The inetnum and range come from the following IP whois information and simply represents the IP range used for BGP by the Internet Service Provider.
The changing of IP addresses could actually be a number of different things but it could simply be them using a pool of IP's from the ISP, a Chinese bot net or a group of Tor exit nodes (unlikely but possible, and something you could look up).
In any case, you need to stop this. It's great that you have Fail2Ban setup but it would be wise to move your SSH daemon to a high port (I recommend above TCP/30000)
Likewise as @tlng05 mentioned switch from password only to public-key authentication if you can as that tends to stop a lot of brute forcing. Note: when doing this make sure password auth is really disabled and not an option after public-key authentication times out.
If your organization has no business from China you could block that IP range for a few days but I don't generally recommend blocking countries except in very specific cases.
Finally it may be worth setting up a honey pot with a bad password on SSH to see what the attackers next steps will be and also waste more of their time (increase their cost of attacking).
It's worth e-mailing the abuse@ e-mail they provide in their IP Whois results but there is no guarantee anything will be done. Some providers are great at helping to block things like this others will ignore your request. None the less it's wise to do so if you have time (BTW: I've seen this automated).
Can you limit access to this host from certain source IP addresses ? If so that would allow you to block 99% of the Internet which would be a much better solution.
Likewise connecting to a jump-server via VPN first would also help. (Many ways to solve this problem).
If it's an option one way or another you definitely want to block that attacker and watch for their return.
IP Whois results from looking up one of the IP's you listed:
Source: whois.apnic.netIP Address: 184.108.40.206 (China)
% Whois data copyright terms http://www.apnic.net/db/dbcopyright.html
% Information related to '220.127.116.11 - 18.104.22.168'
inetnum: 22.214.171.124 - 126.96.36.199
descr: China Unicom Hebei Province Network
descr: China Unicom
remarks: service provider
status: ALLOCATED PORTABLE
remarks: To report network abuse, please contact mnt-irt
remarks: For troubleshooting, please contact tech-c and admin-c
remarks: Report invalid contact via www.apnic.net/invalidcontact
changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20040329
changed: email@example.com 20060124
changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20060125
changed: email@example.com 20080314
changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20090508
address: No.21,Jin-Rong Street
auth: # Filtered
changed: email@example.com 20101110
changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20101116
person: ChinaUnicom Hostmaster
address: No.21,Jin-Rong Street
changed: email@example.com 20090408
person: Kong Lingfei
address: 45, Guang An Street, Shi Jiazhuang City, HeBei Province,050011,CN
changed: firstname.lastname@example.org 20090206
% Information related to '188.8.131.52/14AS4837'
descr: CNC Group CHINA169 Hebei Province Network
changed: email@example.com 20060118
% This query was served by the APNIC Whois Service version 1.69.1-APNICv1r0 (UNDEFINED)