NotPetya runs inmediatly after infection or can be there and being executed even do i have all the security patches?
closed as unclear what you're asking by Steffen Ullrich, forest, AndrolGenhald, Overmind, A. Hersean May 7 at 13:35
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NotPetya used the EternalBlue exploit in Windows’ SMB file-sharing system for spreading. The vulnerability is patched on every current Windows version (MS17-010). This only means you can't get infected with this variant – or any other malware using the same exploit – through SMB. The original Petya didn't use EternelBlue, but required the user to grant it administrative privileges.
But this is just trivia; there's no particular reason to be afraid of a single malware like this.