when I visit "https://www.ebay.co.uk", I can see a trust seal at the bottom right of the page that says the certificate is issued by DigiCert. It is a clickable trust seal, so when I click on it, it takes me to the DigiCert website.

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My confusion is due to the certificate that ebay website send to my browser. When I click on the padlock in Chrome and check the certificate, it shows me this:

enter image description here

Intermediate and root CA for the ebay website is from Sectigo. To the best of my understanding Sectigo and DigiCert are two different CAs business. What am I missing here?

1 Answer 1


eBay.com and eBay.co.uk use two different CA's:

ebay.com CA ebay.co.uk CA

Their HTML template probably doesn't take this into account, so it shows the same seal for everyone.

Such seals is generally meaningless anyway. As you have shown in your question, they can be freely included in any page, without any checks. They provide no security, and any MiTM can freely replace them anyway. And as you have shown - noone bothers enough about them to make sure they match.

Why does eBay use two different CA's? Who knows. There's no technical reason against it, so if it makes sense to their operations, it's entirely valid.

  • 2
    who asked Why does eBay use two different CA's? :D Commented Jan 10, 2022 at 7:02
  • 1
    On "Why does eBay use two different CA's? Who knows.": Why does eBay use multiple different host names? Who knows.
    – U. Windl
    Commented Jan 10, 2022 at 12:59
  • @U.Windl that seems more obvious: it’s a way to do localisation, no?
    – Tim
    Commented Jan 10, 2022 at 22:43
  • ocsrest.ebay.de pulsar.ebay.de ebay.de ebay.com srv.de.ebayrtm.com ir.ebaystatic.com secureir.ebaystatic.com cas.avalon.perfdrive.com b.ns1p.net ... possible each having a different certificate; a security nightmare!
    – U. Windl
    Commented Jan 10, 2022 at 23:06
  • ‘There's no technical reason against it’ — what about compromised CAs, e.g. an adversary obtaining a certificate from a CA with weak identity verification policies? (Remember the Comodo fiasco?) I would be wary if I noticed my bank suddenly switching to Let’s Encrypt, for example (which basically only verifies ownership of the domain). Committing to a specific CA creates a security signal (‘if you see some other purported authority signing on someone’s claim to be me, beware’); reneging on that promise weakens it. Commented Jan 11, 2022 at 12:32

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