Questions tagged [brute-force]

An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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1answer
150 views

How long would it take to brute force a URL path that's 5 characters long

example.com/[a-zA-Z0-9] the code can be any mix of numbers + uppercase/lowercase letters and it's 5 characters. How long would it take to brute force or is there an easier/faster way to do it?
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Generate a wordlist with strings that have no repeated characters [duplicate]

I am attempting to do this with crunch, but any method would be fine. I want to generate combinations of 6 characters in which no character is repeated. Note that I don't mean the -d function, as that ...
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47 views

How to generate a bruteforce list? [duplicate]

I need a rather long dictionary to bruteforce with, following a specific pattern: I need it to combine words using the dictionary, to up to three words. It wouldn't be case sensitive, and it would use ...
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1answer
732 views

Brute force MD5 with a prefix and suffix up to n characters/words

I have a couple of things I would like to explore with hashcat. I have a MD5 hashed password, which I know for a fact has a prefix and a suffix. The actual password is located in the middle of the ...
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1answer
318 views

Using hashcat for collision attack [closed]

Whenever i tried generate √N randomly(possible combinations of password length), i always find few collisons of the hash password no matter the length, if the password was made of entirely random ...
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5answers
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Bruteforce on 10 characters length WPA2 password

I'm trying to hack my own WPA2 network for learning purposes. I have the *.cap file generated by aircrack-ng tools after a WPA handshake. I've tested by including my own password and a bunch of ...
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1answer
214 views

What is the fastest way to brute force a hardware code

Where I live, there is a keypad with numbers from 0 to 9 and two letters, A and B. Using it I noticed that the code was checked on the last 5 things entered. If I were to try every code on the keypad,...
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157 views

How is a birthday attack actually performed?

I thought I understood the birthday attack until I tried to actually implement it. Either I'm implementing it wrong, or there's something wrong with my interpretation of the resulting probabilities. ...
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232 views

Brute forcing the Veracrypt header with THC Hydra

I was advised to brute force the Veracrypt header with THC Hydra/Cygwin, but I don't know how to do that. Any help would be appreciated.
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974 views

Brute Force Decrypt VeraCrypt - No Rescue Disk - Password Fails

My PC has failed in some way, as the PC was off when I checked it. I checked the CPU temperature etc., and runs at 54deg C in the BIOS, and does not fail when left on. So, I am not sure if it is a ...
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1answer
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Partially forgotten encryption password for Windows users [duplicate]

I encrypted important files with Veracrypt and I remember most of the password but some parts are forgotten. I need some advice as to what would be the most efficient way of getting the encryption ...
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1answer
101 views

Should I blacklist countries to stop brute force attacks?

I'm getting attacks at wp-admin from numerous countries and IPs. When I get a notification from Wordfence that there has been an attack, I blacklist the originating country from the WP backend. Then I ...
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1answer
245 views

I think my raspberry was hacked, what should I do? [duplicate]

First of all, sorry if all of this seems a bit stupid, but my field of expertise is software development, not security. So, here is what happened. 1/ The breach I did something I really shouldn't ...
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1answer
149 views

Are there any known collisions of a “long” (64 bit) OpenPGP key ID?

We know that the "short" 32 bit OpenPGP key IDs can be easily brute-forced and the recommendation is to use the "long" 64 bit IDs or full 160 bit SHA1 fingerprint. However I am concerned that the "...
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1answer
847 views

Partially forgotten encryption password

I encrypted important files with Veracrypt and I remember most of the password but some parts are forgotten. I need some advice as to what would be the most efficient way of getting the encryption ...
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2answers
162 views

Is using a phrase from a book as a password such a bad idea

I've been told/seen online that choosing a sentence or a phrase from a book and using it as a password is a bad idea. How is this true? Unless the potential attacker knew which book you used I don't ...
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2answers
707 views

Brute-force attack to exe file [closed]

I have an encrypted file and the program.exe through which it was encrypted. When I want decrypt file, I need to know the password with which the file was encrypted. Can you help me some tool for ...
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6answers
132k views

Is it possible to brute force all 8 character passwords in an offline attack?

