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Questions tagged [audit]

For questions about the assessment of software, hardware, systems, people, processes, procedures, projects, etc, that are somehow related to the security of an organization or product. Often these are related to a certification the organization or product holds, or looking for tools or processes for performing an audit.

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Design review/criticism of secure master-workers system

I am designing a system which will have one main process/service (master) which can potentially offload part of it's work to N number of external remote processes (workers). I want the worker ...
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Nessus Scan failed: 5.2 Ensure 'file_priv' Is Not Set to 'Y' for Non-Administrative Users

Taking a look at the failure Description: The File_priv privilege found in the mysql.user table is used to allow or disallow a user from reading and writing files on the server host. Any user with the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
117 views

OpenSCAP Tailoring - Possible to change rule severity

Is it possible to change the severity of a rule using an OpenSCAP tailoring/customization file? UPDATE (2022-04-13): refine-rule seems like it could solve this but cannot find any documentation for ...
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31 views

Use of JWT Token in open source project

I'm currently performing a code audit for an application that a company will release to the public as open-source in the next few days. In this application, they use a JWT token for authentication and ...
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Is Antiforgery Validation really needed for Login page when external return URL is not allowed?

I fallen in a scenario that User opens two tabs for login page and try to login on both Instead of showing an error message to user (I can't think of a good meaningful message to explain antiforgery ...
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1 vote
1 answer
138 views

What's suspicious about this event log?

I got an event that something is wrong with, but I don't understand what exactly. { "EventTime":"2021-11-22 21:05:45", "Hostname":"pc2", "...
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0 votes
1 answer
95 views

LAN Only Webserver

I am on a 192.x.x.x network and have a local server that hosts some webapps for the local users of the network. The server is running: Ubuntu VPN Nginx Reverse Proxy with the site.conf including: ...
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2 votes
1 answer
72 views

Security requirements for small tax software business

I have a client who does payroll and taxes and is looking for a web app to easily communicate and transfer tax related documents for clients. I would assume that the IRS or someone would have some ...
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0 answers
72 views

Tips for auditing/finding a better/trusted source for an anonymous but open source network device linux driver from some random github repo

Maybe because I am a cheap bastard or just because I saw no better alternative in the market in terms of reported performance and functionality vs. size, I bought this USB bluetooth/WiFi5 dongle: ...
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Security Reporting Tool - Centralising Office 365 Security across Multiple Tenants

So let me paint the picture prior to asking the question: I'm part of an MSP who service a lot of clients managing 50+ Microsoft Office 365 Tenants. We have baseline security policies and structures ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to perform security audit of a web service that uses google cloud's external HTTP(s) load balancer?

An independent security auditor discovered many open ports by using nmap while auditing a web service deployed on GCP. The service is a Cloud Run instance behind an HTTP(s) load balancer. The auditor ...
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Lynis Audit Difference Between Found Known Binary and Just Found

When I run a Lynis audit of my Xubuntu system, under System Tools, binary scan, most of the binaries are returned as Found known binary: package (pkg category) - /path/to/binary But under /usr/bin ...
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1 answer
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Third party consultants background checks, NDA signing etc for SOC-2

We are a SOC-2 compliant company. We used to have all full time employees till now, hence we could do our due diligence on all the hired employees e.g. Background checks, reference checks, getting NDA ...
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1 vote
1 answer
257 views

How could I know if a website is fingerprinting you via WebGL?

I would like to know if a website is fingerprinting me via WebGL, first of all, knowing if the site is doing it Knowing when they send the request to my browser Knowing what value I am reporting to ...
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1 answer
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Do the organisational policies need to have ownership to ensure accountability?

Policies are the high-level statement from Senior Management. It's a philosophy for the management to be guided by, and management has the direction to plan, build, run and monitor the activities to ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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What alternative standard for ISO 27001 can be used in Australia?

