When you do the DDoS, you will be sending a flood of information. If you fully own the server, and you are sending it from your own server, then the 'send' and 'receive' points will be fine. But you still have to account for all the other machines inbetween.
If this is fully in an internal network you own, then there shouldn't be a problem. However, even if both of these are on physical boxes that you own on your own premises or you have legally documented permission to do this by the server host, if it goes through an ISP, you will be flooding them with the same hits (though they will be able to handle it far better than your server can). This is likely outside of any agreement you have with the ISP. There is also the possibility of this data flood going through other machines located in many different legal jurisdictions, meaning you'll also need to consult a lawyer.
In general, I would do it only on a network where I owned everything. Otherwise, if you want to stress test the server (and this is within the terms of your agreement), put something up on your website everyone would want to see and go post it somewhere where you will get a large number of legitimate views.
P.S.: If your denial attack is based off so something with very low data being sent, but high server cost (say, telling the server to compute the 1000th Fibonacci using the trivial recursion method or fork bombing it, then full ownership of the server is all you'll likely needed, but I'm not sure that would count as a DDoS, just a DoS).
However, at the core, 'Am I allowed to DDOS my server?' is more of a legal question, for which case, consult the lawyers.