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i'm using latest version of microsoft edge browser on windows 10 PC and i'm in India. I use cloudeflare DNS. i Checked my browser security on https://www.cloudflare.com/ssl/encrypted-sni/ and got this result - cloudflare result

So can my ISP know which urls i'm visiting? not just starting domain like "example.com" but full url like- "example.com/questions/ask"? Please tell me the answer for both http and https websites. If ISP can, then how do i prevent it? will using a VPN UDP connection prevent ISP from getting full urls I visit? or do i have to use VPN TCP connection?

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Lack of secure SNI means that you're broadcasting in plaintext to the server the FQDN of the site you want to which you'd like to connect. This implies nothing about the rest of the URL.

You ask about HTTP in addition to HTTPS. Realize that with HTTP, you are not receiving any of the benefits of that encryption & thus your entire conversation w/ the web server is unencrypted.

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  • the question has nothing to do with encryption other than both https and http URLS won't be hidden from ISP without a VPN, he asked if the ISP can see which sites he visited. Other users answered it already in that using a VPN just switches it to the VPN having browsing history instead of the ISP.
    – Coderxyz
    Oct 13, 2022 at 18:09

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