Skip to main content
Share Your Experience: Take the 2024 Developer Survey

Questions tagged [boot]

"Booting" is the process of starting up a computer from the OFF state. This tag is for attacks and security measures relating to the startup routine of computer hardware, firmware, or operating systems.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
1 answer
56 views

Why is the boot key used to access the encrypted SAM database hashes?

A quick something I’ve been wondering: why is the boot key used to access the encrypted SAM database hashes, (and not another key,) and also what encryption mechanism is actually used to encrypt the ...
security_paranoid's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
149 views

Creating bootable USB from a compromised OS. Is it safe?

If we buy for instance a laptop with an OS pre-installed e.g. Ubuntu and but the original seller was not reputable and there are doubts with the preinstall. My question is: if we use the laptop to ...
Jim's user avatar
  • 183
4 votes
1 answer
220 views

How does measured boot work using TPM

Within the measured boot process, consider a scenario where I aim to create a measurement for a specific piece of code, perhaps, for illustrative purposes, a potentially malicious operating system. so ...
ezio's user avatar
  • 141
0 votes
2 answers
114 views

Isolating encrypted and unecnrypted Windows installations and protecting the boot loader

I want to use my PC both for gaming and for stuff like keeping cryptocurrency wallets, online banking, etc. I need to install games as admin but of course I don't want them to be able to access my ...
Vlad's user avatar
  • 101
2 votes
1 answer
378 views

In a secure boot bootloader chain, does a bootloader image contain the RootCA certificate of the next bootloader?

This is coming from Qualcomm's Secure Boot explanation. https://www.qualcomm.com/content/dam/qcomm-martech/dm-assets/documents/secure-boot-image-authentication_11.30.16.pdf Within it, it explains that ...
itsmarziparzi's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
353 views

Using a TPM for host authentication during PXE boot

I have a stateless machine that is PXE booting from some host, and I'm curious if there is some clever way to achieve host authentication by only using the TMP (No UEFI Secure Boot). For obvious ...
David Davidson's user avatar
47 votes
2 answers
12k views

Does rebooting a phone daily increase your phone's security?

Recently, the Australian Prime Minister Anthony Albanese gave some advice to regularly reboot your phone to boost its security. Apparently this advice is somewhat commonly given to legislators. This ...
Cold Fish's user avatar
  • 573
0 votes
1 answer
144 views

Will using a hard drive with the MBR virus cause the main system to be infected?

If I have an old hard drive and assume it has an MBR virus. If I install it on my computer using a SATA cable as the D drive to store data, will my system drive (C drive) be affected by the MBR virus?
Hanbi's user avatar
  • 21
0 votes
1 answer
263 views

If I disable CSM (Compatibility Support Module) in UEFI settings, will it protect me from malware that infected MBR boot sector?

As far as I understand, when in CSM mode, UEFI boots using MBR boot sector (from internal hard drive, external USB Flash drive, etc). And when in non-CSM mode, UEFI ignores whole existence of MBR boot ...
KarmaPeasant's user avatar
1 vote
3 answers
539 views

Understanding FDE: Is the encrypted Linux protected against a compromised boot volume?

I use this initramfs-based FDE on my headless server. My motivation is to secure my system against physical tampering. I am aware that securing an untrusted hardware is not possible. This question is ...
pico_prob's user avatar
  • 113
0 votes
1 answer
962 views

Boot virus on GPT?

I remember that some rare viruses can hide in MBR(it's 512bytes space). It's difficult to be detected and even if I reinstall operating system, the virus won't disappear. But how about it on the new ...
Hanbi's user avatar
  • 21
2 votes
1 answer
218 views

How do you boot from the network using https?

How do you boot a Linux live image from a CDN using Https as boot protocol? The reason for netbooting using a CDN would be to start fresh with a non persistent operating system image. Booting fresh ...
Christian's user avatar
  • 265
1 vote
1 answer
179 views

Is it possible to allow only a certain secure USB boot media to boot an UEFI system?

I want to restrict all USB boot media from my system, except for a certain USB boot drive that I declare secure via a certain key. Is this possible using UEFI/Secure Boot/TPM? Maybe via TPM? TPM gets ...
JohnnyFromBF's user avatar
  • 1,413
0 votes
1 answer
214 views

OS on external drive -- is it safe?

So I'm installing macOS to my external hard drive partition, so I can have a 100% clean environment where I can engage with cryptocurrencies. (Exchanges, stable coins, protocols, putting actual money ...
user277849's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
209 views

Is grub implementation of secure boot inherently flawed?

