Questions tagged [brute-force]

An attack using every possible input to attempt to produce the correct output. Typically the method of last resort when no weakness allows the use of a more restricted input set. E.g. trying all possible (or likely) passwords, in an attempt to guess the correct one.

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In what situations can a hacker try to break passwords millions of times? [duplicate]

I keep reading about situations where a hacker could "easily" brute force a password (most recent example) but I'm confused about when some has an opportunity to do this kind of thing. If it is a ...
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How bruteforce works code wise

I was wondering how bruteforce methods work from a code level. How does the code get access to a login page for example and insert information into the necessary fields? And is the code able to ...
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do ISPs implement security measures?

For example, if a user is receiving a denial of service attack, with huge amounts of packets being sent to him to disrupt his service, will the ISP notice and stop the offending traffic? Another ...
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716 views

Touch tone phone username and password

I just got off the phone with Fidelity, who manage the health benefits for the company where I work. Before talking to a person, I was prompted to enter my username and password on the numeric keypad: ...
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464 views

How can brute force scripts tell once they're found the correct key?

If you have a random block of data and you encrypt it with a key, how can a brute force script tell when it has found the correct key? Is it possible without some sort of reference to the original ...
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Brute Force In Order Or Random?

Which is faster, on average to find the original plain text of a hash: brute force in-order, or with random plaintexts?
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Password Protected Zip: if attacker had one file, can use it to decrypt all files?

Consider a folder containing the following files: (file1.txt, file2.doc, file3.pdf) all zipped and password protected, if attacker had one of these file, can use it for decrypting all without knowing ...
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Brute force a GUI login?

I know I have read somewhere that the reason the UAC prompt in Windows 7 was employed is that viruses that would supposedly execute privileged instructions won't be able to "click" the confirm button ...
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412 views

Stripping / appending characters from user password before hashing to conceal it forever?

I had this idea to permanently conceal user password by requiring minimum length then stripping certain characters. For example if the user password is secret123, the system will strip it down to ...
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120 views

Prevent subscription ID guessing

I am working on a service which offers information on the road traffic situation. Users can subscribe to the service via an API, indicating the area and road classes they are interested in, and are ...
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79 views

Does digested passwords send over a non encrypted channel offers additional security over plain text passwords?

I am learning about WS-Security and trying to compare different options offered by UsernameToken as described in this document. AFAIK, a digested password is a hash of the plain text password along ...
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BurpSuite Brute Force Iteration

I am working on a security assessment for an online application. When testing the pin verification mechanism and possibilities of brute force, I came across a post request that looks like the below ...
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Nmap http-brute - Supplying arguments for bruting via GET

I'm attempting to brute a site in my test lab with Nmap's http-brute nse, which has the URL structure https://192.168.101.6/api/auth?email=a@b.com&password=pass Unfortunately Nmap's official ...
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How can hackers access WordPress usernames? [duplicate]

Recently I've had brute force attack attempts on some of my WordPress sites and the attackers are using actual usernames other than the default admin (which was removed). How is it possible for them ...
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How do you know if blowfish key is correct?

Encryption novice here so maybe this question makes no sense... Obviously if you know what the clear text is and it decrypts right, you have it. But if someone is running through keys to break the ...
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Botnet Attempting to Login to Website

Our server has recently become a target of what appears to be a botnet attack. The first indication was an insane amount of traffic to one of our client's websites - so heavy that the server entirely ...
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How many possibilities can today's computers check (per second) in a SHA512 hash of a 50-byte-long random entry? [closed]

The problem I want to avoid is "brute force" attacks against a database. So if I add a 50-byte-long cryptographically random salt to my information (which I don't need to retrieve, just its hash) - is ...
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423 views

Mass account lockout prevention using CSRF tokens

I'm currently working on reducing the risk of mass account lockout on a site that (unfortunately) issues sequential, numeric user IDs. Changing the structure of the userID is not an option at this ...
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757 views

How to speed up brute forcing of finding a WEP key from a captured file?

I have been working on decrypting a WEP .cap file using crunch. It has 1268 IVs. I am wondering: Can I get a clue from the captured file to speed the process of brute-forcing? If not, what other ways ...
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Why are SQL servers not attacked as frequently as ssh servers?

I have a server running with both SSH and MySQL accessible to the public internet. Both run on default ports (22 and 3306). The ssh server is attacked by bots all the time. This is the output of ...
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119 views

Online brute force attack which will continue in background [closed]

I don't have enough bandwidth for brute force dictionary attacks so I'm searching for a website or a way that I can do brute force attacks as a background process even if I turn my internet ...
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242 views

Can SSL traffic encrypted with a weak cypher be bruteforced?

Take the following scenario: Attacker performs a man-in-the-middle attack on Client, redirecting the DNS records of www.example.com to point to a malicious server Client connects to the malicious ...
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Is signing safe from brute force attacks?

I am using itsdangerous to sign a string using a secret key. It says that the signing mechanism is HMAC and SHA1 and that it is an implementation of the Django signing module. Assuming I use one ...
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756 views

Understanding how to prevent rapid-fire login attempts

I'm having problems to fully understand how to prevent rapid-fire login attempts. My questions basically come from the The definitive guide to form-based website authentication. The final ...
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3k views

Brute force HMAC SHA256 (HS256) equals to break JSON web token signature?