I am looking for alternatives, that are less strict and less time consuming, than ISO 27001. Australia is in the Commonwealth, so maybe Cyber Essentials Plus could work, but I do not know if that ...
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1 vote
1 answer
148 views

What information should I collect when a user performs an action on a website? [closed]

In the development of an organization's web system (containing sensitive information) with credentials, where the actions carried out must be monitored, what information should I keep when each action ...
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1 answer
144 views

Synology logs SMB "Read" event false positives

We recently switched to a Synology enterprise setup at work and we're hoping to benefit from the additional logging that comes with Synology software. In response to a security incident, I found log ...
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1 vote
0 answers
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AuditD and SysCall alerts

Given an alert rule like -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -k access how does adding multiple SysCalls (-S) options work? When an application gets executed do all the ...
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0 votes
1 answer
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How to start pentesting/reverse engineering/cracking a software on Linux? (Docker based) [closed]

TL:DR; What are good learning resources for security testing a software which runs with Docker on Ubuntu. I am in junior position at this company, and they figured it would be good if I just test ...
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2 votes
1 answer
108 views

PCI scope for a Direct-Post e-commerce site (SAQ A-EP)

An e-commerce site uses the Direct-Post method (see page 14 PCI e-commerce security). Is the server for the e-commerce application and network it resides on in scope for PCI? There are questions in ...
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1 vote
1 answer
455 views

auditd rules for both 64-bit (b64) and 32-bit (b32) architectures

I'm looking at the OpenSCAP Security Guide for CentOS 7: https://static.open-scap.org/ssg-guides/ssg-centos7-guide-index.html Under "Record File Deletion Events by User" (as an example), it ...
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8 votes
2 answers
265 views

Do people even exist who actually vet all the updates to their open source software?

A year or so ago, I set up this system which, whenever Composer (that's PHP's packet/library update manager) fetched new updates to my few (but critically required) third-party libraries, created a ...
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-1 votes
2 answers
129 views

Election security is considered one of the most difficult problems in computer security [closed]

Not just electronic voting, but in election security general. I think it part is because there are many components to it, and it has many components that could be compromised. What are some of the top ...
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2 answers
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Is there any such thing as an independent code vetting project which works for free to vet open source projects?

I'm sure I'm not the only one who is scared to death to blindly trust random strangers with all my data. Which is the case in practice if, for example, I'm to use this library right now, which I'm ...
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1 vote
1 answer
116 views

Is it possible to ensure detection and logging of all attempts to copy data out of a system?

I am cross-posting this question from Serverfault, because I am in doubt where it fits best. Say I have a server set up for processing sensitive data. The few authorised users of the system are ...
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0 votes
2 answers
115 views

Logging SSH commands on Linux - is custom kernel the only way?

I've done some research and it looks like that the way linux keeps history is less about security and audit and more about helping the user. Even after making changes to instantly log the command and ...
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4 votes
1 answer
123 views

Need help collating resources for an information/cyber security audit document for an MSP

I am currently serving out an internship with a small MSP (4 employees, 50-100 clients with between a couple and 100 employees). My main project is to work on a information/cyber security audit ...
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0 votes
1 answer
105 views

Monitoring User (developer) interaction

I'm looking for a "tamper proof" way, if there is such a thing, to monitor what a developer/engineer does on a given system. To expand a bit more about this, we have several systems that run ...
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3 votes
1 answer
301 views

Getting numerous HEAD requests by Java user agents to resources that require authentication to view within a web application. Should I block them?

I have recently started using Cloudflare's firewall in front of a web application. This app has a limited user base of selected applicants and they must log in to view anything. There is no public ...
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0 votes
1 answer
154 views

Difference between Web App Pentesting and Web App Security Audit

I'm having a hard time drawing the line between Web App pentesting vs a Web App Security Audit. For instance, OWASP Testing Guide could be used for both of those cases. Let's say the pentester and ...
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0 votes
1 answer
117 views

IT security audit : is threat modelling key to reproducible success of just following a methodology (ex : ethical hacking)

To sum up the methodology of ethical hacking, what you do is : Information gathering (gets the IP, domains, etc...) Fingerprint the IP (what OS, what services are running, etc...) Vulnerability ...
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0 votes
1 answer
102 views

How can Linux service installation page create an attack surface?

Based on one of the lectures of Planning, Auditing and Maintaining Enterprise system course by Greg Williams (Department of computer science university of Colorado): Let's say they were installing ...
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4 votes
1 answer
882 views

Is it insecure to expose private bucket names through signed URL?

