Questions tagged [brute-force]

An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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939 views

Crack Linux password if you have plaintext and hash?

I have a relatively old Linux system, where password are not shadowed, therefore stored in /etc/passwd/. My question is, since I know the cleartext password, and its hash (looking at the passwd file),...
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2answers
126 views

Library or service for rate limiting credit card transactions by IP [closed]

I have a simple product ordering form. A hacker is attempting to validate stolen credit card numbers by making two orders per minute with a bot. 99% of the orders are declined but some are completed....
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539 views

Can a botnet be used to effectively break encryption keys?

Can a botnet amass and coordinate enough computing power to break encryption keys that are typically considered to be secure (through brute force)? If this is the case, do we need to make our ...
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1answer
13k views

Hydra bruteforce is giving wrong passwords. Can't seem to work any help? [closed]

Ok so what im actually trying to do is to bruteforce my own account on some website just to check myself . This is NOT for illegal steps or use , im trying to crack my OWN password , and im trying to ...
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1answer
233 views

Using hashcat for collision attack [closed]

Whenever i tried generate √N randomly(possible combinations of password length), i always find few collisons of the hash password no matter the length, if the password was made of entirely random ...
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1answer
531 views

Brute force MD5 with a prefix and suffix up to n characters/words

I have a couple of things I would like to explore with hashcat. I have a MD5 hashed password, which I know for a fact has a prefix and a suffix. The actual password is located in the middle of the ...
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1answer
193 views

What are the best algorithms against known plaintext attack?

I'd like to encrypt files and their metadata as well. They will be stored in some sort of database (not yet decided, probably pgsql). The metadata can be for example the creation time, the ...
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1answer
2k views

John the Ripper Character Lists

How is it possible to use or prioritize umlauted characters - ä ö ü ß Ä Ö Ü - whilst brute forcing. I'm not using any wordlist, only dozens of CPU threads via the following command : ./john --fork=...
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1answer
923 views

Brute force a hard drive when most of the password is known

I need to access a hard drive that is encrypted with LUKS. The password provided is incorrect, however it is only incorrect by a character or so. The password itself is very strong and above 30 ...
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1answer
1k views

Can someone bruteforce my OSX? (Macbook)

Is it possible for someone to bruteforce or perform a dictionary attack on a Macbook? It's very easy to bypass security of a Windows box (Password Protection) , what is the difficulty level of ...
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818 views

Brute force attacks detection risks

I would like to ask if using brute force attacks on some websites or online services can be risky in any way for the hacker? Let's say that someone is using medusa tool to crack password on his ...
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2answers
7k views

Bruteforcing blowfish

I am quite new to encryption and recently played around with blowfish (openssl's implemenation). I am using a 23 character password (case-sensitive alphanumeric random). I estimate the entropy to be ...
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4answers
739 views

Confidentiality of file hashes

Context: I have a directory full of sensitive company files. I want to compare these files with a colleague at a remote location, without the need for a secure connection. Is it safe for me to ...
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2answers
240 views

How do you overcome the problem of the salt being public and known by the attacker? [duplicate]

I believe that when adding a salt to the password you need to store the values so you can compute the hash again. But, what does happen if the attacker get the salt? How is it possible to add value ...
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1answer
101 views

Is encryption less resistant to brute-forcing compared to hashing?

I understand that a hashing algorithm like bcrypt uses several rounds of hashing to make it computationally expensive for a brute-force attack. How does encryption work against a brute-force attack? I ...
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1answer
106 views

Question about birthday attack on password

Based on birthday attack, you need to generate at least 2^n/2 of possible combination to have 50% chance of finding a password. I have a list of 3000 random password make from 16 characters of upper, ...
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1answer
74 views

Please may I know why I am getting this Sshd log

why I am getting this sshd log Feb 1 13:07:57 sshd[6453]: Failed password for root from 193.34.22.63 port 28980 ssh2 Feb 1 13:08:26 sshd[6897]: Failed password for root from 91.205.189.15 port 48155 ...
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1answer
190 views

I think my raspberry was hacked, what should I do? [duplicate]

