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Questions tagged [diffie-hellman]

Diffie-Hellman is a method for establishing a shared secret that can be used as a cryptographic key.

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How to Formalize Noise Protocol Messages

I try to understand the messages of the Noise Protocol Framework. The handshakes are based on Diffie-Hellmann key exchange. This is an example for a handshake pattern: -> e <- e, ee, s, es I ...
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TLS-Handshake, Server Key Exchange, Diffie-Hellman: Where does key length come from?

Where does the key length come from? In this example it is 2048 bits long: Secure Sockets Layer TLSv1.2 Record Layer: Handshake Protocol: Server Key Exchange Content Type: Handshake (22)...
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53 views

Self-signed certificates and ephemeral Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol

If we use a self-signed certificate, is ephemeral Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol vulnerable to a man in the middle attack?
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Diffie-Hellman with non-prime modulus

When using the Diffie-Hellman key-exchange, it is said to be important to use a safe prime. However, if a non-prime modulus with sufficient bit-length is generated, is there an attack that can be used ...
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61 views

Public key encryption confusion

I'm learning Linux, and currently SSH. But there are details that I don't really understand. I've seen and understood how Diffie-Hellman key exchanges work from a mathematical point of view, but what ...
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Is the server's private key needed in the Diffie Hellman key exchange? [duplicate]

I understand the Diffie Hellman key exchange. What I don't understand is the role the server's private key plays in it. I'm not talking about the servers generated secret. I understand that purpose ...
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111 views

How to find the DH prime value (if 1024 or 2048) from Internet?

I have to ensure that the server when communicating on the Internet needs to have DH prime value of 2048 bits or greater. I can find out the cipher suites that are used but cannot derive the DH ...
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98 views

OpenSSL - 2040 bit temporary key size, 2048 bit private key

Recently, I had an OpenVAS scan report that a TLS connection to Postfix used a temporary key size of 2040 bits, instead of the 2048 bits that I have set for my key size, and I have perfect forward ...
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63 views

Perfect forward secrecy in Instant Messaging with multiple devices

I have read multiple sites online about PFS and DH but I still have a few questions. I understand that in order to have PFS you must use different keys to encrypt messages. So your IM client could be ...
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1answer
260 views

How to verify Diffie Hellman uses a “Safe” prime

I'm the developer for a web application that was recently pen tested. One of the vulnerabilities reported from the pen test is that our server uses an unsafe Diffie-Hellman prime in our key exchange. ...
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1answer
190 views

How does TLS work (RSA, Diffie-Hellman, PFS)?

I know "How TLS works" has been discussed numerous times here and crypto, but I am still somewhat confused and would like to summarize what I know so far 1 in this giant blob of text with the hope ...
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34 views

Usage of SSL_CTX_use_certificate

While building a context through openssl, if I do not provide a certificate by using the function SSL_CTX_use_certificate, would all the connections from that context default to anonymous diffie-...
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39 views

Can a DH param .pem file force the usage of only a single type of diffie-hellman exchange

Is it possible to create a diffie-hellman param .pem file to force the openssl ctx to use only a certain type of dh exchange. For example, I know that it can be used to set the length of the dh key, ...
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Understand DHE security in TLS

SSL Labs says that a website I control supports weak ciphersuites because they have DH 1024 bit, e.g. this one: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_256_GCM_SHA384 (0x9f). I tried to connect to the website from my ...
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76 views

ECDH and static key encryption

It's been a while and I'm still trying to figure out if my understanding of ECC crypto is correct. Basically from what I understood a purely asymmetric encryption is never used. Usually the ...
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229 views

How to optimize the diffie hellman key exchange algorithm

I am making a chat feature in my app where I want to encrypt it E2EE, but the problem is when I start to calculate the public key (public key = g^private % n) it takes a decade to get it done. I need ...
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1answer
161 views

BouncyCastle and Microsoft Cng ECDH secret key mismatch

I'm trying to refactor some client-side code from BouncyCastle to Microsoft Cng. I've figured out how to convert key format(ECC key blobs) between them, but I couldn't calculate the same secret. ...
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Why Diffie-Hellman instead of just share the secret [duplicate]

I read that D-H is used to make a shared secret between parties that then they use to encrypt the messages. This is used in TLS, for example, after the server has authenticated itself with a ...
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132 views

Signal Protocol: How is identity exchanged if a key exchange hasn't happened yet?

