There are other reasons why using your own login page doesn't work for SSO. For one thing, maybe I'm already signed into the identity provider and nobody should be collecting my credentials at all! For another, the identity provider always must ask me (the user) for my consent to share any information with the service provider (you); after all, Google has no way to know if you're really trustworthy, certainly not whether I think you're trustworthy, and any site or app can set itself up as an SSO service provider. Finally, maybe your login page just doesn't handle my credentials! What if I authenticate to the identity provider using MFA? Using a TLS client certificate? Using a FIDO2 / WebAuthN hardware token? Using Kerberos/Active Directory? Using a different SSO identity provider such as Okta?
Redirecting users to the IdP's login page (via redirecting them to the browser, if needed) and then back to your site/app isn't going to ruin your UI experience. People are used to it; that's how SSO works, and everybody knows to expect it. In fact, I'd be extremely suspicious of any site or app that tried to collect my credentials for a third-party site or service directly, and probably report it to the browser maker / app store as potentially malicious.
Now, with that said, you can of course support multiple login forms: one for each identity provider (their own forms, not yours), and if you want, you can also act as your own identity provider (collecting credentials and authenticating users against your own database) which of course will use your login form. Some people prefer the latter; maybe I don't want Google knowing that I use your site, or I want to be able to share an account with a trusted other person (e.g. my spouse) without needing to share my whole Google account. You don't have to support local authentication if you don't want to, of course; SSO works fine, almost everybody will have at least one of Google, Apple, or Microsoft accounts, and it saves you needing to securely hash and store credentials, handle password resets, handle MFA, handle credential stuffing attacks, etc. Authentication is hard; it's valid to ask somebody else to take care of it. Just don't go trying to collect the credentials for some other site yourself.