The format of JSON Web Token is: encoded (header). encoded(payload). signature with a secret (for example, use sha256 to sign). In case of hmac sha256 (HS256)-selected JWT, if the secret is not long ...
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968 views

Creating a wordlist knowing parameters

I need to crack my own router password. Advantage is that I know possible characters and maximum length. What I need is to create a dictionary. The dictionary should contain all the combos of ...
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Can LastPass local password store (on a Android device) be brute forced in a usual way?

I' trying to figure out how secure LastPass is if you have it on your Android device and it gets stolen. If I'm not mistaken there has to be a password vault stored somewhere locally on the device. ...
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How to brute force HTTP Basic Authentication requested with XHR?

How can one brute force a website using HTTP Basic authentication using metasploit which uses XHR in background? I am getting error "No URI found that asks for HTTP authentication". Relevant headers ...
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Brute force time estimation - random sequence

I would like to ask if there are 2^1000 possibilities to choose from, how long would it take go through them all on average? (in terms of min, hours or years) Note: This is not necessary related to ...
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Is there any defense against Brute-Force done on a local encrypted file?

Let me start off by saying I don't know very much about encryption, hashing, cracking, etc. I'm just a typical computer enthusiasts, programmer and researcher with many questions. So, I've discovered ...
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67 views

Can the aproximated date on which a given Encryption Algorithm will become prone to brute force be predicted?

I have a very elementary understanding about encryption so this question may have false assumptions, Lets take an encryption algorithm that is impractical to break through bruteforce with today's ...
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3k views

Computing RSA 1024-bit Decryption Performance [closed]

I want to be able to tell how many keys per second, using RSA 1024-bit keys, can be checked on a standard Pentium 4 system. How can I use this to determine decryption performance, and possibly ...
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777 views

Hash, encryption of file… key? Need help [closed]

So my previous question was with some help on pcap files as I am doing a security course and we have a challenge to figure out what was going on in our network. Now one of the files I retrieved is an ...
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117 views

Is it possible to prevent WiFi password brute-forcing?

Are there any measures I can set, except using a better password, to prevent someone brute-forcing a WiFi password?
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Bruteforce Veracrypt

I forgot my Veracrypt password, I have around 1000-2000 possible password combination and I need a software to bruteforce the password on Windows. What software would that be?
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854 views

Are partial passwords a security improvement over full passwords?

With full password authentication, you need to enter the full password every time. With partial password authentication, you're asked for some subset of the password each time, and which characters ...
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611 views

Please explain the vulnerability for the pre-shared Key for IKEv1 brute force IPSec

After the vulnerability was released for IPSec IKEv1 PSKs, our organization decided to increase the size and complexity of the PSK. However, upon releasing the new PSK we had a few issues: ...
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1answer
2k views

brute force ssh account with key-pair authentication?

Recently one of my servers has been hacked and it seems they got SSH access (logs are removed, ransom readme files created etc..). The account has a ssh certificate authentication (incl. passphrase ...
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OWASP ZAP bruteforce by password not username

I want to bruteforce a login page using OWASP ZAP, using two separate passwords (90 lines) and username (200 lines) files, with the bruteforce POST requests to be ordered by password like: user001:...
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How would I brute-force a Bitlocker recovery key?

I have imaged a hard disk and used passware, but to no avail - it says Encryption key External key, and not the actual key. How do you think I would go about brute forcing it? Lets assume I had ...
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265 views

VPN - Why is my NAT'ed Laptop being SSH-brute-forced by External IPs when in VPN?

I am using a commercial paid licence to a VPN provider, which I use on two boxes, a FreeBSD, and a Linux BackBox. When connected to this proxy, my interface receives a public IP from the VPN ...
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4k views

Brute forcing using hydra

I'm try to do brute force attack on a system and I have complete word list of the possible passwords because they use a really simple format but when I tried hydra with the following post responses, ...
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364 views

Is it secure to allow an account to use `test123!` as their password?

I'm working on tightening up security for the auth layer of my app and I'm currently making a call on the complexity I'll require for passwords. Is there a 'standard' recommendation for complexity? ...
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Public/private key auth and VPN

If a server uses public/private key authentication to access SSH, will there be any advantage of restricting the access of SSH over VPN? This link describes both approaches to solve brute force ...
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Why is the brute force search time for hashing algorithms 2^(num_bits / 2)?

I noticed that the brute force times (the time it takes to find a message that hashes to a given hash) of various hashing algorithms seems to be 2^(num_bits / 2). For example, people say that brute ...
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9k views

Bruteforce using crunch and Aircrack (custom starting number?)

I'm trying to do a Bruteforce attack on a handshake taken from my wireless network that is not WPS enabled. The reason I'm doing it is because I'm testing how strong a 10 digit phone number is as a ...
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1k views

How to make an efficient bruteforce attack on Windows? [closed]

I've been trying to figure out a way to efficiently bruteforce on Windows, but the method I currently have isn't very efficient. I did some profiling and found out that on average it can go through ...
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624 views

What is the strength of the key derivation function on Android device encryption?

What is is strength of the key derivation? Specifically, how many milliseconds or microseconds would it take a desktop computer to check a guessed password to see if it is a match? I am aware this ...
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How can one mitigate both account-level DOS attacks and online brute force attacks at the same time?

I was recently reading this question, where the accepted answer claims that it is easy for attackers to bypass rate limiting that is based on IP, which makes any sort of IP rate limiting to prevent a ...
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Protect Wordpress against ddos attack [closed]

The above screenshot is from my website's cpanel visitors list.My website is build on wordpress. And I think someone is trying hard to crack open my website with DDOS attack and drain out my 10gb ...

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