This question already has an answer here:
Standard security advice is:
Only download files from websites that you trust.
This implies that 1. we are active agents when downloading files from websites and 2. websites cannot download files to our computer without our interaction.
So, let's say I am using Firefox. I go to a sketchy website. Can that website download malicious content to my computer without my interaction or awareness?
I know that web browsers render content on my computer when I surf the web. In one sense then, they are always "downloading" stuff to my computer. Most of that stuff I don't consider to be a download, though. Even streaming videos, while they may cache content, are not downloads in this sense, and I assume these non-downloads do not pose a security threat.
By download, I am talking about what, by default, appears in the Downloads folder of my Windows computer. Usually, I have to click a download link, confirm that I want to save/open the file, and then watch the Firefox download progress. The downloaded file appears in my Downloads folder.
As such, I have given the download permission, I am aware as it is happening, and I can see evidence after it has happened, because it is in my Downloads folder. Further, I have to open the download before it runs. It's an interactive procedure.
Result: I feel safe on a sketchy website, if I do not initiate or accept any downloads. Am I misguided? Can downloads from websites happen without my interaction or awareness?
- without my clicking a link on a website
- without my giving permission to save/open the file
- without the Firefox download progress indicator showing a download, and
- without the download appearing in the Downloads folder.