3
votes
1answer
4k views

TLS v1.0 best cipher for OpenVPN setup

I'm trying to setup OpenVPN with as much security as I can. I'm in the process of selecting a cipher for OpenVPN. Which is the safest one, tls-cipher DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA or tls-cipher AES256-SHA? I've ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

Reliability of windows OS security for “program files” safe guard

I want to do inter process communication between Firefox (via extension) and my application. Both reside in "Program files" (of windows 7 OS). I also assume that malware is running in the system and ...
0
votes
1answer
463 views

How to MiTM SSL on a device with no proxy settings

I'm trying to MiTM a device on my network and having some problems. SSLstrip doesn't work because the URL is https://, and I can't use something like Fiddler because the device has no configurable ...
1
vote
1answer
418 views

Camellia and ECDHE_ECDSA -ECDSA in TLS1.2

I am setting up a server using nginx. I have it working with a self signed ecc certificate and if I connect it reports ECDHE-ECDSA which is what I wanted. But I was also wondering if I could use ...
1
vote
2answers
562 views

Is HMAC-SHA256 and HMAC-SHA512 able to act as drop in replacement for HMAC-SHA1 in HOTP/TOTP?

In RFC 4226, the algorithm for HOTP is described as follow. HOTP(K,C) = Truncate(HMAC-SHA-1(K,C)) TOTP is essentially the same algorithm as HOTP except for the fact that the counter C is ...
7
votes
1answer
641 views

Does bcrypt on top of md5 reduce its security?

A GitHub project I recently checked has a flawed security as they're using an unsalted md5() to hash the passwords. I opened a bug and they acknowledged it. However, the transition from md5() to ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Should I use sudo with the normal user or root or sudo with another user?

on a UNIX OS, ex.: OpenBSD (used as a desktop by me only), which one is the best choice in regards to security. I want to run desktop operations (like pkg_add) with root permissions. 1. having the ...
0
votes
2answers
166 views

What security products are necessary or advised for a home computer running Windows?

There is a lot of security related products for home users and it is becoming unclear what the difference is between them. What is the difference between antimalware, antispyware, antiadware and ...
3
votes
2answers
380 views

Determing live hosts past a restrictive firewall with nmap

Sometimes when I am doing an external security assesment, I run into hosts that have the following restrictions/configuration: All ICMP traffic is blocked An IDS or some device returns all ports as ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Is there a down side to how so many security products bundle multiple components into one these days?

For example it seems like anti-virus, anti-spam and firewalls have sort of merged into one product. Is there a downside to this? I don't know of any software firewalls that can be purchased without an ...
2
votes
1answer
540 views

ufw, system-config-firewall-tui, or firewalld vs iptables

Is there any advantage (other than usability) to using ufw, system-config-firewall-tui, or firewalld rather than just using iptables? My understanding is that these other programs just simplify ...
2
votes
1answer
225 views

Does Ubuntu Server have a “phone home” feature?

I've heard that Ubuntu has some sort of "phone home" system that is enabled by default. The kind of stuff that passes along performance information and that type of things to Canonical. I don't know ...
3
votes
1answer
105 views

(Why) should the clipboard be cleared when it contains content from a closed program?

Some operating systems resp. desktop managers clear copied content from the clipboard when the "source" program gets closed. Example: copy (Ctrl+c) some text from a webpage in your browser close ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Uses of Threat Modeling outside of application development?

Is threat modeling useful outside of application development? Is it a useful tool for doing operational assessments of information systems already in existence? I am confused how threat modeling ...
-2
votes
1answer
131 views

Commonly used url parameters [duplicate]

I'm working on a project that requires me to tamper with/rewrite url parameters. I'd also like to add in something that finds request parameters such as ?admin=false ?debugging=false ?page=example ...
0
votes
2answers
333 views

Is HTTPS based on a private key on the user side? [duplicate]

Is HTTPS it based on private key on user side? Where does the user get the private key in the first place? Suppose the user gets the private key by downloading a browser (Chrome, Firefox), then ...
3
votes
1answer
934 views

How do I verify exactly which cipher suite is in use for this Remote Desktop session?

