Questions tagged [bios]

Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) is a software that is stored on a non-volatile ROM chip on the motherboard and BIOS is the first code run by a PC when powered on.

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18
votes
2answers
9k views

Can BIOS malware be installed from OS?

Can an OS vulnerability be exploited to install BIOS/UEFI/firmware malware (such as a keylogger)? I know BIOS is a "deeper" level than the OS. I know firmware based keyloggers exist. I know they can ...
20
votes
2answers
6k views

Tamper-proof BIOS password & settings storage with Trusted Platform Module?

In the olden days, one could trivially bypass BIOS passwords on most PCs by removing the BIOS battery and clearing the CMOS. My question is: On modern PCs equipped with a Trusted Platform Module (TPM)...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

What use does a BIOS/EFI password have?

I have become quite a password-obsessed individual. I password-protect my HDDs, my files, and now even the BIOS/EFI on the various systems I own. But I have discovered that if you forget your BIOS ...
9
votes
4answers
6k views

Viruses on video cards?

Steve Gibson of Security Now fame claims that viruses can attack a video card and infect it. I assume that he means it can infect the Video BIOS. However I'm skeptical. BIOSes are so numerous and ...
6
votes
2answers
15k views

Is it possible for malware to be in the BIOS or in hardware?

Is it possible for malware to be written in the BIOS section and loaded on every fresh Windows Install? If it is possible, can this affect Linux (Ubuntu and others) operating systems as well?
12
votes
1answer
6k views

How to check the integrity of my BIOS?

Could it be possible that a virus rewrites my BIOS with some malicious code? If so, how could I protect against it, or at least how can I check that the BIOS hasn't been modified?
11
votes
3answers
914 views

Sourcing hardware that is least likely to contain backdoors

I understand that CPU silicon (for example) is scrutinized for backdoors but there are other aspects of a computer system that may "leak data" to the outside world unbeknownst to the owner regardless ...
14
votes
2answers
4k views

Write-protection at hardware level for security

It seems to me that to maximise server security, one ought - in addition to the usual security measures implemented in software - to prevent the overwriting of certain parts of the server system, such ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

Protecting the BIOS from malware [closed]

The BIOS operates at a lower level than the OS, so antivirus software cannot scan it. Is there any other security software that we should use to protect the BIOS?
20
votes
2answers
15k views

Bypassing the BIOS password

Are there any reliable methods that allow an attacker to bypass a BIOS password, or alter BIOS settings without entering the password? A few ideas come to mind: The old battery trick (remove battery,...
8
votes
5answers
3k views

Besides MBR & BIOS, is it possible for a rootkit to stay persistent after a format of the hard drive?

If a system becomes infected and does not have any other storage units besides the one hard drive. Is it there any other way for a rootkit to stay on the system besides infecting the BIOS OR the MBR ...
23
votes
7answers
38k views

Detecting and removing Absolute persistence technology

Absolute persistence technology amounts to a persistent rootkit pre-installed by many device manufacturers (Acer, Asus, Dell, HP, Lenovo, Samsung, Toshiba, etc) to facilitate LoJack for laptops, and ...
46
votes
4answers
11k views

Does adding a password to BIOS prevent malware from infecting it?

I'm looking into ways of hardening a computer's security. One of the things is the BIOS. Does adding a password to the BIOS prevent malware from infecting it? I have seen this article: Protecting ...
14
votes
4answers
17k views

Unlock hard drive vs full-disk encryption

When I turn my notebook on, it asks me for the password to unlock the BIOS and than it asks me for the password to unlock the hard drive. How different is this 'password to unlock the hard drive' ...
13
votes
4answers
13k views

Is it possible to make one processor look like another?

(aka) Is it possible to hack CPUID instruction or BIOS to make it show wrong CPU information? Yesterday, I was having a chat with computer sales guy. He is little close to me. During the conversation ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Is it possible to determine if the BIOS has been modified between two points in time?

Is it possible to determine if the BIOS of a computer has been modified between two points in time from that computer while it's running ? Effectively I'd like to be able to gather the equivalent of ...
1
vote
2answers
243 views

Can a running kernel be protected by underlying rings, BIOS etc?

I mostly found examples the other way around: compromising the OS e.g. through a compromised BIOS or Intel ME. But are there known examples where stuff runs underneath the kernel and can be used to ...
8
votes
2answers
17k views

Samsung SSD 850 EVO. Best way to protect personal data against thiefs

I'm wondering what is the best way to protect my personal data stored on Samsung SSD 850 EVO in Linux? I did some research and found this. To set an ATA password, simply access the BIOS, navigate ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Lighteater - BIOS/UEFI vulnerable

I am currently a bit confused, I have read today an article about the BIOS-rootkit Lighteater made by John Loucaides and Andrew Furtaki. In their presentation 'How many million BIOSes would you like ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How BIOS password stored internally?

Is password hashed before saving to CMOS? Which hash algorithm is used? How much storage is dedicated for passwords? What is about passwords of SSD with AES? Does BIOS save it inside drive (just ...
4
votes
3answers
5k views

Will setting a BIOS Password Protect the TPM?

I have Windows 10 on a Dell Precision Laptop, Bitlocker Drive Encryption set up for my system drive with TPM only and I do not want 20-number long PIN, but I want a password (like I had in TrueCrypt, ...
3
votes
1answer
654 views

Can BIOS firmware log keyboard input? If so, is there any way to detect and prevent it?

Recently I purchased a server board made by Lenovo with a "Intel Management Engine" inside BIOS. It is said that it is able to intercept and redirect keyboard input, even if an operating system is ...
2
votes
2answers
490 views

What happens after setting up HDD password?

I am wondering what happens when I set HDD password in my laptop (Samsung with ssd). I mean a given case. I have been having working system without any password. Then one day I decide to set up HDD ...
4
votes
1answer
341 views

Is booting from a freshly downloaded linux CD safe from trojans?

Let's say you're using Windows 7. For storing Bitcoin on your computer ... is downloading a fresh copy of linux (say Ubuntu), burning it into a CD, booting from it ... safe from trojans? Are there ...
3
votes
3answers
483 views

Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios?

Is multi-factor authentication supported by any current bios'es? Update What I want to do is to make it impossible to go into the bios setup without both a password and another factor. It would ...
2
votes
1answer
408 views

Feasibility of infecting notebook BIOS with virus?

I bought my computer in 2011. From 2011 to 2015 the computer was accessible to a cousin of mine who is a developer. He doesn't work with IT security, but has more than a decade of experience ...
0
votes
1answer
187 views

Can BIOS virus/malware be used to steal data?

Since a BIOS isn't connected to the internet, even if your BIOS is infected with a malware (say you used a usb to flash it but with files that wasn't from the official motherboard manufacturer's site)...