On Signal's blog they mention that keys for accessing your profile are exchanged normally with your contacts using the Signal Protocol just like messages are (implying they are already contacts and ...
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WPA technical doubts (3)

This is the third post about the set of doubts that came up when I tried to understand WPA3. I am new to this world of cyber-security so every bit of help is welcome! Someone told me that in WPA2 ...
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64 views

Different Diffie–Hellman key per site?

I recently put each of my sites through the ssl labs analyzer and now have them all running with an A+ getting perfect scores with every metric except Key Exchange at 90. As part of this I have ...
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59 views

Advantage Of ECDH-RSA over RSA Ciphersuites In TLS

If ECDH-RSA is used for key exchange, this is what happens: The server has its public ECDH parameter embedded within its certificate. The client generates its public ECDH parameter, extracts the ...
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187 views

Diffie-Hellman protocol CA, confusing

In the Diffie-Hellman protocol, if the participants have their own private key and a generated public key. How can we determine whether or not they have a trusted CA for authentication or just the ...
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191 views

understanding MITM attack [duplicate]

hi Everyone please correct me if im wrong for my understanding for the man in the middle attack used in a variant of diffie hellman key exchange . am i right to say that a protocol is susceptible to ...
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121 views

Why use a separate key exchange method like DH during the TLS handshake [duplicate]

Ok first off I'm very familiar with the TLS handshake, the purpose of PKI and key exchange methods. My question is why use a complicated key exchange method like Diffie Hellman when the client could ...
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687 views

Is server public key and Diffie Hellman public are the same?

I am trying to understand the working of TLS. I understand that there are various way to generate the master secret used to encrypting the data. Such as DH (Ephemeral DHE) and RSA. I understand that, ...
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833 views

diffie-hellman size 2048 and key with size 1024

I want to increase the security of my Tomcat and to configure diffie-hellman module size 2048. I want to add to my CATALINA_OPTS -Djdk.tls.ephemeralDHKeySize=2048 What happens if I have configured it ...
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Diffie-Hellman in Android File Transfer application [closed]

I'm working on the famous android app to transfer files using WiFi-Direct technology: https://github.com/Miserlou/Android-SDK-Samples/tree/master/WiFiDirectDemo I want to implement a key exchange ...
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1answer
1k views

How can disabling Diffie-Hellman cipher for packet inspection be secure?

I have noticed that a number of network packet monitoring tools on the market today seem to have roughly the same recommended configuration parameters as described below: Disable Diffie Hellman in ...
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1answer
85 views

Exchange of public keys with DHE-RSA

The paper "Imperfect Forward Secrecy: How Diffie-Hellman Fails in Practice" by Adrian et al claims that the NSA might be able to eavesdrop on a large percentage of TLS connections, because they ...
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How to perform a MITM attack on SSH exploiting the Diffie Hellman key exchange

I have an open-ended project for a class and I picked to make a tool/use existing tools and applications to exploit the Diffie-Hellman key exchange to be able to inject, modify and delete messages ...
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1answer
3k views

Is Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol vulnerable to man in the middle attack?

Diffie–Hellman key exchange protocol vulnerable to man in the middle attack? If yes, then what type of MITM is that? I believe that is a replay attack or a relay attack, not sure though.
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Setup Wireshark to decrypt TLS_DHE

I have a passively sniffed traffic dump of client/server were packets are encrypted with cipher suite Cipher Suite: TLS_DHE_RSA_WITH_AES_128_GCM_SHA256 (0x009e) With a Logjam attack I managed to ...
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105 views

Does LoraWan protocol's Over The Air Activation run Diffie Hellman?

