Questions tagged [defense]

Defense is the use of security countermeasures to protect the integrity of the information assets in an IT system and/or infrastructure.

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293
votes
3answers
71k views

CRIME - How to beat the BEAST successor?

With the advent of CRIME, BEAST's successor, what possible protection is available for an individual and/or system owner in order to protect themselves and their users against this new attack on TLS?
39
votes
5answers
142k views

What can a hacker do with an IP address?

I have an internet connection with a static IP address. Almost all staff in my office know this IP address. Should I take any extra care to protect myself from hackers?
22
votes
4answers
9k views

Options when defending against SSLstrip?

I'm wondering, does anyone have any suggestions to defend against SSLstrip particularly?
27
votes
2answers
8k views

Guidance for implementors of HTTPS-only sites (Server side)

The recent trend in HTTPS attacks is to attack the HTTP protocol. What should I do to increase my site's security if the only protocol I want is HTTPS? Some easy to implement ideas are Implement ...
41
votes
4answers
72k views

How secure is 7z encryption?

I have a text file in which I store all my bank details. I compress and encrypt it with 7-Zip using the following parameters: Compression parameters: Archive format: 7z Compression level: Ultra ...
69
votes
17answers
4k views

Why do law-abiding citizens need strong security?

The layman's counter-argument I run in to for any complaint about inadequate security seems to always take the form: You don't need security if you aren't doing something illegal. This kind of ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Security of decompression tools

How safe is it to decompress untrusted files with unrar-free? With unzip? I'm using debian jessie. What steps can be taken to minimize the threat while extracting the file's contents?
29
votes
7answers
4k views

When do honest people need privacy or anonymity? (e.g. they have nothing to hide) [closed]

I'm having a discussion with someone who thinks they don't need technical measures of privacy or anonymity. Common arguments against needing to care about privacy or anonymity include: Everything ...
32
votes
6answers
7k views

How safe are employee laptops in China against International corporate espionage?

I recently took a business trip to China. Our IT department told me I could not take my normal machine, and instead gave me a loaner. This loaner had MS Outlook and was linked to my normal company e-...
172
votes
26answers
22k views

Convince people not to share their password with trusted others

IT workers are usually trusted by their family members who readily share passwords (Facebook, email, twitter, you-name-it!) so they can get easy help to set what-ever-parameter they don't find or ...
102
votes
19answers
15k views

How to explain to traditional people why they should upgrade their old Windows XP device?

This is an issue I'm recurringly facing: older people from my family (or people who my family members know) can be surprisingly reluctant to apply most basic security measures when they're using their ...
27
votes
3answers
6k views

NoScript: How to determine which sites/scripts to whitelist?

NoScript is a great plug-in, both for security and for ad blocking. However, I've found it's not always easy to figure out what scripts need to be permitted on certain pages, to be able to use the ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

Is there a test for KRACK (devices and routers)?

After Heartbleed was announced, a number of tests popped up that let me test if a server I was connecting to was patched, unpatched or unknown. For example, https://filippo.io/Heartbleed/ Is such a ...
8
votes
3answers
8k views

What can a hacker do when he has physical access to a system?

I mean, I'm a tech guy here in my region (not a hacker...). When I sit in the front of another person's PC, I notice a little fear about what I can do in the system. It's obvious that I will not ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Why should XSS filters escape forward slash?

In OWASP recommendations regarding escaping untrusted input for HTML element content, they list the following: & --> &amp; < --> &lt; > --> &gt; " --> &quot; ' --...
3
votes
2answers
211 views

As a user, how can I defend myself from disclosed unpatched zero-day vulnerabilities?

In the wake of the Hacking Team breach on July 6th, 2015 [1] [2] I heard that some previously unknown zero-day exploits might surface (apparently one for Flash already has). Once these exploits ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Do any Exchange hardening guidelines recommend disabling OWA Webready? Should they?

For the fourth time in over a year, Exchange OWA has put our internal network at risk due to a remote code execution flaw that exists on the server runtime. This risk is compounded by the fact ...
87
votes
12answers
12k views

What is different about being targeted by a professional attacker?