You can configure Windows to use only certain cipher suites during things like Remote Desktop sessions. Cipher suites such as RC4 56 bit, RC4 128 bit, Triple DES 168 bit, etc. SSL/TLS is not in play ...
2
votes
0answers
262 views

How do I convert from this weird John/Asleap format to lc (for HashCat)?

I'm trying to setup a system for pen-testing. I'm using the FreeRadius-WPE patch to collect Challenges/Requests from people who connect to my spoofed AP instead of the actual network. Here is the ...
2
votes
3answers
851 views

Self-teach pentesting/CEH skills ethically

I am a Software Engineer currently and have done quite a bit of systems work as well. I love the idea of Penetration Testing and would love to work towards becoming a pentester/Certified Ethical ...
0
votes
1answer
310 views

Can SHA-1 PRNG still create secure cipher keys?

I am concerned that a SHA-1 PRNG cannot produce an AES-256 cipher key with the expected 256 bits of security, or indeed any secure cipher key where over 165 bits of security are expected. The SHA-1 ...
-3
votes
1answer
63 views

Do corrupted pdfs become a virus?

Can someone let me know if a corrupted pdf if the binary for a virus still exists but the pdf structure is corrupted does it still become a virus when downloaded form email?
2
votes
3answers
41k views

Wordlists on Kali Linux?

I notice that in /usr/share/wordlists in Kali Linux (former Backtrack) there are some lists. Are they used to bruteforce something? Is there specific list for specific kind of attacks?
2
votes
1answer
438 views

Why am I unable to connect to an address spoofed with arpspoof?

I wanted to see how many combinations of websites and browsers are still vulnerable to a tls stripping attack (like, by implementing HSTS or disabling cleartext HTTP altogether). To do it I wanted to ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Is “Why Should You Avoid AES In MySQL?” true?

From a 2012 Smashing Magazine article quite a bold statement is made to avoid AES in MySQL itself. Or as they put it "Why Should You Avoid AES In MySQL?". However, if you search for SQL encryption, ...
10
votes
2answers
476 views

How were weak passwords brute forced in github?

Github faced a brute force password-guessing attack recently that involved "nearly 40K unique IP addresses". Passwords were also "stored properly" using bcrypt, (salt + hashed). Given that bcrypt ...
-2
votes
2answers
25k views

backtrack or kali linux ??? Which is best for a beginner pen tester ? [closed]

I am using backtrack right now but i also wish to switch to kali linux if its more interactive. Because i am just a beginner pen tester. I tried with both bt4 and bt5, but novice in kali linux.
1
vote
2answers
243 views

Do I need to salt PBKDF2 when it's used for AES encryption

If I'm using PBKDF2 to stretch a password into a suitable key for use in encryption with AES, should I be using a random salt (for PBKDF2, not the AES IV)?
1
vote
3answers
256 views

How to check if our clients were compromised by security breaches in other web applications?

Every now and then a known website is hacked, such as what happened to Adobe or Cupid Media. In such incidents user data is leaked, including usernames, encrypted (and sometimes plain text!) ...
2
votes
1answer
128 views

Does Internet Explorer handle Extended Validation properly

I'm reading about Extended Validation (EV) certificates and have a few questions. From what I understand, EV allows domain owners to pay extra for a especially trusted certificate (that the browser ...
3
votes
1answer
268 views

Safe way of accepting customer-supplied private keys?

We run a software as a service application that is used by medium to large companies. One part of our application is a messaging service that integrates into the customers own infrastructure. At the ...
0
votes
2answers
193 views

Can Tor browser bundle be attacked like this?

When using the Tor browser bundle, you load the check.torproject.org on start. It tells you when there is a security update to downloads, and let's you click a link to get it. The way for users to ...
3
votes
1answer
263 views

ISP and ssh tunneling

I have a question about ssh tunneling. Is it possible for the ISP to realize the destination server which I want to connect it via ssh tunneling? I mean the destination website which I want to visit ...
1
vote
2answers
218 views

How secure are hashed passwords that are salted too?

