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I use AES-128bit to encrypt files and I want to compute a HMAC for each one of the encrypted files to ensure their integrity.

Can I use directly the AES KEY to compute HMAC or should I used a derived form (eg. PBKDF2 sha256) ? In other words I wonder if the HMAC can facilitate the recovery of the AES key or not...

Thank you in advance. Best regards

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In general, the advice is always to use two unique keys for two distinct functions. The main reason is for separation of responsibilities.

Consider that your senior executives may have a very sensitive file that talks about an upcoming business deal. It needs to be encrypted so that only the other executives can read it.

However, you may need to ask a system administrator, security reviewer, or arbitrator to periodically authenticate or monitor the integrity of the files. If they're both using the same key, you can't separate those duties.

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