Questions tagged [brute-force]

An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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Is there any defense against Brute-Force done on a local encrypted file?

Let me start off by saying I don't know very much about encryption, hashing, cracking, etc. I'm just a typical computer enthusiasts, programmer and researcher with many questions. So, I've discovered ...
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Can the aproximated date on which a given Encryption Algorithm will become prone to brute force be predicted?

I have a very elementary understanding about encryption so this question may have false assumptions, Lets take an encryption algorithm that is impractical to break through bruteforce with today's ...
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Computing RSA 1024-bit Decryption Performance [closed]

I want to be able to tell how many keys per second, using RSA 1024-bit keys, can be checked on a standard Pentium 4 system. How can I use this to determine decryption performance, and possibly ...
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713 views

Hash, encryption of file… key? Need help [closed]

So my previous question was with some help on pcap files as I am doing a security course and we have a challenge to figure out what was going on in our network. Now one of the files I retrieved is an ...
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110 views

Is it possible to prevent WiFi password brute-forcing?

Are there any measures I can set, except using a better password, to prevent someone brute-forcing a WiFi password?
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282 views

What are the disadvantages of using Shamir's Secret Sharing to implement a Partial Password scheme?

Suppose I want to implement a partial password scheme, where the user authenticates by using two passwords: one a normal password, the other is partial, where he only needs to type the selected three ...
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668 views

Are partial passwords a security improvement over full passwords?

With full password authentication, you need to enter the full password every time. With partial password authentication, you're asked for some subset of the password each time, and which characters ...
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390 views

Please explain the vulnerability for the pre-shared Key for IKEv1 brute force IPSec

After the vulnerability was released for IPSec IKEv1 PSKs, our organization decided to increase the size and complexity of the PSK. However, upon releasing the new PSK we had a few issues: ...
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brute force ssh account with key-pair authentication?

Recently one of my servers has been hacked and it seems they got SSH access (logs are removed, ransom readme files created etc..). The account has a ssh certificate authentication (incl. passphrase ...
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OWASP ZAP bruteforce by password not username

I want to bruteforce a login page using OWASP ZAP, using two separate passwords (90 lines) and username (200 lines) files, with the bruteforce POST requests to be ordered by password like: user001:...
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231 views

VPN - Why is my NAT'ed Laptop being SSH-brute-forced by External IPs when in VPN?

I am using a commercial paid licence to a VPN provider, which I use on two boxes, a FreeBSD, and a Linux BackBox. When connected to this proxy, my interface receives a public IP from the VPN ...
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Is it secure to allow an account to use `test123!` as their password?

I'm working on tightening up security for the auth layer of my app and I'm currently making a call on the complexity I'll require for passwords. Is there a 'standard' recommendation for complexity? ...
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Public/private key auth and VPN

If a server uses public/private key authentication to access SSH, will there be any advantage of restricting the access of SSH over VPN? This link describes both approaches to solve brute force ...
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Why is the brute force search time for hashing algorithms 2^(num_bits / 2)?

I noticed that the brute force times (the time it takes to find a message that hashes to a given hash) of various hashing algorithms seems to be 2^(num_bits / 2). For example, people say that brute ...
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Bruteforce using crunch and Aircrack (custom starting number?)

I'm trying to do a Bruteforce attack on a handshake taken from my wireless network that is not WPS enabled. The reason I'm doing it is because I'm testing how strong a 10 digit phone number is as a ...
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How to make an efficient bruteforce attack on Windows? [closed]

I've been trying to figure out a way to efficiently bruteforce on Windows, but the method I currently have isn't very efficient. I did some profiling and found out that on average it can go through ...
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What is the strength of the key derivation function on Android device encryption?

What is is strength of the key derivation? Specifically, how many milliseconds or microseconds would it take a desktop computer to check a guessed password to see if it is a match? I am aware this ...
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Postfix SMTP - Can I use SSH public keys instead of sasl password

I am relatively new to managing mail server, although i am familiar with webhosting servers not running dedicated email services. Postfix is configured to use sasl-password authentication I have ...
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Is there any methods available other than brute force and dictionary attacks?

I am curious to know about the wifi attacks. And I have known a little bit about brute force attack and dictionary attack. Is there any other methods available other than these two...?
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Bruteforce Veracrypt

I forgot my Veracrypt password, I have around 1000-2000 possible password combination and I need a software to bruteforce the password on Windows. What software would that be?
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Windows server 2016 Remote Desktop username leaked

One of our servers got infected with ransomware last week (Matrix, .Grhan). The server allowed remote desktop connection from outside on the default port, which was a big security hole (and also, the ...
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Partially forgotten encryption password for Windows users [duplicate]

I encrypted important files with Veracrypt and I remember most of the password but some parts are forgotten. I need some advice as to what would be the most efficient way of getting the encryption ...
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307 views

Hashcat bruteforce define digit range form and to

I know this password is between 90,000,000 and 500,000,000 how can I tell hashcat to bruteforce exactly in that range? I mean starting from 90,000,000 and ending at 500,000,000 I go the password ...
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Manage Logs of Excessive Member and Server Authentication Failures

Currently, in our SIEM environment, we are attempting to reduce noise and any non-actionable items. One of the most frequent items we receive on a weekly basis is a report based on excessive member ...
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Lost password for encrypted external HD

Have an old filevault encrypted external hard drive. Would like to access but have forgotten the password. However I do remember the style of password (XKCD four word style) and remember two of the ...
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654 views

hashcat specific brute force

Is this scenario possible: I know the first three letters of the password (exact), i know the password is between 10-14 characters, i know the rest of the characters are "b,t,p,1,3,6,7" which can be ...
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Best tool to BruteForcing RDP

I have tried many tools and to do not seem to be successful with locking out an account I am testing on my network with an RDP domain. I used crowbar, ncrack and THC hydra but they don't seem to be ...
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359 views

Is it possible to specify multiple values for failure condition (F=) using Hydra?