First of all, sorry if all of this seems a bit stupid, but my field of expertise is software development, not security. So, here is what happened. 1/ The breach I did something I really shouldn't ...
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1answer
104 views

How is my employer accessing my router when employer's laptop is wirelessly connected to my home network

I have a modem bridged to a modern router running open source software and heavily secured. I have all connections to the router through a personal vpn from a dedicated provider. During work from home ...
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2answers
266 views

Protect MySQL against brute-force attacks on dedicated CentOS 7 server

I have a database in a dedicated server (CentOS 7) setup by an external provider. I see a disgusting amount of brute-force attempts in MySQL log file every day. I know the best option would be to not ...
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1answer
140 views

Are there any good brute force programs in C#? [closed]

I'm planning to research & learn from brute force methods, but all the popular ones I found like John the Ripper or hashcat are written in C & OpenGL which I don't have much knowledge about so ...
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Cryptography as an ecosystem

I was thinking about a thought experiment. Let's imagine a world full of crackers such that whenever you encrypt something there will be someone who will try to crack your cryptographic key through ...
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1answer
486 views

Is this possible to brute force 25 billions billions password in less than a month?

i'm using Hashcat for a while & try to solve this challenge: is this possible to crack at least half the possibilities combinations password of 10 character using 94 characters from keyboard with ...
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1answer
781 views

Which hashcat hash mode is closest to that used by BitLocker?

I'm trying to get a hypothetical benchmark for the BitLocker hash mode if Hashcat would support it. Which (-m) mode is closest to BitLocker's latest/default algorithm? From Google searches I learned ...
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1answer
724 views

Avoid brute force attacks on oAuth authorization server

I've been looking into the oAuth 2 authorization framework for a while now. Yesterday I started wondering how to prevent a brute force attack during the Authorization Code Grant flow (https://tools....
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1answer
901 views

Brute Force Decrypt VeraCrypt - No Rescue Disk - Password Fails

My PC has failed in some way, as the PC was off when I checked it. I checked the CPU temperature etc., and runs at 54deg C in the BIOS, and does not fail when left on. So, I am not sure if it is a ...
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397 views

WordPress 4.7.2 Authentication Cookie Brute-force

I recently came across a WordPress (v 4.7.2) site with an exposed wp-config.php file, within which plain text server authorisation key secrets were accessible. Having read Mike Czumak's article on ...
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1answer
177 views

Decrypt data with known text

So I have an encrypted text file that I know contains the phrase "potatoes are awesome" Is there a way for me to decrypt the text based on me knowing that phrase and the encrypted data? (I also don't ...
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1answer
132 views

Distinguishing Between Brute force and Crawlers in error reporting

I have been receiving a great many emails recently reporting issues within my website that, when gone back and looked up, have been reported as being Brute force attacks. Upon further inspection of ...
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1answer
6k views

How did hackers brute force my Windows server username?

About a year ago my Windows server 2008 R2 server was hacked. I had RDP open to the world, I know, not a good idea. Being that it was a year ago I don't have any of the logs, but I was thinking about ...
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1answer
99 views

Does stretching a hash increase a denial-of-service (DoS) risk and does brute-force protection mitigates that?

Disclaimer: I noticed several questions on this site but none really answer this two questions directly. Therefor I do not consider this duplicate. Personally I really like the article called Some ...
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1answer
519 views

Can a brute force attack be certainly prevented on a unix/linux shell?

I've been getting kind of curious about computer security. I know brute force has been discussed a fair bit on Stack, but I want to elaborate a bit by asking, "Is it possible to /certainly/ stop ...
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1answer
98 views

Can an old fashioned crypt encrypted file be brute forced, if so how?

If I encrypt a file using the old Unix/Linux crypt() function, how can it be decrypted or attacked? I understand how a password file (for example) is attacked, you guess passwords, run them through ...
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1answer
310 views

Ignoring collision and (second) pre-image resistance, what makes a cryptographic hash function strong?