SAP Netweaver has its passwords hashed and also salted. But I read that a tool such as John the Ripper can bruteforce them. So how does security varies when passwords are hashed, in particular in the ...
2
votes
2answers
205 views

Security concerns with a “fiddle” site?

I recently came across a cool site for testing .NET code (http://dotnetfiddle.net/). In the FAQs they mention that they have two restrictions for security purposes: No access to File System IO No ...
1
vote
3answers
189 views

S/MIME doesn't protect against a stolen password, right?

We're setting up S/MIME so that we can send encrypted emails. However, I have a bit of a stupid (and maybe obvious) question... If someone steals a password for either the sender or the receiver, ...
-2
votes
2answers
1k views

Port list according to vulnerability [closed]

I'm looking for a list of ports sorted according to the number of vulnerability you can find for that specific port (considering of course, the service installed in the default port). Example: ...
0
votes
1answer
637 views

Is there a fool-proof method to remove spyware from android smartphone?

I am owning an android smartphone. I learnt that factory reset may not remove spyware as it might have corrupted the image being installed by factory reset. Is there a fool-proof method which ensures ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Storing opened mail attachments unencrypted in /tmp is a normal thing?

So there is an E-mail client. I can encrypt its database with a few clicks in its menu. But it's storing the opened attachments unencrypted in /tmp/foo/bla.xls. The bla.xls has 644 UNIX permission ...
2
votes
3answers
158 views

Website Authenticity/Verification without SSL

Are there any other ways of verifying the web server you're visiting is actually the correct one? For example, if a domain name's DNS was hypothetically hijacked, and users were directed to a phishing ...
0
votes
1answer
89 views

how does IE or chrome verifies certificate? [duplicate]

If the HTTPS webserver uses self signed certificate, the web browser warns the user as follow. http://www.sslshopper.com/assets/images/iis7/iis7-self-signed-certificate-8-certificate-not-trusted.png ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

Verifying one specific attack vector of Cross Site Scripting

Burp suggests that there is a reflection.. It changes a value of a cookie named as x as x=<script src=abc.js> and in response this value gets injected to a javascript function.. <script ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

If DNSSEC is so questionable, why is it ahead of DNSCurve in adoption?

Looking at all the people who question the viability of DNSSEC, it's no wonder that the adoption rates are so poor. However, what about DNSCurve? It supposedly fixes all the DNS security and privacy ...
4
votes
2answers
119 views

Sensitive data and phone calls

How safe is it to give sensitive information to someone over a phone line? Does it matter if the data was verbally spoken or if it was typed in? Example: Opening an account with an internet provider ...
5
votes
0answers
101 views

Does any OpenID identity provider allow site-unique arbitrary email addresses?

Since OpenID officially furnishes email address to sites (with the user's permission) as a convenience rather than an attestation, is there any OpenID identity provider who'll allow you to ...
-1
votes
1answer
286 views

Removing Persistent MBR Malware [closed]

I do have a problem, how do I remove a persistent MBR malware? probably the malware hides itself in HDD sector that an OS couldn't even access. Already tried to format it and remove clean all ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Get Service_key in the course of kerberos authentication

Built environment 1) Exchange server: The operator system of Exchange server is Windows Server2008R2, We configured it as Active Directory (primary domain controller) used for client authentication ...
3
votes
1answer
384 views

Why does MySQLi using question marks (?) instead of the sprintf formatting?

As the title states, why does MySQLi use question marks instead of sprintf() formatting? For example, why is it $stmt = $mysqli->prepare("SELECT * FROM table WHERE column1 = ?"); ...
1
vote
3answers
150 views

Where to publish security research?

I'm considering doing some research in to an attack vector which I think doesn't get enough attention. It's not an earth-shaking vector but I think I can demonstrate an attack where none have been in ...
5
votes
3answers
818 views

How to Man in the Middle Internal AD Traffic

A coworker asked me why I thought encrypting internal AD Bind communication was important. I said because I follow a standard security practice, but couldn't actually articulate how an attacker would ...
2
votes
4answers
419 views

Storing credit cards to use for purchases on customer's behalf

My client physically makes online purchases (through various websites) on his customer's behalf using their credit cards. His clients have basically said "here's my credit card, buy what you need to." ...

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