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Given an alphanumeric password intended to be strong yet easy to remember, we change each alphabetic character by its NATO alphabet counterpart (e.g. 'cat' becomes 'charliealphatango').

I understand that password strength increases with length, but I'm also aware that a password generated by this method would yield a much lower entropy than a random alphanumeric password of the same length.

How much does password strength increase with this method, if at all?

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I understand that password strength increases with length ....

The strength increases with the amount of unknown information in the password, which often correlates with the length of the password. But in your proposed scheme you get a long password with only few information inside, at least if the attacker has detected your scheme.

Example: simplify your scheme even more and let the password only consist of different amounts of "A", i.e. "AA", "AAAA" etc. If the attacker knows this scheme then the only information to guess is the length of the password, that is a password with 20 characters will be not really be harder to crack than a password with 10 characters.

You might think that the attacker does not know your secret scheme (i.e. security by obscurity) but in reality password cracking today is no longer done with brute forcing all variations. Instead there are a lot of cracked passwords out there which are used as the basis for password cracking, that is it will try these passwords and modifications of them. Thus unless you have a very original idea chances are high that others had the same idea already and that this idea also got (or will quickly get) integrated into the password crackers.

  • Given password length it is easier to reduce number of candidates by eliminating those that don't fit. – Deer Hunter Oct 31 '15 at 13:44
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This will work until your attacker finds one valid password (e.g. carving a plaintext password out of memory, capture it over the network, etc) or reads your password policy guidelines. After that he will apply your method on his wordlists and brute-force algorithms and crack passwords with the same efficiency as before.

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