views

WPA2 Enterprise AES encryption key size?

I have recently set up a RADIUS server with EAP for my wireless router, however, I have some questions about the key size and how WPA2 enterprise (AES) works in general. I have read that in ...
9
votes
5answers
68k views

Bruteforce on 10 characters length WPA2 password

I'm trying to hack my own WPA2 network for learning purposes. I have the *.cap file generated by aircrack-ng tools after a WPA handshake. I've tested by including my own password and a bunch of ...
9
votes
1answer
2k views

Are networks using EAP-TLS affected by Heartbleed?

Does the Heartbleed bug affect WiFi networks secured by WPA2-EAP in TLS mode? Since it's using TLS to secure connections between the server and clients, is it possible to attack the server using the ...
9
votes
1answer
14k views

What are the difference between WPA2-PSK and WPA2-EAP-PSK?

What are the differences between WPA2-PSK and WPA2 EAP-PSK ? What are the pro/const of use one configuration or the other ?
8
votes
3answers
39k views

Four-way Handshake in WPA-Personal (WPA-PSK)

Can someone explain to me in what consists the Four-way Handshake in WPA-Personal (WPA with Pre-Shared Key), which informations are being sent between AP and client, how is it possible to find the AP ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Encrypt WiFi connection per connected user

One of the questions that comes on quite often is about WiFi encryption. Now imagine that you have multiple users connecting to one AP. With a simple WPA2 protection setup they can still sniff each ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Does WPA2 Enterprise mitigate evil twin attacks?

One of the dangers of using WPA2-PSK is the possibility that an attacker may setup another wireless network with the same SSID and even use the same access point MAC address via MAC spoofing. The ...
7
votes
2answers
410 views

If WPA2-PSK is insecure, what other options do home users have?

from what I'm reading online it seems that one can land attacks and successfully crack a WPA2-PSK wifi network, is that true and if it is, how home users can secure their networks? I seen an ...
7
votes
2answers
13k views

In inSSIDer, what is the difference between WPA2-CCMP and RSNA-CCMP?

inSSIDer shows my wireless network as RSNA-CCMP. The settings on the wireless router (Linksys E2000) do not at all seem to suggest an "RSNA" security option. The security filtering options in ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

In WPA2-Enterprise, where does AES come in?

WPA2-Enterprise uses 802.1X to facilitate authentication, but when and how is CCMP/AES used to encrypt the data after the authentication is completed? Let us say you want to use PEAP, and the TLS ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

Are strong WPA2 passwords “good enough” for WiFi security?

I'm currently using WPA2-PSK with CCMP on my home WiFi network for encryption and security. I was a big fan of MAC filtering, until I realized that MAC addresses are publicly sniffable in the 802.11 ...
7
votes
1answer
1k views

How to get hold of and use WPA session keys?

I'm testing sniffing and decrypting my WPA2 wifi network traffic. But when using airdecap to decrypt the capture file (created by airodump) using my WPA passphrase I only get broadcast traffic. If I ...
7
votes
1answer
13k views

How exactly does 4-way handshake cracking work?

From my understanding this is how WPA2 works for home networks: PSK(Pre-Shared Key) is used to generate PMK(Pairwise Master Key), which is used together with ANonce(AP Nonce) to create PTK(Pairwise ...
6
votes
5answers
577 views

Does mixing different types of encryption make the connection more secure?

Like when I browse a website using SSL from my laptop that is connected to my router using WPA2. My router talks to my ISP using IPsec. Is that more secure or do these types of encryption have ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

How do WPA/WPA2 cracking programs know when the PMK/PTK is correct?

I'm doing some pen-testing on my home wlan with aircrack-ng and it got me wondering how programs like these(eg. aircrack-ng, cowPatty, pyrit etc) really work. Specially, when performing a ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Practical attacks against WPA2

Maybe a duplicate: Bruteforce on 10 characters length WPA2 password So I am trying to get into home network security for the fun of it. More concretely, I am trying to reproduce the scenario of ...
6
votes
1answer
4k views

What makes PINless Wi-Fi Direct using WPS on Android secure?

I've read from Wikipedia that Wi-Fi direct uses WPS (Wifi Protected Setup), and I know that in Android (at least what I have which is 4.0.1 on Galaxy S3) uses the WPS method of the "push button" to ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it possible for someone to figure out my WIFI password by following me?