This article states: Brute-force techniques trying every possible combination of letters, numbers, and special characters had also succeeded at cracking all passwords of eight or fewer characters. ...
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7answers
8k views

Is it possible to improve brute-force guessing of a password with a picture of the keyboard used to enter it?

Is it a bad idea to post a photo of your keyboard to social media? Can I look at a photo of a keyboard and determine the password of an account? Assuming a certain (set of) password(s) is the most ...
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2answers
488 views

Account lockout to protect from brute force: doesn't it open up vulnerabilities to DOS attacks? [duplicate]

AFAIK the recommended practice to mitigate brute force attacks is to lock an account down for, say, 15 min (perhaps escalating lockout time if the attack continues afterwards?) after, say, 5 failed ...
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2answers
175 views

Why is it still necessary to block brute-force attacks when passwords hash verification requires significant work?

For authentication controls, Owasp gives advice to prevent brute-force attacks by locking out account, and I see this kind of advice in several places (blocking by source IP after failed logins, ...
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6answers
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What would be the key size for a picture used as a key?

I'm working on a cryptosystem that uses colour pictures as keys for encryption. I'm trying to guess what is the key size of my cryptosystem in order to find the feasibility of a brute force attack. My ...
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1answer
395 views

Hashcat bruteforce define digit range form and to

I know this password is between 90,000,000 and 500,000,000 how can I tell hashcat to bruteforce exactly in that range? I mean starting from 90,000,000 and ending at 500,000,000 I go the password ...
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How to mask attack a sha256 hash with following information using hashcat?

I am hashcat newbie and I want to crack a hash :) The answer is 1-15 (unknown) characters and it may contain 'a-z' 'A-Z' '0-9' and '_' . (A Twitter username) How may I mask attack a hash with above ...
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1answer
340 views

What are the disadvantages of using Shamir's Secret Sharing to implement a Partial Password scheme?

Suppose I want to implement a partial password scheme, where the user authenticates by using two passwords: one a normal password, the other is partial, where he only needs to type the selected three ...
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1answer
286 views

NMAP NSE script stopping after 900 seconds (15 minutes)

I am experimenting with ssh bruteforce over my home network using the ssh-brute nse script. I have a short list of usernames (just 12) but a long list of passwords (1M). I can't seem to get the ssh-...
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1answer
341 views

Manage Logs of Excessive Member and Server Authentication Failures

Currently, in our SIEM environment, we are attempting to reduce noise and any non-actionable items. One of the most frequent items we receive on a weekly basis is a report based on excessive member ...
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8answers
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Is brute force a probable threat even if you enable CAPTCHA and rate limit logins?

Let's assume CAPTCHA is enabled with account lock out control (after five continuous failed attempts, the account will be locked for 15 min) on a system. Is brute force still a probable threat?
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1answer
760 views

Are partial passwords a security improvement over full passwords?

With full password authentication, you need to enter the full password every time. With partial password authentication, you're asked for some subset of the password each time, and which characters ...
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1answer
80 views

Why are SQL servers not attacked as frequently as ssh servers?

I have a server running with both SSH and MySQL accessible to the public internet. Both run on default ports (22 and 3306). The ssh server is attacked by bots all the time. This is the output of ...
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1answer
122 views

Lost password for encrypted external HD

Have an old filevault encrypted external hard drive. Would like to access but have forgotten the password. However I do remember the style of password (XKCD four word style) and remember two of the ...
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1answer
800 views

John the Ripper and incremental mode

I have a question about John the Ripper and it's incremental mode. As far as I know, the incremental mode is a brute-force mode, and it tries to get the password by systematic combining all ...
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1answer
121 views

Slow Hashing Without a Salt?