Definitions Grub is the second stage bootloader often found in Linux distributions. shim is the first bootloader ran by the ROM firmware. It is signed by Microsoft. ROM firmware is the code embedded ...
TheMeaningfulEngineer's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
419 views

Microsoft site iso download flagged by Defender as hacktool while creating bootable USB through rufus [closed]

Iso of 32 bit Windows 10 professional english version downloaded from Microsoft's website by using chrome's developer tools to spoof a chromeOS signature, so as to avoid using Microsoft's download ...
Jonathan Damora's user avatar
3 votes
1 answer
3k views

Are there any Linux distributions with enabled TPM2 and full disk encryption setups

I have been searching the web to find a Linux distribution, preferrably a rolling release one as I'm otherwise hooked on the concepts in Arch Linux, with automated steps to setup full disk encryption (...
tirithen's user avatar
  • 131
0 votes
0 answers
141 views

How to execute Android verified boot during first boot after updating OS in Android?

I need to execute AVB (Android verified boot) during first boot after updating Android OS. BOARD_AVB_ENABLE = true is already present in the mk file device/hikey/common/BoardConfigCommon.mk in the ...
Abracadabra's user avatar
14 votes
6 answers
8k views

What's stopping someone from copying my HDD/SSD?

Let's say I have to leave my computer unattended and turned off for a while with some strangers, is it possible for someone to clone my HDD and SSD data?
Gem's user avatar
  • 265
1 vote
1 answer
1k views

Will encrypting a dual boot OS prevent viruses from spreading between the two?

Will encrypting a dual boot OS prevent viruses from spreading between the two? Also does linux have any MBR viruses? Will locking the bios in Windows and GRUB stop viruses from attaching and ...
Rideboards's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
290 views

Is it easy to create persistent programs that run before Android's boot? (in firmware maybe)

I've been wondering about which level of trust I can apply to a used phone bought from someone else. I can easily unlock the bootloader and flash a brand new Android. However, what about firmware ...
Paprika's user avatar
  • 113
1 vote
0 answers
121 views

Aren't these "new" self-programmable gaming mouses a new security threat? [duplicate]

I have recently bought one of the recent "best" USB gaming mouses out there. The thing that is bothering that the marketing material says it contains a self-programmable computer embedded in ...
Sir Muffington's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
210 views

Entered FDE password in GRUB by mistake

For several reasons (I have an external monitor, etc.) when I booted the laptop I typed the FDE (Full Disk Encryption on Linux, LUKS) without looking at the monitor, and I ended up typing the full ...
reed's user avatar
  • 15.8k
4 votes
1 answer
398 views

Why does openSUSE sporadically prompt during boot to trust its built-in certificate?

The conundrum My wife’s laptop has been running openSUSE Leap 15.0 for several years, and she has once or twice been flummoxed by this prompt at the very beginning of the boot sequence, most recently ...
PJTraill's user avatar
  • 143
-1 votes
1 answer
1k views

Booting from an external drive on work laptop (privacy)

Hi guys the company I work for gave me an awesome laptop but I don't want them to spy on my personal activities (they have lots of Spyware and security). I am, however, able to boot from an external ...
cr0cop's user avatar
  • 1
2 votes
1 answer
726 views

Understanding Secure Boot

I'm trying to understand the secure boot process of an OS but there are few points I can't wrap my head around. At a high level, afaik, secure boot ensures that the loaded OS is authenticated by its ...
SpiderRico's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
4k views

What is difference running Linux by live USB vs. by VirtualBox?

Can an expert please explain me which of following three methods working with an OS is technically considered more "secure" - and why (pros/cons)? Security I mean aspects like: -preventing any ...
johnsmiththelird's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
3k views

Why authenticated boot not Secure boot?

Context: Secure boot is one of the important elements of Trusted Computing in computer system. One variety of the Secure boot is authenticated boot. While secure boot prevent the boot of a non trusted ...
Lavender's user avatar
  • 259
0 votes
3 answers
1k views

Why after dd'ing ISO file to entire USB flash device, only the first partition match the ISO checksum? [closed]

I use dd to "burn" an ISO file to USB stick: dd bs=4M if=/mnt/media/ISO/Fedora-Workstation-Live-x86_64-31-1.9.iso of=/dev/sdd conv=fdatasync status=progress Now I can see several partitions has ...
Alex's user avatar
  • 103
0 votes
1 answer
196 views

TrueCrypt "silently" updated bootloader

I have just updated TrueCrypt from version 7.1a to 7.2. Upon next system restart I have noticed that bootloader was updated as well, because it now shows message about TrueCrypt being not safe. There ...
trejder's user avatar
  • 3,639
1 vote
1 answer
582 views

Preventing boot from USB on Dell Inspiron 5559

So what I am looking for is a way to prevent anyone from booting from a USB drive on this specific Dell Inspiron 5559. so normally what I would have to do is to set an Admin password in BIOS that ...
Mostafa's user avatar
  • 11
1 vote
1 answer
2k views

Requiring hardware key at boot-up on normal laptop

I am sure that a question like this already exists and has probably been answered. I just couldn't find any results (probably due to my inability to word my question correctly). We use laptops at ...
RM101's user avatar
  • 11
2 votes
1 answer
777 views

Is it a security concern to publish the current boot_id?

On linux, a machine comes with a machine_id. From the man page, it is said to be considered as "confidential" and must not be exposed to unstrusted parties. Should the boot_id (from /proc/sys/kernel/...
solsTiCe's user avatar
  • 231
2 votes
1 answer
358 views

What can a compromised firmware (UEFI) do after the hard-disk has been wiped?

