- Patching the AP (e.g. router)
- Patching the client (e.g. mobile device)
- Patching the AP and the client
Both clients and access points are listed in the paper as being vulnerable.
implementations can be patched in a backwards-compatible manner [...] To prevent the attack, users must update affected products as soon as security updates become available. [...] a patched client can still communicate with an unpatched access point, and vice versa.
But this seems to leave open the question of which combination(s) of patches would be an effective fix. It's clear for example that if I were to patch my phone, it would still be able to communicate with an unpatched AP, but would that communication be secure?
This is an important question, because while it is relatively easy to make sure my clients are patched once the patch is available (since the number of OS vendors are relatively small), ensuring all routers are patched (particularly in public wifi APs) seems like a much harder task due to the number and size of the vendors, and the lack of control over third party hardware.