From Amazon SNS, I can send SMS messages to any mobile phone.
To recipient phones, the SenderId is just a string of my choosing. The messages cannot be replied to.
I receive quite a few phishing messages that appear to be sent via a similar mechanism. I can't reply 'stop' and the sender ID is just a name.
Is it possible for network operators to trace these types of SMS messages back to their sender? Or is the inter-network protocol completely anonymous?