Questions tagged [bitlocker]

A logical volume encryption feature included with specific versions of Microsoft Windows Vista and later.

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BitLocker Sleep/Hiberate Settings for DMA protection

The Bitlocker the guidance from Microsoft is to disable sleep states and use hibernate in combination with TPM + PIN for elevated security against cold boot and DMA attacks. Unfortunately this is ...
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How to get the Bitlocker password if I have the recovery key and can unlock the drive

I can unlock the drive with the recovery key, but I want to know what the password was. Can I find out what the Bitlocker password is if I have the recovery key?
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What is the purpose of the Volume Master Key in BitLocker?

From this FAQ, I understand that BitLocker uses the following keys to encrypt the hard-drive: Full Volume Encryption Key (FVEK) (used to encrypt raw data; encrypted by the volume master key and ...
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How sufficient are these steps to prevent deleted SSD files from being recovered?

I'm selling a 4-year-old Dell PC with Windows 10 and two SSDs and I want to be sure that nobody can recover anything from my personal deleted files. So far I've done the following. Completely ...
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Non-obvious Mitigations for This DMA-Attack Demonstrated by F-Secure

Are there any non-obvious mitigations for the big DMA-attack revealed last year and demonstrated in this video by F-Secure? We know that Microsoft has published some material pertaining to DMA-...
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BIOS Password vs. BitLocker Pre-boot PIN

I'm attempting to ensure maximum security for my PC. I'm running Windows 10 Pro on a business-class HP notebook. Unless I'm mistaken, I understand that both a BIOS password and the BitLocker pre-boot ...
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1answer
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How does Windows use the TPM for BitLocker encryption without an attacker being able to do the same?

How does Windows use the TPM for BitLocker encryption without an attacker being able to do the same? From this FAQ, I understand that BitLocker uses the following keys to encrypt the hard-drive: ...
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1answer
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Windows BitLocker- Is the drive Password the same as the Key used by AES to encrypt the drive?

I am using BitLocker on my Win10. I encryted my usb drive using my Windows BitLocker with a strong password. I know that Bitlocker uses AES-~256 bit key for encryption. My question what is the key ...
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Microsoft Bitlocker Decryption interrupted. Cannot decrypt again

I've locked on of my USB drive with BitLocker. When I was decrypting(removing BitLocker), my PC went off due to power cut in the halfway of decryption. Now, when I'm trying again to decrypt using ...
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1answer
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Bitlocker, does additional authentication at startup with TPM device provide any extra security?

Will enabling additional authentication on startup provide any extra security with Bitlocker? At the moment, my laptop boots straight into a Windows login where I use a pin. If I chose to not use pin, ...
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1answer
178 views

BitLocker Encrypted Hard drive without UEFI/BIOS Password set?

My laptop is encrypted with BitLocker with TPM-Only protection and Secure Boot is enabled. Since I do not have any UEFI password set to prevent changes to the UEFI firmware settings, will an attacker ...
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Force user to remove USB token

I'm looking at setting up secure laptops using BitLocker with pre-boot PIN and startup key. I'm wondering if there is a way to force the user, who is remote, to remove the USB with the startup key ...
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Is it ill-advised to use the same password for lock screen and full disk encryption (Windows 10 BitLocker)?

I am wondering which attacks can be prevented by using a different password for the lock screen and full disk encryption. The goal is to prevent people from accessing my data. The details of my setup ...
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1answer
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Risk of removing the PIN from Bitlocker

Microsoft's implementation of BitLocker for hard drive encryption/protection and integrity supports multiple ways to boot into the system. I will list 3: TPM chip (those that support it) without Pre-...
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1answer
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Why Bitlocker requires partition on some computers but not all

We have HP desktop computers all identical. I setup Bitlocker encryption on one, no partition was required and the computer was fully encrypted. Second computer gave me a different result, Bitlocker ...
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1answer
105 views

BitLocker To Go password strength

When using BitLocker To Go, given that removable drives are inherently offline and may have to resist such attacks, what are the best practices / recommendations for password strength?
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BitLocker Recovery Key and Microsoft Account Password

