Which vulnerable OS's like for example DVL would you recommend for someone to use for the purpose of pentest/exploitation learning?
22Am I the only one who finds it a bit ironic that we're not using DVL (Damn Vulnerable Linux) because is not maintained anymore?– AdiMay 11, 2013 at 18:44
Also see here security.stackexchange.com/questions/35756/…– NULLZMay 15, 2013 at 23:23
I think, Windows 95/98 are very vulnerable.– Display NameNov 17, 2014 at 11:30
There's a couple of good ones in addition to DVL, that I've come across
- Metasploitable is designed for testing out some of Metasploits functionality. There's some good information on using it in the free Metasploit Unleashed course.
- There's also DVWA from a web applications perspective
Another good list I came across on a blog recently, has quite a few potential vulnerable apps
There is quite a lot of them:
- Metasploitable: Currently there are 2 versions.
- Kioptrix: Currently 4 challenges.
- Hackademic: Apparently 2 VM, check 1 and 2.
- pWnOS: Currently 2 challenges.
Standalone which you can install directly without VM, this is to hone your Webattack-Fu:
7In addition, Windows Server 2003 with no patches would be a good start. May 12, 2013 at 20:33
2@ponsfonze Yeah indeed, but since the OP has tagged his question
linuxI didn't add it.– HamZaMay 12, 2013 at 20:38
I'd suggest in additiona to HamZa DzCyberDeV's answer:
Pentester Labs exercises which are full VMs as well as full detailed walkthroughs etc. These are great for all skill levels and i've found them most useful.
1@HamZaDzCyberDeV Thank Louis Nyffenegger twitter.com/snyff he's the guy who's been kind enough to make it happen :)– NULLZMay 15, 2013 at 1:32
Another good one is http://exploit-exercises.com/:
exploit-exercises.com provides a variety of virtual machines, documentation and challenges that can be used to learn about a variety of computer security issues such as privilege escalation, vulnerability analysis, exploit development, debugging, reverse engineering, and general cyber security issues.
Did a little research on my own and found the following:
- De-ICE PenTest LiveCDs Project
- Web Security Dojo - one more web appsec training environment (based on ubuntu)
I know of LAMP security training and PwnOS
To a greater or lesser degree, almost all OS'es should be counted as vulnerable out of the box, so in my opinion you should practice on Win XP, 2000 and possibly Win 7, Linux (of any type), MAC OS X etc. Once you understand the vulnerabilities, then patch and apply secure hardening guidance and retest the same platforms. You will then get some valuable experience as to how OS'es can be secured.
Please see Question: servers-for-penetration-testing. It has many Operating Systems and live servers that you are allowed to attack, hack and learn...
If you have a little money to spend then you can grab an MSDN OS license to gain access to the various Windows OS versions. If you answer the questions correctly, you can get an MSDN license for $100 via BizSpark: http://www.microsoft.com/bizspark/Faqs.aspx
UPDATE: Check out this list: http://www.felipemartins.info/2011/05/pentesting-vulnerable-study-frameworks-complete-list/
2Are you implying that Windows is a "vulnerable OS" and useful only for "exploitation learning"?– AviD ♦Nov 17, 2010 at 0:33
1Btw, BizSpark rocks, but its not just a question of "answering the questions correctly". (See there "Who is eligible for BizSpark?").– AviD ♦Nov 17, 2010 at 0:35
2No. I never said or implied Windows is only useful for "exploitation learning". Windows is a great gaming platform! And wouldn't you agree most (all?) default Windows installations is the equivalent to running a vulnerable OS? Nov 17, 2010 at 4:07
when you say default are you refering to a patched or unpatched system connected to the network/web? Nov 24, 2010 at 2:44
Hi just on the following of "vulnerable" VM's I have a great resource for you guys just thought id pop it on here. It's called VulnHub.
OWASP site, specifically
Contains links to Virtual machines etc, some maintained others not