I am looking at the LoraWan protocol specification and I want to capture the over the air activation of a device. So far I have seen the: https://zakelijkforum.kpn.com/lora-forum-16/over-the-air-...
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337 views

OpenSSL Base64 output has wrong length

I try to generate an ECDH P-256 key pair as required for web push messages. openssl ecparam -name prime256v1 -genkey -noout -out priv_key.pem ... generates the keys. openssl ec -noout -text -in ...
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1answer
590 views

Why does TLS 1.3 deprecate custom DHE groups?

According to the second draft of the TLS 1.3 specification, custom DH groups have been deprecated. As we all know, hardcoded DH groups are vulnerable to a precomputation attack that allows retroactive ...
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152 views

RSA relation to SSH key exchange

I do not fully understand SSH. I was hoping someone could fix my confusion. When you generate an ssh key pair, you create four files. authorized_keys, id_rsa, id_rsa.pub and known_hosts My ...
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306 views

Limitations of TLS Inspection when using Diffie-Hellman

It is my understanding that TLS Inspection can be carried out of two different ways: 1st Approach: Using a proxy server which negotiates TLS with both ends. In this scenario, there would be 2 ...
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48 views

Visual verification of DH parameter hashes vs derived password hashes

Let us assume the following: Alice and Bob are performing Diffie-Hellman key exchange over an unprotected channel. Eve is an active attacker (capable of dropping, modifying and constructing packets on ...
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1answer
184 views

How can one guarantee that a Diffie-Hellman initial key exchange is not stored? [duplicate]

I might have missed parts of the technicality when it comes to the initial state of the key exchange. However, If I'm not wrong, if the initial key exchange is done over an insecure channel, how can ...
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118 views

Diffie Hellman master secret TLS1.2

I have been trying to calculate the master secret used to encrypt some data using the client public key B, the server private key a and the client and server random values. I have calculated k=B^a, ...
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1answer
366 views

Limit on modulus lines in OpenSSH /etc/ssh/moduli file?

I understand that OpenSSH server looks in /etc/ssh/moduli and picks a modulus at random for each Diffie-Hellman group exchange. What I am wondering is whether there is a practical limit on how many ...
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255 views

Diffie Hellman Pre Master Secret too long

As far as I understood, when using Diffie Hellman, the pre master secret is generated as follows: Alice and Bob agree on a generator g and a prime p Alice chooses a primary key a, calculates A = g^a ...
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391 views

What's the usage of the signature algorithm in TLS_DH_* cipher suites?

According to RFC5246 A.5 there are cipher suites TLS_DH_RSA_* and TLS_DH_DSS_*. How / where does the signature algorithm RSA resp. DSA from the cipher suite come into play when using (non-ephermal) ...
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1answer
497 views

Possible MITM attacks on ECDH-RSA or ECDHE-RSA prevents

As I understood a simplified ECDH-RSA key exchange protocol works like below Alice request Bob for its ECDH public key Bob generates ECDH parameters and sign them with a CA provided RSA certificate. ...
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1answer
299 views

TLS - DHE_DSS: How does client know public DSS-server key?

I wonder where the public server key g^x for DSS authentication is communicated to the client when a DHE_DSS cipher suite is used in TLS 1.2. Precisely: A DSS certificate contains crypto parameters (...
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Diffie Hellman Group Matching to IPSec Encryption Algorithm

I'm looking for help determining acceptable Diffie Hellman (DH) Groups for specific IPSec IKE and ESP Encryption Algorithms. The goal is to choose DH groups that provide adequate protection for the ...
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293 views

Online Diffe-Hellman Tool

So I stumbled upon this website which provides a service to generate Diffe-Hellman paramaters online for free to the public. Surely using a website like this would be a bad idea to use in a ...
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261 views

Why send HMAC in reverse direction when performing verified DH with downgrade protection?

The purpose of this procedure is that Alice and Bob perform a verified Diffie-Hellman key exchange. It goes like this: Alice sends her supported signature schemes to Bob. It just says "supported ...
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1answer
733 views

Will changing the TLS Diffie-Hellman key exchange bit length from 1024 to 2048 cause client/browser compatibility issues?

Recently discovered the need to upgrade our DH key exchange length (used for TLS) from 1024 bits to 2048 bits (due to Logjam exploit and other factors). The question is: How will making that change ...