I am writing a Powershell script that requires a privileged account to do something. Of course, I'm not going to include the password of this account in the .ps1 file in clear text so I am following this guide to create a more secure way of doing this: https://www.pdq.com/blog/secure-password-with-powershell-encrypting-credentials-part-2/
Here is the code that generates the key and encrypts the password:
$KeyFile = "\\Machine1\SharedPath\AES.key" $Key = New-Object Byte 16 # You can use 16, 24, or 32 for AES [Security.Cryptography.RNGCryptoServiceProvider]::Create().GetBytes($Key) $Key | out-file $KeyFile $PasswordFile = "\\Machine1\SharedPath\Password.txt" $KeyFile = "\\Machine1\SharedPath\AES.key" $Key = Get-Content $KeyFile $Password = "P@ssword1" | ConvertTo-SecureString -AsPlainText -Force $Password | ConvertFrom-SecureString -key $Key | Out-File $PasswordFile $User = "MyUserName" $PasswordFile = "\\Machine1\SharedPath\Password.txt" $KeyFile = "\\Machine1\SharedPath\AES.key" $key = Get-Content $KeyFile $MyCredential = New-Object -TypeName System.Management.Automation.PSCredential ` -ArgumentList $User, (Get-Content $PasswordFile | ConvertTo-SecureString -Key $key)
However, the bottom of the article mentions the following:
Be sure to protect that AES key as if it were your password. Anybody who can read the AES key can decrypt anything that was encrypted with it.
Of course, anyone with access to both the .ps1 file, which is clear text by default, and the AES key file can simply read the code and use the account name and files to create a PSCredential object to do stuff with. But can they use the key file to decrypt the contents of the Password.txt file and get the account password in cleartext? I tried doing this myself with ConvertFrom-SecureString but to no avail which, I guess, makes sense?
Additional remark: The code needs to work on multiple computers, so no "local machine only" encryption mechanisms as often seen with Powershell can be used here.