I might be mistaken, but it seems the firmware (UEFI) needs to load some stuff from the disk to be able to do anything really interesting, like loading some advanced tools or loading the OS. Yet ...
reed's user avatar
  • 15.8k
-1 votes
2 answers
348 views

USB bootable CD protect against rootkits?

I have a infected computer, which I am trying to diagnose. The attack is probably very sophisticated, and I am not yet sure whether this has happened in the bios, mbr, active partition or any other ...
ClassicConcentrate6's user avatar
3 votes
2 answers
340 views

What program can Decrypt specific a Folder/Files during Windows Boot/Loading? (Windows)

I've been looking into Encryption of my data for some time now; I've decided to move ahead with VeraCrypt for encryption all of my partitions (I have 2 disks in 1 laptop) except for the OS (C:) ...
Andrew Davis's user avatar
2 votes
1 answer
489 views

Why are pins required on boot on devices with fingerprint readers? [duplicate]

Both my iPad and my android phone are configured to allow access via either a pin, or a fingerprint scan. However, immediately after a reboot, neither device allows a fingerprint for the first unlock; ...
Jason C's user avatar
  • 273
1 vote
2 answers
784 views

Can a laptop be monitored when booted from external drive?

If a laptop is monitored (say from employer) and I boot it from an external USB hard drive or a LIVE-CD/USB-Stick, can it then still be monitored somehow?
user194775's user avatar
0 votes
1 answer
278 views

Security/Privacy OS With Boot On Thumbdrive

I am looking for a security-centered Linux OS that allows you to take the /boot partition on a thumb-drive to alleviate concerns of an Evil Maid Attacks! What OS is it easy to remove the /boot ...
BestReasonofWiseMen's user avatar
2 votes
2 answers
602 views

Can malware migrate between OSes on the same machine?

Someone here at work just made an interesting claim; they stated that it's possible for malware, launched in e.g. Windows, to remain in RAM through a reboot and continue working in Linux on the ...
tink's user avatar
  • 206
2 votes
1 answer
1k views

using secure boot in embedded systems

The whole idea about using Secure Boot in Embedded Systems to boot an operating system is new to me. I've never paid much attention to it previously. I just know that it prevents the loading at start-...
Engineer999's user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
1k views

Android OS verity signature bypass

I am just getting into custom firmware and rooting phones. I have a phone that appears to be unrootable for whatever reason due to a locked bootloader. The private key was never released and we only ...
Mark Santos's user avatar
1 vote
1 answer
178 views

Can a Windows program compromise the desktop hardware without giving administrator rights?

If I run a program on a Windows 10 machine, can the program install a virus on an attached USB drive, and can it install a virus into the firmware of the computer to be loaded before the OS/bootloader?...
user avatar
1 vote
2 answers
842 views

Can dual-boot, encrypted Windows 7 installations be fairly well secured against each other?

We have corporate network where remote workers connect via encrypted latops (Windows 7) using VPN (Cisco AnyConnect client), log into the Windows domain and access their network shares, Outlook e-...
r0berts's user avatar
  • 135
1 vote
1 answer
537 views

Verifying that the CRTM is read-only for the purpose of trusted computing

When using a TPM to provide integrity measurements for a system via SRTM, the trusted computing base is reduced to only the TPM and CRTM. The CRTM is a component of the BIOS (specifically the ...
forest's user avatar
  • 66.8k
5 votes
2 answers
3k views

securing Ubuntu bootloader using TPM

I am currently working with Ubuntu 16.04 , with an Intel CPU that supports TPM2 module. I am trying to harden my boot-loader, i tried using trustedgrub2 fork that supports TPM2 , i understand that ...
mmelamud's user avatar
5 votes
2 answers
4k views

Is Secure Boot really Secure?

I found the concept of Secure Boot quite intriguing. I can't say that I know much about it because I don't but I believe I understand the main concept of it. Secure Boot verifies the signature of the ...
ChrisK's user avatar
  • 137
2 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can malware have its own GRUB/boot-loader and use it to be active?

I use Ubuntu 16.04. After I mounted an ISO which may or may not have had malware in it, my system sometimes ends up showing a blank screen after logging into Ubuntu or reboots a minute or two after I ...
Nav's user avatar
  • 341
6 votes
1 answer
12k views

Full disk encryption on dual boot system (Truecrypt/Veracrypt)

I am looking to run my laptop system with a dual boot configuration (Fedora + Windows) with full disk encryption. I have a laptop that I will be bringing with me while traveling, both domestically ...
enpaul's user avatar
  • 161
3 votes
3 answers
1k views

Will converting a MBR disk to GPT, formatting and the converting back to MBR remove a infected boot record.

Will converting a MBR disk to GPT, formatting and the converting back to MBR remove a infected boot record. I am looking into writing a little program that will take a connected USB with a MBR ...
Plisken's user avatar
  • 133