AWS provides signed url to objects in bucket.On backend we can connect with AWS and create such signed urls and send to front-endJust discussing this one use case where we use that signed url to make ...
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0 votes
0 answers
144 views

Is attribute-based encryption safe for production use?

I'm very interested in attribute-based encryption (ABE). I see various working examples online, and I want to know, has it been verified as production-ready? What does it mean to have a security audit,...
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0 votes
0 answers
125 views

How to Ask for More Transparency from Companies Handling Our Personal Data

A company's asked me to submit a scan of my passport claiming KYC (Know Your Customer) and AML (Anti-money Laundering) purposes. In times of daily data breaches, what can we ask for a company to be ...
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1 vote
0 answers
85 views

saving entire Windows event log for auditing & preserve digital evidence

As an admin one gets tasked with configuring [Microsoft Windows 10] computers so that auditing is enabled and captures all events as required by some list that's already defined and handed down. ...
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87 votes
6 answers
20k views

How am I ever going to be able to "vet" 120,000+ lines of Composer PHP code not written by me? [duplicate]

I depend on PHP CLI for all kinds of personal and (hopefully, soon) professional/mission-critical "business logic". (This could be any other language and the exact same problem would still stand; I'm ...
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0 votes
3 answers
231 views

Providing password review results to auditors

The IT Security department is getting audited and the auditor had approached our IT Security team and requests to see results of the password review process, which compares existing database of ...
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3 votes
1 answer
208 views

When a closed-source company hires somebody to audit their code, is the auditor forced to do it in the company's office?

Let's say that ACME, Inc. is making closed-source software. It's closed for a reason (they don't want it leaving their building other than in compiled form). Now, they are hiring some company/person ...
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4 votes
3 answers
388 views

How do we cross-verify if the device is doing exactly what it is supposed to do?

How do we know any device is doing what it is supposed to do? For example, Android is an open-source OS (ignore google libraries for now) and they do claim that all passwords will only be stored on ...
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0 votes
0 answers
100 views

Sony Access Log (Playstation Network) does not exists

Yesterday my wife receive some emails from Sony confirming her purchases on Playstation Network. The only problem is: she was with my side watching Netflix on the smart Tv. The purchased items is a ...
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0 votes
1 answer
539 views

Rails File.open(#{Rails.root}) is vulnerable to LFI?

I am performing White Box testing on Rails application with static code analyzing tools like brakeman, I came across an instance where the developer is loading images using file.open. file = File....
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1 vote
1 answer
159 views

Security requirement for an R&D team [closed]

I have an R&D team that has been recently set up. I have been asked to help out with the cyber-security requirements for the department. They require access to anything and everything available on ...
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0 votes
1 answer
136 views

Is it ok and useful to keep a security audit report after completing an audit?

I recently ran a couple of security audits for some friends, and was thinking about doing some more. Before I do though, I wanted to know whether I should keep the audit reports and, if so, how? I ...
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1 vote
1 answer
282 views

Security and the Definition of Ready and Done [closed]

Currently I am in a project where I have to test REST APIs among other things. In another question of mine I also discussed the topics Definition of Ready and Definition of Done regarding security. ...
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0 votes
2 answers
195 views

Rest API Security Guideline. Developer Rules? [closed]

In my current project I am also setting up the area of security testing. So far there was no way to use security within the REST API development. Beside the known approach, e.g. using static software ...
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0 votes
1 answer
164 views

Security test within a staging environment. Is SOAPUI sufficient as a test tool?

Currently I am working on a project in which I am supposed to define the following aspects as a test manager: Conception of a penetration test for a test staging environment Planning security ...
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1 vote
1 answer
112 views

Tool to prepare report of security auditing [closed]

I was doing dorking on my friend's website to make sure there is no leak of information that is not meant to be. I found domains and sub-domains in search results. Is their a tool which can help me ...
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0 votes
2 answers
797 views

How to perform a security test/review/penetration testing of Ethernet ports?

I have been engaged by a client who wants its Ethernet ports checked to determine whether port security is functioning effectively. What can be the approach or steps to do check Ethernet port ...
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