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Though the OSI model is more often a source of confusion than enlightenment, it is here reasonably informative. The WiFi encryption occurs in layer 2 ("data link") because it strives to embody a security feature which is inherently related to the data link. Namely, WiFi was designed to be the over-the-air equivalent of wired Ethernet. In Ethernet networks, ...


6

There are two main ways in which SSL/TLS and EAP may mix: EAP-TLS and EAP-TTLS. Basically, EAP is a generic protocol for exchanging "messages", and the "authentication method" defines the message contents. In the case of the TLS-based EAP methods, the messages contain the various handshake messages from SSL/TLS. In EAP-TLS, the normal case is that the client ...


6

The evil twin attack works because with most versions of WPA there is no validation of the AP. When connecting to an AP a system authenticates trusts that the AP is what it says it is. This isn't a good design frankly, however we are stuck with it. WPA enterprise allows the use of certificates for verification of both AP and connecting system, however it ...


2

I am not an expert in how WPA works however I don't think there is a way to set up an AP which accepts any password; the 4-way handshake is a lot more complicated than just client sending password to AP and asking if it's correct. Traditional evil twins work by already knowing the password and are used for launching different kinds of attacks on clients, ...



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