I want to brute-force a site using Hydra (https-post-form) that I don't know valid login credentials for, so I cannot specify a value for success condition (S=). Failed logins result in a redirect ...
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Is something like fail2ban necessary for a rate-limited key-only (no password) ssh login?

As far as I understand, bruteforcing ssh is only attempted for passwords, not keys (barring edge cases where presumably the NSA wants to break in). So if a server has disabled (in addition to root ...
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How to use character mask in hashcat?

I do not get hashcat working the way I want. I got this handshake captured file. I can crack it with ?a?a?a?a?a?a?a?a --increment but since I know the password is between 14 and 16 charters that is ...
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892 views

cyberattack by password guessing admin account logon type 3

We have a 2008 R2 virtual server that is only used for logon via rdp or from local console. No VPN traffic is required. The server was under attack for a couple of days, viruses where installed etc. ...
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How many passwords per second can a typical computer check? [closed]

I wanna know how many passwords per second my computer can check this is for brute force attacks. I looked everywhere and on this website and the computer listed on here are nothing similar to the one ...
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760 views

John the Ripper and incremental mode

I have a question about John the Ripper and it's incremental mode. As far as I know, the incremental mode is a brute-force mode, and it tries to get the password by systematic combining all ...
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In what cases should applications be prepared for brute force?

Today I had an idea: I've been thinking that one can use brute force to get some data from a university from our country. It turned out my thoughts were true: an attacker can use brute force to ...
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Alternatives to bruteforce KeePass Cracker

Recently I have been working on a little project. I have been able to crack my keePass .kdbx file by running a simple brute force attack with the KeePass Cracker and a custom made word list. This is ...
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What ways are there to populate web directory wordlists?

Background: as a pentester I often just get IP addresses where websites are hosted. Since sometimes DNS is not available or the client wants a black box test, getting to the actual hosted application ...
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1answer
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What is the recommended length for a phone PIN?

I recently read that you're supposed to have a phone pin consisting of at least six digits. Why? I'd get it if the pin was stored as a hash in a database, even though six digits would easily be ...
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How to recover a lost zip file password (Extract Zip Spec '2.0')

I want to recover my backup file, but I can't find the password. The password contains 12-20 characters (As!@$123) user@PC:/media/user/MyData$ zipdetails -v backup2.zip 0000000 0000004 50 4B 03 04 ...
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How would I brute-force a Bitlocker recovery key?

I have imaged a hard disk and used passware, but to no avail - it says Encryption key External key, and not the actual key. How do you think I would go about brute forcing it? Lets assume I had ...
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How does encryption strength make a difference to an attacker

Take for example I have my social security and other personal information stored as a string that I am trying to encrypt on my local drive. My first method of encrypting the string is to use a ...
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769 views

SSH Key vs Complex Password with Fail2Ban & Two Factor Authentication

Normally you hear that using an SSH Key is far more secure than using a regular password. However I've been wondering if this statement is really true. Let's say we have the following variables for ...
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ISP has informed us that our server is launching brute force attacks on WordPress sites, how do we end this? [duplicate]

Misc Situation: -Server login is obtained by hacker, hacker places malicious brute force file in /hacked/bruteforce/ -Server password is then changed, hacker can still run script by navigating to ...
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911 views

How secure is Asus router's brute-force protection?

I have just updated my RT-N12 D1 router to the latest firmware, and it has new function - "Added protection mechanism for GUI login brute-force attack for login username and password.". I Googled and ...
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687 views

Yii client side captcha validation

Apparently, Yii web application framework generates some kind of hash value from captcha codes it generates and sends it to the client side so it can be used for client side validation of the captcha ...
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Can Hydra and Crunch be used in combination for HTTP-get-form? [closed]

I'm trying to recover my router username and password without resetting the router for educational purposes. I read that Hydra can be used for "brute-forcing" http-get-form authentication that most ...
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275 views

Brute force a password with a lot of hash (of the same password)

I have a list of approximatively 1000 entities, defined using the following code : list[i] = md5_salt_unix_hash(random_salt, password) Where the random_salt is generated in each iteration and the ...
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Circumventing disadvantage of IP-based account lockout

So we're trying to prevent brute-force attacks on our web server login page--currently we just do IP-based locking if x failed attempts from IP address Y occur over z time period. After a security ...
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Use THC hydra to make dictionary attack on localhost

I have programmed a log in in my webpage and now I want to test it against a dictionary attack. I am using Apache and my website is not online so to access it I connect to localhost/website In hydra I ...
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Adequate prevention of distributed brute force attacks?

What are good ways to prevent distributed brute force attacks on my website? I think (not sure. if someone can assure me, thanks!) my site is secure against normal brute force attacks as I am using ...
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Can Hydra crack a flash-based login?

Is it possible to brute force a flash login with hydra? If not, what is a good tool to pen test a flash login?