Say someone drives up and parks in front of my house. They get a list of all SSIDs they can pick up. My phone is configured to save the WPA2 password and automatically login when the SSID is in range. ...
5
votes
3answers
392 views

Security difference in wardriving open network versus monitoring traffic on a network to which I am authenticated

I have been listening to the CBT nuggets on comptia security+ and there were a few sections on wireless security. A question that occurred to me was: if I am authorized to use a wireless network, and ...
5
votes
4answers
14k views

Wifi penetration testing: Why aireplay-ng de-authentication does not work?

I am trying to pentest the security of the password of my wireless network. It is a WPA2 with pre-shared-keys. My current computer is connected to the wifi router and I try to de-auth my own machine. ...
5
votes
1answer
9k views

Is brute-forcing the only way to crack WPA?

I don't know much about how WPA algorithms work internally. Is brute-forcing an AP the only way to crack WPA? (or to get associated with AP) Another question is about Reaver-WPS, what if an access ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

WiFi security using IEEE 802.1X - how secure is it?

My company's set-up involves a single AP (TPlink) that is configured to authenticate clients using RADIUS. All works well, but: on a regular WPA/WPA2 network, once you have the PSK, you are able to ...
5
votes
1answer
323 views

Is it possible to steal WPA2 key using a rogue AP?

Without using a 'fishing' homepage explicitly asking for the user to retype the WPA key. Is it possible to catch the WPA key wich is sent to a rogue AP in the initial connection phase ?
5
votes
1answer
9k views

How does Dumper program get default WPS without bruteforcing them?

Today I tried a program called Dumper and the program showed me default WPS of all of my neighbor access points without bruteforcing them, see screenshot below: I had to cover BSSID and ESSID of the ...
5
votes
2answers
205 views

Does a WPA2-PSK authentication only succeed if both parties know the pre-shared key?

Normally people think of WiFi authentication as the client proving to the AP that it knows the pre-shared key. But does the AP also prove to the client that it knows the pre-shared key? Is it ...
4
votes
5answers
6k views

Does using WPA2-Enterprise just change the attack model vs WPA2-PSK?

As far as I can tell based on the reading I've done so far, WPA2-Enterprise uses the same encryption and security algorithms and methods as WPA2-PSK, with the addition of using another service for ...
4
votes
3answers
108 views

Risks of giving a hacker my WPA key for my router?

What are the risks when someone (maybe a hacker), that through Social Engineering gets the WPA or WEP key of my router and (obviously) can navigate through internet. At this point, what can this ...
4
votes
2answers
20k views

No Handshake from Airodump

I'm struggling to get a handshake from my router when using airodump. I'm running this from Kali Linux live CD. airmon-ng shows my wireless card is an Atheros AR9462 using the ath9k - [phy0] driver. ...
4
votes
2answers
210 views

Secure Wireless Implementations

For quite a while now, I have grown to treat wireless networks as inherently insecure. As part of this, I put them on the public Internet and require VPN connections to access company resources. My ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

Rainbow tables/hash tables versus WPA/WPA2

In Wi-Fi penetration testing, is it possible to use rainbow tables/hash tables on WPA/WPA2 networks? Is there an advantage of one over the other? ...
4
votes
2answers
546 views

ASUS RT-AC68 login page is redirecting to some Amazonaws page?

Has my ASUS router been hacked or just glitchy? When I tried to login to 'router.asus.com' it would redirect to "[censored just in case].us-west-2.compute.amazonaws.com/find/device.html" and it said ...
4
votes
1answer
134 views

Wi-Fi asks to accept (self-signed) certificate – What is it used for?

When I tried to connect to my University's Wi-Fi for the first time, it asked me to accept a (probably self-signed) certificate. Luckily they published the fingerprint so I was sure it is safe to ...
4
votes
1answer
125 views

Evil Twin attack: How to make client send WPA2-PSK password when asked for AP-password? [closed]

How can an Evil Twin attack be set up, so that the client will be prompted for a password and send it in plain text? Is the above even possible? I have already set up the fake AP, but it must be ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Certificate validation with 802.1x PEAP

I recently learned about how WPA-PSK works. If I understand correctly, the 4-way handshake enables the protocol to ensure mutual possession of the PMK (and therefor, the PSK) without sending the ...
4
votes
1answer
577 views

What are the security implications of pairwise master key caching in Wireless Networks?

I'm currently investigating WPA2 enterprise security options, and I'm curious about PMK Caching. I've found lots of vendor information about it, and understand that the client does not need to ...