I'm trying to design a security scheme that involves a shared secret but isn't a traditional account password situation. The server would store a set of "keys", each of which has a blob of data ...
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2answers
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Is it security if an alternative of the full credit card number is stored in database

Short Description I am wondering if there is a way to store an alternative of the full credit card number securely, which the card number is not required to be retrieved from the alternative. Long ...
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1answer
493 views

Please explain the vulnerability for the pre-shared Key for IKEv1 brute force IPSec

After the vulnerability was released for IPSec IKEv1 PSKs, our organization decided to increase the size and complexity of the PSK. However, upon releasing the new PSK we had a few issues: ...
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3answers
3k views

What is a quantum computing attack?

As far as i know, a quantum attack is a brute force attack performed by a quantum computer. source: wiki Is this very simple definition correct ? or the scope of a quantum computing attack is bigger....
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1answer
3k views

Best tool to BruteForcing RDP

I have tried many tools and to do not seem to be successful with locking out an account I am testing on my network with an RDP domain. I used crowbar, ncrack and THC hydra but they don't seem to be ...
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1answer
115 views

How is my employer accessing my router when employer's laptop is wirelessly connected to my home network

I have a modem bridged to a modern router running open source software and heavily secured. I have all connections to the router through a personal vpn from a dedicated provider. During work from home ...
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2answers
4k views

Closely spaced failed logins in auth.log

I have a raspberry-pi (running GNU/Linux) and I recently allowed my router to forward port 22 (ssh) to the raspberry-pi so that I could log in while away from home. I then noticed a bunch of ...
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1answer
632 views

How to get and use constantly changing cookie JSESSIONID values in Hydra?

Related: how to get cookies from aspx site to use it with hydra My problem is similar to the above case, I get "20 valid passwords found" but the server I'm trying to brute force sends the header set-...
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1answer
785 views

hashcat specific brute force

Is this scenario possible: I know the first three letters of the password (exact), i know the password is between 10-14 characters, i know the rest of the characters are "b,t,p,1,3,6,7" which can be ...
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2answers
671 views

Breaking .kdb (KeePass 1.x) file

During a penetration testing lab, I have obtained access to a .kdb file of a KeePass 1.25 (password management). Therefore I tried to find a way to obtain the file key file or key and after ...
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1answer
513 views

Brute forcing encryption password (self destruct after 4 attempts)

My colleague at work lost the password to his external hard drive (HDD not SSD), a WD Elements. He remembers that his password was simple and 8 characters maximum. The problem is the encryption ...
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0answers
492 views

Brute force hex password with exactly two special characters using JohnTheRipper

I want to optimize the way I'm using John the Ripper. I have a password with a know length (9) that consists only of (lower-case) hex characters and exactly two special characters. First I tried ...
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1answer
135 views

“Targeted” Brute-Force an Local App password

I can't remember my password for a locally installed app but I wrote it down poorly and am sure of 6 letters/numbers out of 11. I generated a list of all the possibilities given that the badly ...
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1answer
144 views

Are there any good brute force programs in C#? [closed]

I'm planning to research & learn from brute force methods, but all the popular ones I found like John the Ripper or hashcat are written in C & OpenGL which I don't have much knowledge about so ...
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78 views

Cryptography as an ecosystem

I was thinking about a thought experiment. Let's imagine a world full of crackers such that whenever you encrypt something there will be someone who will try to crack your cryptographic key through ...
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1answer
116 views

Online brute force attack which will continue in background [closed]

I don't have enough bandwidth for brute force dictionary attacks so I'm searching for a website or a way that I can do brute force attacks as a background process even if I turn my internet ...
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1answer
552 views

Is this possible to brute force 25 billions billions password in less than a month?

i'm using Hashcat for a while & try to solve this challenge: is this possible to crack at least half the possibilities combinations password of 10 character using 94 characters from keyboard with ...
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3answers
11k views

Is this what a brute force SSH attack looks like?

I reviewed the auth.log file on my Ubuntu server to find: [preauth] Feb 22 17:39:18 code-storage sshd[17271]: Disconnected from 147.135.192.203 port 49408 [preauth] Feb 22 17:40:15 code-storage sshd[...