I have a Windows 10 Pro machine; the administrator (and only) account is a Microsoft account. I am trying to set up BitLocker to ensure maximum security and safety, even from Microsoft. I understand ...
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1answer
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Backing up an encypted drive on an encrypted drive

I have searched, and have been unable to find an adequate answer to my question. My apologies as I'm sure this is a relatively elementary question for the users here. I have encrypted my Windows 10 ...
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329 views

Where is Bitlocker encryption key stored in USB? [closed]

I have a USB that contains the Bitlocker key. When I open USB I dont see any files inside. How can I move the Bitlocker key to another USB?
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How to prevent Windows Update from suspending BitLocker encrytion?

I was quite shocked today to see that a Windows 10 Pro machine that I recently set up with BitLocker (startup PIN + TPM with full disk encryption) suddenly didn't have BitLocker enabled anymore: And ...
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Samsung EVO 970 SSD on laptop without TPM - secure erase, is the drive encrypted?

I have a Dell XPS 9550. This was shipped without a TPM. I have since installed a Samsung 970 EVO SSD which as I understand is a self-encrypting drive (SED) and, what I am not sure about is, it can be ...
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How does TPM and BitLocker work together?

When a computer has a TPM module, BitLocker doesn't seem to require a password, which makes me really uncomfortable. Where's the key coming from? What's preventing someone from grabbing the key by ...
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Does full disk encryption offer mitigation in the case of the firmware of an SSD being compromised?

Suppose the firmware of an SSD or HDD has been compromised by rogue actors either through "interdiction" (interception) or via the internet. They are able to exfiltrate data and conduct surveillance ...
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What are the considerations when migrating from Bitlocker to Veracrypt?

We are currently evaluating migrating from BitLocker to VeraCrypt. Based on the most recent update to VeraCrypt, there appears to be support for UEFI/GPT. Additionally, it seems that decryption isn't ...
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1answer
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How to protect devices that are reliant on Bitlocker and a password without TPM?

In working with a number of non-profit organizations, devices such as laptops used by staff are encrypted using Bitlocker. Unfortunately since the devices (often donated) do not feature TPM, Bitlocker ...
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Startup PIN security considerations for BitLocker

I plan to implement Bitlocker encryption on my devices, but I wonder how to achieve the highest possible security against offline attacks. I understood the following: I can enable TPM based ...
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Can BitLocker simply be bypassed by just “waiting long enough” till it auto suspends due an update?

When you get an automatic feature or even only cumulative Windows 10 update with an activated BitLocker (password protected) system partition BitLocker will prompt you afterwards from the system tray ...
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Encrypting my hard drive using bitlocker

I would like to encrypt my C drive using bitLocker which is the only partition on my windows 10 computer. Is it better to separate the disk into partitions, for example: a partition for the OS and ...
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1answer
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What is the relationship between Windows BitLocker and Hasleo BitLocker Anywhere?

Whilst researching alternatives to BitLocker which work on Windows 10 Home, I came across a product called "BitLocker Anywhere" from Hasleo. Since they use such similar names I was trying to figure ...
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How does Bitlocker + TPM prevent me seeing the HDD contents with another OS?

I've googled the heck out of this, and have read multiple related questions on this site, but I'm still missing a crucial piece of the puzzle. I have a (work) laptop with Win10 Pro which is encrypted ...
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1answer
1k views

What is the safest way to use Bitlocker with TPM?

I started using bitlocker yesterday and I have a TPM2.0 in my laptop. I enabled the option to enter a pin when starting and I enabled the option to use AES256 before encrypting. I don't really ...
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553 views

What are BitLocker requirements against computer theft?

I'm using Windows 10 Pro edition and took the following actions: I've set up Bitlocker on both disks using the TPM (2.0) to boot the computer. I've also set a Windows password and I have no guest ...
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Is it viable to encrypt a 'bitlocked' drive again? [duplicate]

If one had an encrypted drive using Bitlocker, is it worth it to encrypt that drive again using another tool like VeraCrypt? Does this provide an extra layer of protection? Not a duplicate of a ...
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How does Bitlocker encrypt a drive while it is being used?