It is often said that security tools such as firewalls, antivirus programs, etc. are only effective against random, untargeted attacks. If you are specifically targeted by an intentional, professional ...
91
votes
10answers
22k views

Does it improve security to use obscure port numbers?

I recently started a job at a small company where the CTO prefers to host SSH services at obscure, high numbered ports on our servers rather than the well known port 22. His rationale is that "it ...
24
votes
5answers
4k views

Should I let a user know they have entered an unknown username or email address?

On my website I have a password reset page that users can use if they have forgotten their password. On this page they can enter their username or their email address and hit "reset" which will send ...
29
votes
2answers
25k views

What role does clock synchronization play in SSL communcation

We've recently implemented WS Trust security over SSL for our client / server communications. Our application is used by thousands of our customers, spread out all over the world. One of the ...
21
votes
3answers
57k views

Secure FTP access; best practices

We have several web applications (B2B, B2C eCommerce) to which developers have access in order to upload files. I need to ensure FTP part is well secure. What is the best way(s) to go about it? ...
24
votes
8answers
10k views

Is possible to get infected by only staying connected to the Internet (nothing else)?

I have a router and I'm the only user. I have a computer with Linux and a tablet with Windows 8.1. Because of a few problems, I had to reinstall Windows on the tablet. Since I'm a bit paranoid about ...
10
votes
3answers
10k views

Storing application secrets safely on Linux

I have an linux application that needs to read a secret to decrypt some data. The application also allows the users to change the encryption password during runtime. The application will run under a ...
8
votes
1answer
811 views

What are some good ways to secure personal computers

I see that many topics here are related to securing data, equipment at an enterprise level. Good advice includes stuff like blocking all unused ports, allowing only whitelisted traffic and installing ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Is there a best practice to handle vulnerability scanning attempts?

We've found a number of attempts to access non-existent pages in our IIS logs, specifically a lot of variations on phpMyAdmin URLs. My kneejerk reaction would be to block these IPs, but I have a ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Are there established and/or curated security benchmarks/best practices for home appliances and networks?

I have seen several security standards and best practices for organizations (CIS, HIPPAA, PCI DSS) but are there any for homes? If yes, where can I find them? It would be nice for homeowners to have ...
1
vote
4answers
3k views

Is there any defense against Brute-Force done on a local encrypted file?

Let me start off by saying I don't know very much about encryption, hashing, cracking, etc. I'm just a typical computer enthusiasts, programmer and researcher with many questions. So, I've discovered ...
8
votes
5answers
979 views

How to prevent pay per show/click abuse?

We have a webapp. 3rd party websites put our banners on their pages (banner is a snippet of HTML). They are paid for it using "Pay per click" or "Pay per show" methods. So 3rd party website's owners ...
7
votes
3answers
274 views

Server Infection: post-cleanup best practices

I've read through How do I deal with a compromised server? and have followed the steps to cleaning-up/mitigating any future damage. I'm just wondering if there are any post-clean up steps that are ...
4
votes
1answer
583 views

Exploitation of missing is_uploaded_file check?

The PHP documentation for is_uploaded_file says: Returns TRUE if the file named by filename was uploaded via HTTP POST. This is useful to help ensure that a malicious user hasn't tried to trick ...
3
votes
4answers
846 views

How effective are password checking websites? [duplicate]

I typed the following password in howsecureismypassword.net: yummy candy yummy It said it would take 100 billion years for a personal computer to crack. Is this accurate? Even though it has English ...
1
vote
2answers
15k views

Trying to get rid of hackers who have access to all my devices [closed]

What is the best way to go about getting rid of hackers that have gained access to all my personal computers, (both old and recently purchased) phones, and even random computers I use to simply get ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Is it acceptable for customer service to ask for my PIN?

I tried to initiate an online chat with customer service of a company I am trying to do business with this weekend, but before they would answer any of my questions they requested that I give them the ...
3
votes
1answer
434 views

Can TLS Compression be enabled on 3rd party CDN sites that have no authentication?

In this answer, @Thomas Pornin talks about remediating the CRIME attack and says: (It is a shame to have to remove SSL compression, because it is very useful to lower bandwidth requirements, ...