With regards to resistance against dictionary and brute-force attacks to "crack" hashes containing passwords, what determines the resistance of a cryptographic hash function? Since collision ...
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1answer
144 views

Why doesn't SSH use a better algorithm for encrypting keys?

According to the answers in this question, SSH still uses a very basic algorithm for encrypting keys with a passphrase, which can be attacked at a rate of billions tries per second using dedicated ...
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1answer
2k views

THC Hydra 16 Valid Passwords? [duplicate]

So when I do hydra -l Admin -P "rockyou.txt" -s 80 192.168.13.1 http-get / it doesn't work for me. It says all 16 passwords are valid, but none of them works. Can anyone help me with this? I tried ...
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1answer
364 views

What is the best way to generate a password/pin like string using brute force method? [closed]

I have a string of 7 characters. I'm supposed to generate all the combinations. But some combinations are more likely than others, I would like the more likely ones to be generated first. If I ...
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1answer
109 views

Limiting the number of duplicate character types in crunch

I'm trying to generate a password list of 10 character passwords containing only a combination of 3 - 6 numbers and 3 - 6 uppercase letters. I see option -d which allows a set limit of duplicates of ...
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1answer
119 views

Generating passwords with rule: the contents within a 10 characters string must maintain a certain ratio of numbers and letters in no particular order

I'm playing around with Kali and am looking to crack my WPA2 default password. I started generating 10 character passwords with a charset of solely digits and upper alpha lastnight and after 10 mins, ...
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2answers
245 views

How to brute force only username not password?

I want to find the username first, then pass the username and a password list. I could not find flags to ignore password in Ncrack and other related tools. The device I want to find a username is ...
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1answer
88 views

How do these attackers find my IP? [duplicate]

Recently, I have been reading a lot of my ubuntu log files (in /var/log/auth.log), and I can see that some IP addresses are actually trying to 'brute-force' their ways into my VM using SSH by testing ...
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1answer
186 views

NMAP NSE script stopping after 900 seconds (15 minutes)

I am experimenting with ssh bruteforce over my home network using the ssh-brute nse script. I have a short list of usernames (just 12) but a long list of passwords (1M). I can't seem to get the ssh-...
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1answer
2k views

THC Hydra on Windows RDP Domain

I am testing a bruteforce on a windows rdp server within a domain. It seems to not be working because nothing is locking out the account I am targeting. How do you specify a domain username? I tried ...
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1answer
582 views

How to configure hashcat to only hash fixed length passwords with N digits?

I know of mask and dictionary attacks. Using a mask attack, I specify the charset for each position in the password pattern, e.g., ?1?1?d?1?d?1?1?d, where ?1 := ?l?u?s. But how do I tell hashcat to ...
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1answer
234 views

Review on encrypted data storage algorithm

I'm building a small command line tool (mostly for fun) that is meant to store data (such as passwords or files) encrypted into a local database, with a user supplied password, pretty much the same ...
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1answer
129 views

if salt stored in user, will it be possible to use brute force attack? [duplicate]

I had done a lot of research about this topic. Before Researchs I found that some people suggest that to hide salt is not important: https://crackstation.net/hashing-security.htm But also this ...
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3answers
293 views

Can ModSecurity defend from Brute Force Attacks on PHPmyadmin and WordPress as well?

Can the software ModSecurity defend from Brute Force Attacks on PHPmyadmin and WordPress as well? A particular hosting company providing shared hosting told me that ModSecurity should cover ...
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1answer
338 views

RDP Audit Failures Brute Force Attacks

I need some help on tracking the source of these RDP access attempts on our terminal server. Port 3389 is open on the firewall (I know this is a terrible practice. I don't want to hear advice on ...
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1answer
1k views

Efficient Way to Brute Force With Large Wordlist

I am considering attempting to perform an SSH brute force attack on my own device in order to test its security, but I have run into an issue with the wordlist. I know my own password format, as well ...
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1answer
92 views

Experiencing injection / brute force attacks

I'm handling a hosting services for website via WHM. Few months ago, I've been experiencing some automated attacks on the websites that I'm handling. See screenshots below: Are there any remedy for ...