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I have seen numerous questions similar to the above with answers that relate to elevation of privileges to those of root. the answer and example that silverlightfox has given is one of the better defined.

The issue I am having as I try to emulate this exploit is that within my VM installation of Linux Red Hat 2.4.xx with various exploits that list source code, is that my non-root privileges on the box will not allow for compiling (gcc is installed) or executing a binary file.

unless I am way off base here, the source coded (listed by silverlightfox) and other found across the net (exploit db, etc) must be compiled and run on the target machine.

if the non-root access you get (find the username and password, remote exploit, etc) will not allow compiling or running a binary file, what other options are there to 'exploit' the source code on the target machine? I would think that metasploit would handle the automation, but as much info as I have seen about running the binary file on the target machine makes me think I am doing something way wrong.

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    Tavis Ormandy's $ORIGIN vuln is a nice reliable way to get root on older Linux. Also, if you don't have gcc on the target you may be able to compile locally and transfer the binary file to the target. Good luck! – paj28 Mar 31 '15 at 21:04
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You don't have to be root to compile and execute code. Presumably your configuration limits access to the necessary compilation toolchain such that your user can't do it.

Attackers can get around this by pre-compiling the necessary binaries or by dropping a pre-compiled compiler or interpreter of their own onto the system.

Best to start out by getting to know your system, your user environment, the tools necessary for carrying out your workflow, and how your local permissions affect it all. THEN move on to understanding how exploits work. Because unless you understand the basics, that stuff isn't going to help.

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On web servers in particular there is often no need to obtain root as the valuable information is located in the web root or in a database accessible via the web application. This also means that a low privilege backdoor such as a webshell is sufficient to maintain access should the initial vulnerability get patched.

If you wish to obtain root privileges and you cannot rely on a kernel exploit to elevate your privileges you will need to exploit a local process. Start by looking at setuid files, cronjobs, writeable directories, etc. The following script is quite handy for automating much of the initial data gathering: http://pentestmonkey.net/tools/audit/unix-privesc-check

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