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I am trying to learn about cipher lists and how to order them. I am new to this. I have gone through this doc. I don't get some of the things mentioned in it. Maybe this post can clairfy it.

I want to create a cipher list that doesn't contain AES and CAMELLIA ciphers.

Does the following cipher string cover my use case? I don't have any idea.

openssl ciphers -v "ECDHE" 

From the output of the command, it does contain AES and CAMELLIA ciphers. So maybe the above cipher string is wrong.

TLS_AES_256_GCM_SHA384  TLSv1.3 Kx=any      Au=any  Enc=AESGCM(256) Mac=AEAD
TLS_AES_128_GCM_SHA256  TLSv1.3 Kx=any      Au=any  Enc=AESGCM(128) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESGCM(256) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-RSA-AES256-GCM-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AESGCM(256) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-CCM8 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESCCM8(256) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-CCM  TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESCCM(256) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESGCM(128) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AESGCM(128) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-CCM8 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESCCM8(128) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-CCM  TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AESCCM(128) Mac=AEAD
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AES(256)  Mac=SHA384
ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AES(256)  Mac=SHA384
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AES(128)  Mac=SHA256
ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AES(128)  Mac=SHA256
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES256-SHA  TLSv1 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AES(256)  Mac=SHA1
ECDHE-RSA-AES256-SHA    TLSv1 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AES(256)  Mac=SHA1
ECDHE-ECDSA-AES128-SHA  TLSv1 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=AES(128)  Mac=SHA1
ECDHE-RSA-AES128-SHA    TLSv1 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=AES(128)  Mac=SHA1
ECDHE-ECDSA-CAMELLIA256-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=Camellia(256) Mac=SHA384
ECDHE-RSA-CAMELLIA256-SHA384 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=Camellia(256) Mac=SHA384
ECDHE-ECDSA-CAMELLIA128-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=ECDSA Enc=Camellia(128) Mac=SHA256
ECDHE-RSA-CAMELLIA128-SHA256 TLSv1.2 Kx=ECDH     Au=RSA  Enc=Camellia(128) Mac=SHA256

Please can anyone guide what the cipher string should be ?

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I want to create a cipher list that doesn't contain AES and CAMELLIA ciphers.

Does the following cipher string cover my use case? I don't have any idea.

openssl ciphers -v "ECDHE"

This string has exactly nothing to do with what you want to achieve. This strings is about ciphers using ECDHE as a key exchange - which includes some ciphers using AES and CAMELLIA but not all of these. AES and CAMELLIA are symmetric ciphers, i.e. they are used for encryption using the previously (for example with ECDHE) exchanged key.

If you want to exclude AES based ciphers use !AES. And similar for CAMELLIA use !CAMELLIA. Or together

openssl ciphers -v 'ALL:!AES:!CAMELLIA'

Note that this does not cover TLS 1.3 ciphers yet - for this you would need explicitly select which ciphers to use instead of disabling all AES ciphers:

openssl ciphers -ciphersuites 'TLS_CHACHA20_POLY1305_SHA256' -v 'ALL:!AES:!CAMELLIA'

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