When I read about mobile call tracing, the hackers/security experts track and record mobile phone calls somehow.
Is it possible for us to identify that our call is tracked by someone or heard by someone?
You could try another old-fashioned way and disclose something specific on the phone, and nowhere else, that would be of interest to those monitoring you.
If that information is later used you will know your phones are being monitored.
The simple answer is that you can't. The tracking and tapping is done transparently at the service provider.
Only ways I can think of:
No, there's no way unless one side is on a very old-school, purely electromechanical system where an end user can detect clicks and pops. These days voice is computer-processed data with tapping built into the software, or in-line taps that are undetectable.
In digital communication, for the most part, information is not modified in any way when transmitted over a medium (presuming the use of appropriate noise reduction and error correction schemes). This makes impossible to infer, just by looking at the received data alone, whether the communication was hacked. The only realistic way improve to the security of your connection is by having an elaborate encryption-decryption mechanism on both ends of the communication channel.
To my knowledge there's no such mechanism in place for phone calls. It would be really interesting if companies like AT&T would start offering encrypted channels to VIP users, which would require both the caller and the receiver to have an encryption password for making important calls. If correctly implemented, at least in theory, even the service provider shouldn't be able to tap into the conversations.
From what I've read about this kind of stuff, I think it's probably a good bet to just assume that you're already being tracked, and that every conversation is being recorded (at the very minimum by one governmental agency).
Check out the AT&T + NSA warrantless surveillance controversy.
If you are being eavesdropped using an IMSI-Catcher (a fake cell-tower facilitating a Man-in-the-middle attack, in a black van, parked around your house), there are ways to detect them.
One way of doing this is using monitoring-software for special pattern that IMSI-Catchers create in the cell-network. For one typical pattern you need at least two phones for each cell-provider in the area.
IMSI-catcher simulate a network for your phone, but, especially cheaper ones, don't act as a real phone towards the real network. They have various "bugs" like
They just work with outgoing calls. Those can be detected by calling the phone. If the phone isn't reachable, you are being eavesdropped.
They generally use a directive in the GSM-protocol to disable encryption (since it isn't mandatory). Some phones display that with an opened padlock-symbol. Android could probably be modded to display that info :).
Note that if your provider provides the monitoring to whoever, these devices aren't needed, and there's no technical way to detect it.
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