In my office, we have static IP's for each system. All the internet traffic from our systems are filtered with a Fortiguard firewall. Is it the default gateway where the firewall is installed? How can I find the open ports that are allowed to connect to the internet? I to ping websites but it always returns "request timed out". I guess the firewall has something to do with it.

I have admin rights on my system and nmap and Wireshark installed.

My static IP -

Default Gateway -

Subnet Mask -

closed as off-topic by schroeder, Iszi, Xander, TildalWave, tylerl May 2 '14 at 18:59

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "Questions asking us to break the security of a specific system for you are off-topic unless they demonstrate an understanding of the concepts involved and clearly identify a specific problem." – schroeder, Iszi, Xander, TildalWave, tylerl
If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    " I have admin rights in my system" but if you dont have admin-rights in your network you shouldnt think a bout or try such stuff. – that guy from over there Apr 28 '14 at 7:03
  • If you are using MS product then support.microsoft.com/kb/308127 may help you a bit – rɑːdʒɑ Apr 28 '14 at 7:13
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    A FW security policy for internet surfing should only have needed internet services for the users(http,https,email,ftp), all other traffics are dropped, thats why you get ping request timed out – hoa Apr 28 '14 at 11:53
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    @user45569: do you have a company-(security|user)-policy? why dont you just ask your network-admins? there might be various methods implemented like transparent proxies, white/blacklisting etc pp. in our company, if someone from the inside is portscanning around he/she gets some visit from an angry operations-dude. if you want to know something: ask your staff, if you want to be mister superclever, be prepared to get a bloody nose, thats what i wanted to say. – that guy from over there Apr 28 '14 at 12:33
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    As per the OP's comments to my answer, not only is the real issue not about firewalls and ports, but it is about circumventing his school's security. Voting to close. – schroeder May 2 '14 at 17:32

By using the ping command, you are using a protocol and port that is non-standard for Web traffic. Pings are commonly blocked at firewalls.

If you can browse to websites, then you have port 80 (http) open and likely port 443 (https).

What you need is a program that can do the same thing as 'ping' but not using ICMP and using specific ports that you want to test. Nmap can do that as can many other tools. The process you want to do is called 'firewalking' (walking the firewall ports to see what is allowed).

But I have to say that it sounds like you need a little more knowledge on the basics of networking before firewalking will make sense. It also sounds like you have no good reason to know what ports are allowed and that you are trying to bypass the security of your company's network.

Maybe if you explained why you need to know the ports that are open, we can be more specific...

  • @schroeder- I know the basics of networking but not an expert. What i didn't know was ping command also gets blocked by a firewall according to the rules set. I was curious about using nmap. "Firewalking"- Glad that i am learning something. I work at a lab [academic university] and bypassing the security can be done using certain VPNs. I am trying to figure out how our firewall setup works so that i can find if there is a way to disguise or a loophole that would allow me to use the same setup and browse restricted websites. Note: proxies, Tor, SSH Tunneling using putty, OpenVPN don't work – user45569 Apr 30 '14 at 11:55
  • Did i answer your question. Can you help me – user45569 May 2 '14 at 11:34
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    So, your question is really about restricted websites? That has nothing to do with firewalls or ports. That is a DNS issue. This is also a question about circumventing the security of a system, which is not allowed here. Voting to close. – schroeder May 2 '14 at 17:31
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    @schroeder - while the move to close is still valid, it is worth highlighting that circumventing the security of a system is only off topic if they don't have a basic understanding of how to do so. If they understand the concepts involved and are looking for clarification on some aspect of it, it is on topic. (For example for penetration testing.) This situation is still off topic though. – AJ Henderson May 2 '14 at 19:34

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