Questions tagged [brute-force]

An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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How does winrar know I typed the right key?

As far as I know WinRar uses the password you type and derives the key from it. But how exactly does it check if the key I typed is correct? What I think is that it compares your guess with the right ...
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How can one mitigate both account-level DOS attacks and online brute force attacks at the same time?

I was recently reading this question, where the accepted answer claims that it is easy for attackers to bypass rate limiting that is based on IP, which makes any sort of IP rate limiting to prevent a ...
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Medusa / THC Hydra on multiple instances [closed]

Is it possible to distribute the login tries in THC Hydra / Medusa in multiple computers? For example hydra -l root -x 6:6:A1 127.0.0.1 ssh That equals to 2176782336 login tries, how can I ...
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Tool to try and brute force decrypt a string by trying common algorithms? [duplicate]

I've got a string that I believe is encoded with a rather basic algorithm, but rather than trying them all 1 by 1 I'm wondering if there's a tool/website that can attempt to decode it using multiple ...
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Hydra Brute-force attack on Gitlab doesn't work!

I'm using hydra to test my organization's security since our GitLab is accessible online, I wanted to make sure the security of the login itself before implementing other types of security measure (e....
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Bruteforce different encodings

I have a hash $office$*2013*100000*256*16*664f9e0787392c2b1632d3947aaadee4*27dc7d029f76244a407acf9b5afa3740*ebbc055ae08124f6a6be81ef812da4fece16b2ad86eede3916d9cda15f71833f password: лl My wordlist:...
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Name of 'smart brute force' attack against sequential cipher lock [duplicate]

I remember learning about an attack against sequential cipher locks - ones that don't have a 'reset' or 'enter', you just enter digits and as soon as the last n consecutive entries match, the lock ...
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Preventing automated attacks on Tokens without relying on Firewall or Network Infrastructure

Our concern is more on application side prevention automated attacks. Although the firewall does it part to help prevent this, it has been mandated in our development team's security practices that we ...
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attacking router with THC Hydra (no bad login info captured)?

I'm attempting to crack the password to my router's admin login page, but in order to do that, I require information on how the router handles an incorrect login to perform the attack using THC Hydra. ...
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Does it matter if a brute force search for a password returns a collision and not the password?

Assume the following very basic hashing algorithm. h(k) = k mod 17 Let's say we create a password 12345 for a website that uses this very basic hashing algorithm. That would yield the hash of 3. ...
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Using Patator ssh_login module how can I get the output to show only on success

I have the following command: patator ssh_login host=<ip> port=<port> user=<user> password=FILE0 0=<path to pwdlist> I would like to output the success result only and not ...
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Solution for password spraying on my app

We have a web application where the input fields for login are: username and password. In order to prevent brute force attacks, we have implemented a lockout function for 5 invalid tries of valid ...
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find out unprotected commonly used subdirectories

I try to solve a pentesting challenge where I have to find out a directory, which is unprotected from directory listing. I tried to find it with wfuzz -c -z file,'wordlist.txt' --hc 404 http://...
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740 views

dictionary attack hashing algorithm

Does the kind of algorithm used to hash passwords have any advantages or disadvantages in a dictionary attack? i.e. SHA256, MD5, etc. or is it just the dictionary that is used by the attacker matters? ...
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Hydra hangs after attempts or returns all passwords valid

I'm using the Hydra tool on Kali Linux 2020.1 and I'm trying to brute force a login at hack.me http://s123056-104737-qer.sipontum.hack.me/login.php. My problem is that whenever I run Hydra it gets ...
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Bruteforcing a Wi-FI password [closed]

Is it possible to brute-force a WiFi password, since technically there are no limits with login attempts? If there is any, the MAC address of the attacker device can be changed.
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Account lockout for inexistant accounts

I am starting to implement an exponential backoff system to lockout accounts after a certain amount of failed attempts (1min after 5 fails, 2min after 10 fails, etc.). However, as this source suggests,...
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Can bruteforce attacks be prevented with tables of valid inputs?

Can this method of encryption prevent bruteforce attacks? If I had a hypothetical table (or function) where every grammatically valid sentence (in existence, limited to some number of words) was ...
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Hydra HTTP Form Post with parameters containing a colon “:”

I'm trying to brute force login on my domain using THC Hydra v9.1-dev. It is using an ASP.net form and some of the required post body parameters contain a colon : in them which is the separator used ...
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1answer
211 views

Is better to have as password a sentence or first letter of the sentence?

Which is better master KeePass password to prevent any type of bruteforce between theses two type of password : Complete sentence invented by user like : I like cheeseburger, tomatoes and fries ! :) ...
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How to prevent Directory Enumeration Attacks (DirB or Directory Buster)

I am dabbling in pen testing (OWASP Juice Shop) and I realized many web application attacks start from enumeration where the attacker uses DirB to find vulnerable Web Objects or Directories to attack ...
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Is using “Signature Versioning” in Amazon S3 a secure way of selling ebooks?

I own an ecommerce platform that sells large (500 megabyte+) ebooks. To reduce server costs I am looking at hosting the ebooks on S3 and using Sendowl/ FetchApp to create the links to the downloads. ...
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How secure is a 4 digit numbers only captcha? [closed]

How secure is a 4 digit numbers only captcha? How many tries will take to be able to bruteforce that captcha?
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What would be the algorithm that would be used to Brute Force Blowfish Encryption?

For my science fair project, I will be researching the algorithm for encrypting data using the Blowfish Encryption technique. Suppose I have a word I would like to encrypt using this method called "...
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1answer
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WEP QOS_DATA vs DATA decryption - difference?

