When reading https://www.zionsecurity.com/sites/default/files/what_to_expect_from_your_antivirus.pdf It mentions:
It is almost impossible to protect against new malware that will use the EternalBlue exploit to propagate except when using next-generation endpoint protection with memory scanning capabilities and exploit detection. Traditional anti-virus without premium features or configured by default will not block the EternalBlue exploit.
I am confused as to what memory scanning capabilities are referring to here. What exactly would these "next generation" anti-virus programs be doing to prevent attacks like wanna cry?