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I already know how to add Subject Alternative Names (SANs) to a Certificate Signing Request and I know it's possible to manually add once again to a certificate which is similar to add SAN to csr using OpenSSL like this:

openssl x509 -req -extfile < (printf "subjectAltName=IP:xxx" -days xxx -in xxx.csr -signkey xxx.key -out xxx.crt

Is there a way to achieve this with CLI?

The key is copy_extensions. I'll try it. And this link explains it: https://unix.stackexchange.com/a/372393

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    Hello and welcome to Stack Exchange. Your question is about the use of a command line tool, not about information security. I therefore voted to migrate this question to Super User, as you have better chances of getting an answer there. – MechMK1 Sep 11 at 9:18
  • Do you mean creating a CSR, or the 'signing' (really issuing) operation that reads a CSR? For the former, dupe security.stackexchange.com/questions/74345/… . Also to be clear, you can use a config file other than openssl.cnf, so you can modify the config file without modifying openssl.cnf; does that meet your requirement? – dave_thompson_085 Sep 12 at 4:37
  • @dave_thompson_085, thanks for your reply. I have already read that link. I think my question like this. mta.openssl.org/pipermail/openssl-users/2016-January/…. – 谢毅鑫 Sep 12 at 14:07
  • The Subject of this question, then, doesn't match your actual question (based on that openssl-users link) - you want to sign the CSR purely CLI, not generate the CSR purely CLI. – gowenfawr Sep 12 at 14:30
  • That email is vague but is either about specifying SAN in the operation that issues the cert from the CSR (such as the x509 -req -signkey you posted) or copying SAN from CSR to cert, which is a different operation and covered by different Qs: see security.stackexchange.com/questions/150078/… and maybe cross unix.stackexchange.com/questions/371997/… . – dave_thompson_085 Sep 13 at 1:59
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It is not possible to specify a SAN in OpenSSL solely at the command line*.

FWIW, I wrote a wrapper that allows you to do that by dynamically generating a temporary openssl.cnf behind the scenes for you: one_genkey

A script for creating Certificate Signing Requests from the CLI, hiding the OpenSSL config file complexity.


*Per dave_thompson_085's pointer to this answer, openssl 1.1.1 added an -addext option to req which will allow this. The sheer ingenuity of contortions provided in all the other answers on that page are a testament to how big a pain this has been for all time leading up to openssl 1.1.1, and all those systems (cough RHEL) still languishing with something other than the head branch.

  • For CSR (NOT cert) 1.1.1 (2018-09) has req -addext; see the link in my comment on the Q. – dave_thompson_085 Sep 12 at 4:38

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