Linked Questions

135
votes
6answers
224k views

Why most people use 256 bit encryption instead of 128 bit?

Isn't 128 bit security enough for most practical applications?
88
votes
4answers
18k views

Will quantum computers render AES obsolete?

This is a spin off from: Use multiple computers for faster brute force Here's at least one source which says that quantum computers are on the way to being able to break RSA in the not too distant ...
62
votes
6answers
23k views

Pattern to allow multiple persons to decrypt a document, without sharing the encryption key?

Current setup We have a service that allows users to upload documents through a website and stores the uploaded documents encrypted on disk. The documents on disk are encrypted with a per-user key, ...
32
votes
11answers
10k views

One liner to create passwords in linux?

How do you create a readable password using bash with one line? What if i'm looking for 128 bits of entropy? EDIT By readable I mean the 94 printable ascii characters (without space). It can use ...
28
votes
3answers
5k views

Use multiple computers for faster brute force [duplicate]

I've watched Mr. Robot lately and can't stop thinking why it was so hard to decrypt files encrypted using AES encryption with a 256-bit key. Let us say the only method to find the key is through brute ...
26
votes
7answers
3k views

Is sha1sum still secure for downloadable software packages signature?

We use sha1sum to calculate SHA-1 hash value of our packages. Clarification about the usage: We distribute some software packages, and we want users to be able to check that what they downloaded is ...
21
votes
6answers
4k views

Can any password hash ever be secure?

My understanding is the the main reason MD5 is insecure, is that it can be calculated too quickly, allowing too many attempts to be tried. People recommend instead using a hash that has been designed ...
22
votes
4answers
7k views

Which hash-length is more secure?

If a hash algorithm has an option for selecting the output-hash-length (e.g., 128 vs. 512 bits), and all other aspects of the hash function are the same, which hash-length is probably more secure/...
27
votes
2answers
36k views

Recommended options for LUKS (cryptsetup)

I'm looking for recommended options for cryptsetup to create fully encrypted SSD (SanDisk SSD U100 128GB), which achive: Timing O_DIRECT disk reads: 1476 MB in 3.00 seconds = 491.81 MB/sec Timing ...
22
votes
2answers
1k views

Does holding an AES-encrypted string and its cleartext from a database help an attacker in decrypting other parts of the database

I have a question regarding Encryption. Say an attacker stole my entire database. In that database all the data was encrypted. If the attacker took one piece of encrypted data and for some reason knew ...
17
votes
4answers
33k views

What do key size and block size mean in cryptography?

Can some one simply explain the meanings and the difference between symmetric key and block size. Why 64 block size not safe any more and they increase it to 128 (AES,...,Serpent)? And what about key ...
10
votes
6answers
5k views

Most secure data storage?

What is most secure data storage currently available and suggested by specialists, to store digital data in digital medium (without making hard copy of data onto paper or other type of medium, than ...
17
votes
4answers
2k views

Is there any reason someone wouldn't use a longer key?

Larger key sizes are said to be more difficult to bruteforce; is there any reason someone would then decide to instead use a smaller key? Is there any negative effect in using a larger key size, such ...
8
votes
4answers
9k views

Calculate time taken to break AES key

A 256 bit AES key is required to be broken using the brute force method on a 2GHz computer. How long would it take to break the key in the best case and in the worst case situations? Assume that 1000 ...
15
votes
4answers
4k views

Is there a length beyond which increasing password length provides no additional security?

Assuming that the password is stored hashed and salted, and that it is a string of random characters, is there a point where adding to password length doesn't add security? Since the hash will have a ...
4
votes
3answers
9k views

Brute forcing ssh keys

My problem is a common one: I deleted my SSH key, and forgot to set rm to point to a .trash file. I have the public key, and I need to get in this server. I am not doing this on anyone else's server. ...
12
votes
1answer
16k views

Will double encryption increase the security of cipher vs bruteforce?

Assume I have a function encrypt(mes,key) where mes is the message, and key is the key. The length of key is 64 bits. Last but not least: assume the only way to crack my cipher is a brute-force attack....
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do we have such big keys?

In Chapter 7 of Applied Cryptography, Bruce Schneier claims that, due to thermodynamic limitations, "brute-force attacks against 256-bit [symmetric] keys will be infeasible until computers are built ...
15
votes
2answers
22k views

Why does Google prefer ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-SHA256?

I want to configure my new mail server secure as possible and wondering about the used cipher while connecting to Googles SMTP server. I'm curious why they prefer the cipher ECDHE-RSA-AES128-GCM-...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Designing a cryptographic file-sharing protocol

As a learning project, I am trying to implement a secure way to share files with a friend over dropbox. (I am not looking for existing software, I am doing this in order to learn how to do this right.)...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Can signing too much compromise a private key?

Can a collection of many messages signed with the same private key be abused to either forge signatures so some (but not all possible) messages, or even worse to reconstruct that private key with less ...
12
votes
3answers
3k views

ProtonMail security concerns

This TED talk brought me here. First of all, to those who created ProtonMail: Nice job!!. Regardless of what people say, it's definitely a big step forward from tradition options like Hotmail, Gmail ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Unseen.is encryption claims revisited with their proprietary, patented “xAES” algorithm

I had asked last year about the encryption claims by the web service called https://unseen.is. The very same service that had claims of "beyond army level encryption", "4096 bit keys" etc. This is the ...
12
votes
2answers
2k views

How can a passphrase with 256 bits of entropy practically be constructed & memorized?

Quoting Wikipedia: A password with, say, 42 bits of strength calculated in this way would be as strong as a string of 42 bits chosen randomly[.] Assuming that interpretation is correct, combined ...
10
votes
1answer
11k views

Why is secp521r1 no longer supported in Chrome, others?

Found a few issue threads, notably for Chrome (Chromium issue #478225), and the browser does appear to have dropped support for the secp521r1 curve (can test your browser using SSLLabs). There were ...
7
votes
3answers
7k views

For how much time should I randomly move the mouse for generating encryption keys?

When creating a Truecrypt volume, there is the wizard page in which the user is told to randomly move the mouse (the longer the better) to generate entropy, and that it will significantly increase the ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Do you need more than 128-bit entropy?

UUID uses 128-bit numbers. Currently it is not feasible to randomly produce two UUIDs that are the same. Does that mean 128 bits of entropy is suitable for all cryptographic operations? I would ...
8
votes
1answer
8k views

PGP RSA key size - encryption/decryption time

From what I've read, PGP only uses the pub/priv keys for encrypting/decrypting a symmetric key used for actually encrypting/decrypting data. I'd reasonably assume that longer asymmetric keys wouldn't ...
5
votes
1answer
7k views

Is there a maximum allowed key size in the USA?

I've heard that using encryption outside military use has been illegal for a long time in the USA. However, I've also heard that when the regulation was updated, limits were put on encryption strength ...
5
votes
2answers
3k views

Are RSA 2048, ECDSA, and the SHA uncrackable in the sense that AES-256 is uncrackable?

The answer https://security.stackexchange.com/a/25392 has seemingly shown that AES-256 will not be directly cracked for at least the next 200 years (unless we manage to harvest the energy output of ...

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