I recently played a bit with my hardware pocket size IV WEP sniffer. It's a 5v tool that i use in my lab when bored: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jJyRaWrnbJg In my tests i figured out one of my ...
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Is the WPS implementation for Wifi Direct on Amazon Fire Stick secure?

Specifically: Does the fire-stick use PIN method or push-button method for its Wifi Direct implementation? From my experience using the Fire Stick for mirroring an Android phone, I would guess it is ...
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Blocking URL brute-forcing on my server

Every day my server receives many GET requests in search of security holes. In other words, they are trying a list of words in search of a hole. for example: http://myapp.com/phpmyadmin http://...
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1answer
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Protect Wordpress against ddos attack [closed]

The above screenshot is from my website's cpanel visitors list.My website is build on wordpress. And I think someone is trying hard to crack open my website with DDOS attack and drain out my 10gb ...
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1answer
516 views

Securely displaying hidden integers with MD5

A system I'm studying uses the following mechanism: a 19-digit integer is hashed via the MD5 algorithm and the salt of the integer is shown in plain sight to the user before they take an irreversible ...
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Hydra - Brute force command is stalling

Very new to application testing here. I am working through the hacker101 CTF (petshop) examples and I am having problems with brute forcing a username form with Hydra. The error message looks like it ...
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64 views

Bruteforce directory with Burp : 2 parameters used in 3 step macro for intruder

I try to bruteforce paths with Burp intruder but to do so I have to be authenticated and have a valid CSRF token (transmitted as a GET parameter). So what I want to do is : Call the login page to ...
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Bruteforce https post using single tcp connection

So I've tried bruteforcing my server using thc-hydra's https-post-form, but it floods the server very quickly and the requests start timing out. However, If I go through the browser where the HTTP ...
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UFW Blocks some IPs which are trying to attempt a connection to the server

UFW‌ Blocks some IPs which are trying to attempt a connection to the server. I checked most blocked IPs in abuseIPD website and all blocked IPs are reported for brute force attack and/Or ssh spamming ...
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181 views

Spider (web scrawling) vs Force Browsing

I'm scanning websites with OWASP ZAP and noticed that the Spider attack and Force Browse attack return somewhat different results. What are the differences between Web Spiders (Web Crawlers) and ...
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1answer
69 views

Does digested passwords send over a non encrypted channel offers additional security over plain text passwords?

I am learning about WS-Security and trying to compare different options offered by UsernameToken as described in this document. AFAIK, a digested password is a hash of the plain text password along ...
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How hackers bruteforce web logins when password attempts are limited? [duplicate]

I read about password brute force attacks, but I wonder how hackers try this attack when developers limit password attempts.
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Is it safe to implement 15 bytes password reset tokens?

I want to figure out how safe is to implement a 15 bytes long password reset token. If we have 26 letters and 10 numbers, 36 possibilities per byte. And we have a 15 byte long token, that means that ...
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1answer
204 views

Replace PATH space with random string

I came across http://test.co.uk/img/rOTJwSOqWzHaDsEUcHhI. If we take a look at it the directory space is protected against bruteforcing of the whole directory to explore private images. I don't know ...
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3answers
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Is an 8 characters long password reset token strong enough?

I am testing a website with a password reset functionality that provides a link with a token like most websites. I asked for multiple password reset links to see any pattern in the tokens. All the ...
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1answer
114 views

MySQL brute force attempts from localhost

We have a Linux box (Ubuntu VERSION="18.04.2 LTS (Bionic Beaver)" that hosts MySQL. When I check the MySQL logs I see constant failed attempts to log in from root@localhost. does this imply that I ...
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258 views

How do attacks on password locked accounts work?

A lot of questions here are about the safety of passwords e.g a Login Password to an account on site X. But how can attackers get in the account when they have to guess the passwords? I know there is ...
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191 views

How to make wfuzz perform a request to retrieve CSRF token to include in the main request?

How to make wfuzz perform a request to retrieve CSRF token to include in the main request? I've previously used patator, which includes the options before_url and before_fgrep for performing a ...
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Defense against attacks using dictionaries

Some forms of attacks on passwords use dictionaries. It is safer to use nonsense passwords like YunSUanLin, Artibichoke, etc., which do not seem to pertain to any dictionary?
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528 views

How to speed up brute forcing of finding a WEP key from a captured file?

I have been working on decrypting a WEP .cap file using crunch. It has 1268 IVs. I am wondering: Can I get a clue from the captured file to speed the process of brute-forcing? If not, what other ways ...
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1answer
109 views

Binary Numbers converted to Hexadecimal private key [closed]

Couldn't you use brute force to guess someone’s binary number because it's 1 or 0 - 256 times then just keep switching 1's and 0's around- which then can be converted hexadecimal to guess their ...
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Password checking implementation: delay on unsuccessful attempts [duplicate]

What would be wrong with the username/password checker where the response is instantaneous for valid attempts but a pre-built time delay (say 1 sec) is used for unsuccessful ones? It would not slow ...
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1answer
531 views

How secure is KeePass KDBX4 by default?

How secure is KeePass KDBX4 by default if someone obtain the .kdbx file and attempt to brute-force it without knowing any hint of the master password? With assumption : The password length is equal/...
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NCrack bruteforcing for http-get using -iL options

How to do NCrack bruteforcing for http-get service using -iL (mass scan) options where server is having different port.
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Remote Desktop compromised

So roughly 2 weeks ago my Remote Desktop was compromised whilst I was actively interacting with my server via Rdp I was prompted with a disconnect status equal to “ Another user has connected to ...
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TOTP brute force prevention

Lets use Google Authenticator as example. A 6 digit code is generated every 30 second. Each random attempt has 1/1,000,000 chance of success. Server will usually accept code of ±30s which increased ...

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