I am working on a computer that I am not allowed to install new software on. It does not have secure delete software installed. Suppose I have a file (or files) that are sensitive that I'd like to delete and prevent (or make it very difficult) to recovery. If after deleting the file(s) I filled up the hard-drive with other non-confidential files and then deleted those (repeating this process a few times) would this essentially do the same thing as a secure delete utility that wipes the drive?
If you use sdelete from Microsoft (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/sysinternals/bb897443.aspx) you don't have to install anything. It has an option to fill the unused disk space with zeroes too. If you already deleted the files this is what I'd just to make sure that nothing remains of the original file.
It depends. If you want to delete every trace of the file, it is more complex than overwriting sectors.
Depending on which file system you are using, but if e.g. NTFS: even if you fill all free space, there can be things left behind in the MFT, journaling areas, etc. If it is a very small file, the entire file can be contained in the MFT, etc
Also, indexing service databases, "most recent" histories in apps that has accessed the file, temp files generated by apps, etc may also contain traces, or partial content, or full content...
You can't be guaranteed that your file will be deleted successfully just by trying to overwrite it with other files. You don't have any say over what sectors get written with data. Your deleted file will stay on the hard drive until the OS determines that it needs to write over those sectors. So the short answer is no. Sdelete is a sysinternals tool that should work or something like eraser. Or better yet, don't put sensitive files on a system you don't control.
If one had a hex editor (that didn't make backup files), one could, in principle, edit the file and replace characters with other characters, move blocks of characters around, etc., then save it in place. Even replace every character with 00, the write out the file, then replace all the 00's with FF's, etc. The newly written file can't be smaller than the original file or it won't overwrite all of the original file. This assumes, obviously, that the system has a program that will edit hex data.
First it depends on what kind of hard drive you have.
If it's an SSD then writing over the disk is not guaranteed to work for a variety of reasons and writing over it any more times is no more useful than the first pass. In theory SSDs are wiped with once-over random data. In fact the technical details of SSDs make it impossible to be sure than any piece of data has ever been wiped or even can be wiped. If you Google "UCSD and SSD and Secure Erase" you can read all about it.
If it's a platter disk, then you can use a program like eraser to effectively erase the data as far as we (the public) knows. Doing what you did is somewhat useful, depending on what technology your opponent has available to recover the data with. In general, random data is more effective because 1) it's only the majority aggregate charge for any bit on a disk that decides if that bit is a 1 or a 0; the actual underlying physical disk has plenty of ambiguity to investigate which literally means the former charge is still represented within the bit. 2) words have patterns which can be used to infer what the former charge for any given bit must have been. That charge can then be subtracted to return the bit to its previous (one step back) state.
The only people who are going to go to that level of effort currently (that is, who are able to ) are governments in pursuit of criminals and criminals in pursuit of.. whatever it is criminals are interested in, depending on what their motivations are : money, ideology, carnal this and that or ego enhancement.
Probably you don't rate such attention from anyone and the technology isn't so easy and available that your personal information is at risk from the casual thief.
For SSDs however, that last statement isn't true. It may be as easy as mounting the disk for thieves to see everything you thought you had erased. This is not a theoretical worry. I did a secure erase on an SSD and later discovered that there was plenty to be seen by merely remounting the disk. You have to physically destroy SSDs at this point in time. The Secure Erase command - which should wipe the entire disk clean- is 100% dependent on the disk maker having implementing it correctly for that disk at the factory or origin. That cannot be shown through ordinary means (so you can prove it to yourself) to be the case for any given disk. You therefore have no way of knowing whether the data is gone or not, although you can prove, as I did, that the data is decidedly NOT gone.
It is difficult to wipe NTFS perfectly. Remember to wipe slack space as well. I defer to the other answers for how to do that.
Personally I have used hyperion to avoid all this mess. Perhaps it is a viable alternative. http://nullsecurity.net/tools/binary.html. Wipe the header of your packed program file a few thousand times, and flush swap by running some memory intensive program... Your program will never be recovered.
There is also the tried and true method of concatenating a program file into some DLL, or JPG, whatever is most convenient, and using a tiny program to pull it out when you need it. In my usage cases, the original files appeared intact when accessed.
When we delete files on any OS, it only delete the file list from index. Now OS have no record if file is there or not, it will write new file to older file location.
Some application like [TuneUp utility See 7th point] provide Trasher option to securely delete files.
To do this, Install TuneUp Utility
- Simple right click on any file
- Select TuneUp shredder
Now After this new small window will appear you can select the method of overwriting the file as well as Deleting the allocated free space so that all the space is filled with 0