By this I mean performing file transfers, downloads etc., I haven't read anywhere of this having an effect on how Bitlocker encrypts the drive. Also, how does Bitlocker handle the constant amount of ...
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1answer
2k views

BitLocker on Windows 10 Home

If I encrypt a flash drive using BitLocker on a Windows 10 Pro (With BitLocker supported and installed) device and put it in compatible mode, can I enter the key and read/write to and to/from it from ...
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1answer
426 views

Do pre-boot software keyloggers exist?

Let's sat for example that I have a laptop with just one hard drive running Windows 10. The Laptop's C:\ (boot) drive is encrypted using Bitlocker, and it set up to ask for a PIN on start to decrypt ...
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1answer
809 views

How are Bitlocker FDE keys stored in the TPM?

If you are using Windows 10 Pro Bitlocker FDE with a TPM and enhanced PIN (= passphrase): How do the keys in the TPM get stored? Are they stored as plaintext or hashvalue or 'again' encrypted?
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BitLocker vs BestCrypt

I have managed to activate BitLocker without TPM support on my Windows 10 installation. Is there any security advantage of using this over BestCrypt (paid)? To be noted that I'm only interested in ...
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Bitlocker without admin privileges

Are admin privileges a must to be able to encrypt your files with Bitlocker? So far I just found one comment on the internet that says it's possible without a problem but no other source to verify ...
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1answer
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How can I unlock drive without the password or recovery key of Bitlocker? [duplicate]

Is it possible to unlock my drive without the password or recovery key of Bitlocker? If so, how? I tried Elcomsoft forensic software but I'm not able to decrypt it without using the password or ...
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1answer
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BitLocker: CBC vs XTS and FIPS 140-2

I have a twofold question, first when choosing between AES-CBC and AES-XTS which is more secure. From my reading XTS is more secure in some respects but not in others when compared to CBC. Second are ...
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1answer
893 views

How secure is bitlocker with a pin when whole machine is stolen?

I assume if I use Bitlocker on Windows 10 on a laptop with a TPM chip without a password, then if the laptop gets stolen, then the attacker can simply turn the machine on and then he gets to the ...
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1answer
441 views

Does a bitlocker pin become part of the key?

I recently added a pin to my bitlocker encryption and this seemed to be pretty much instant. In what way is this pin an actual part of the key that is needed to decrypt the hard drive? Or is it used ...
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ROCA attack on TPM - public key extraction

I was reading about the ROCA attack, and how a lot of software is vulnerable. Apparently Bitlocker from Microsoft is also vulnerable, because it protects its keys with SRK of (ROCA vulnerable) TPM. ...
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1answer
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Is full disk encryption per disk or per partition?

This is mostly a general question about full disk encryption, but I have bitlocker in mind. What does it mean when people say full disk encryption? Because I imagined that it literally encrypts the ...
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707 views

Recover a bitlocker encrypted hard drive

I have a laptop that died and the hard drive is encrypted with bitlocker. My company does not want to restore the drive. If I remove the drive and put it into a housing and try to read it from ...
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1answer
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Is a TPM module insecure if not soldered to the board?

I am looking into Bitlocker for my headless Microserver N54l with windows server 2016 on it. I saw that the n54l has no TPM module, but I can buy one and plug it to the board. I am interested in it ...
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1answer
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Is it possible to extract secrets from a TPM without knowing the PIN?

I understand the general operation of a TPM, and in particular the interest of using a pre-boot PIN: if someone gets access to the machine (turned off), turning on the computer will not be enough to ...
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1answer
457 views

Windows 10 FIPS140 Bitlocker without using System Cryptography policy

We have an app that makes use of Non FIPS compliant AES256 System.Cryptography calls. My question is, can Bitlocker be FIPS140 compliant on a PC, but not need the FIPS algorithm set for .NET calls? ...
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Removing files from drive while encrypting with Bitlocker

I have a 4 TB external hard disk with 200 GB files on it. I started the encryption process with Bitlocker, but it is taking too long. Can I pause the encryption process, move the 200 GB from the ...