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Is the exploitation of a format string vulnerability possible if the number of characters you're allowed to enter is limited?

Let's say I'm just allowed to enter input with 23 characters. I can read the stack like this of course:

AAAA%1$08xBBBBBBBBBBBBB
...
AAAA%576$08xBBBBBBBBBBB

But is it possible to exploit it somehow? (Shell, ...)

The system behind is a Linux Server I am accessing with netcat. It is running a simple ELF which makes the string length check and then calls the vulnerable printf function.

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  • 1
    The question "Is ___ possible?" is very different from "Can you give me an example of ___?". When doing defensive security, I always assume things are possible :P (may want to edit the title) Commented Aug 28, 2018 at 16:22
  • I agree, but I don't need an example for now. I just want to know if it is even possible.
    – Stjubit
    Commented Aug 29, 2018 at 9:00
  • Yes 23 seems an okay bound to exploit. Show us the binary/code and I'll be happy to help.
    – sudhackar
    Commented Sep 10, 2018 at 2:34

1 Answer 1

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PRINTF is not vulnerable on its own, so probably need to explain what it does with the output.

looks like you only need 2-3 characters

Read this: https://www.owasp.org/index.php/Format_string_attack

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  • In my case, it is definitely vulnerable. I already read the whole stack and know at which position my payload is. However, it is not my question if it is vulnerable. My question is: Is it possible to exploit it with a limited number of characters? With "exploit" I mean popping up a shell, RCE and so on.
    – Stjubit
    Commented Aug 29, 2018 at 8:57
  • you'd still have to have memory allocated I think. Do you have the source code? Commented Aug 29, 2018 at 16:40
  • I have to reconnect to the netcat server every time I send a string. So the memory stays allocated, because the ELF is executed with every reconnect. I don't have the source code, but I'm 100% sure that it is just a string length check and then the printf(input) function.
    – Stjubit
    Commented Aug 30, 2018 at 6:34
  • Notepad has an encoding hack that Microsoft determined is not fixable and not a security issue. It’s posted on stackoverflow.com. Educational on UTF8 Commented Sep 13, 2021 at 0:28

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