I have seen that x.x.x.255 is reserved for broadcasting. Is it only work for broadcasting to the computer which connected to the same router? Can I broadcast to public IPs?

closed as off-topic by Xander, Adi, TildalWave, tylerl, Mark Jul 19 '14 at 20:36

This question appears to be off-topic. The users who voted to close gave this specific reason:

  • "This question does not appear to be about Information security within the scope defined in the help center." – Xander, Adi, TildalWave, tylerl, Mark
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Basically, there is not difference between local IP and public IP. By convention, the last available IP of a network always is the broadcast address. However we can imagine the ISP responsible of the network would reject any packet sent to the broadcast address, or at least limit it in order to avoid spamming.

Just test it :

foo@Bar:~$ host security.stackexchange.com
security.stackexchange.com has address
foo@Bar:~$ whois
# ...
# Some stuff
# ...
NetRange: -
# ...
# Still some stuff
# ...
foo@Bar:~$ ping -c5
PING ( 56(84) bytes of data.

--- ping statistics ---
5 packets transmitted, 0 received, 100% packet loss, time 4003ms

Here we can see that the ping was dropped. Otherwise it would have return IP addresses of some machines upon the network

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