The 1-wire protocol does not have any built-in security at all. But it shouldn't have any either, since the 1-wire protocol is on the layer 2 of the OSI model.
However, depending on the devices you hook up on 1-wire, there is possibility to add security. There are 1-wire chips that can do encryption and/or authentication without problems, for example as pointed out in comments about the DS1961S chip.
And this is something that is then done on the application layer (layer 7) of the 1-wire network.
A 1-wire network can be compared with the "ethernet protocol" or "RS232 protocol", or even "433,92 Mhz wireless", or IR communication between a TV remote and TV set. Its just a transmission medium for sending payloads. The payload can of course contain more advanced packets, for example IPv4/IPv6 packets if you want. One example of routing IPv4/IPv6 packets over RS232 is PPP protocol (Point to Point Protocol), where PPP protocol is a protcol that contains built-in security (but nowadays very bad security).
So in short: 1-wire is as secure as you make it.