Questions tagged [fido]

FIDO (Fast IDentity Online) is a technical specification for biometric authentication to online services.

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1answer
32 views

Why isn't U2F's CTAP protocol forwards-compatible with FIDO2's CTAP protocol?

I've been trying to find the major differences between "U2F" versus "FIDO2" two-factor authentication standards. Reading some of the articles posted by different companies and even ...
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Why would a U2F key be more secured than an OTP device?

I have a Yubikey 5, I can store a PGP key inside, it has OTP abilities, FIDO, NFC, etc... Which is great for a device like this. First of all, I understand how a smart card is more secured than an app/...
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If FIDO2 just adds WebAuthn to CTAP why are only some keys compatible? [closed]

I've been trying to find the major differences between "U2F" versus "FIDO2" two-factor authentication standards. Reading some of the articles posted by different companies and even ...
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0answers
314 views

Implementing FIDO2 (WebAuthN) in Native iOS

I am currently investigating the idea of implementing FIDO2 (WebAuthN) support in native iOS using Swift. I understand that there is no FIDO2 support in native iOS, and only available through Safari ...
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1answer
102 views

Are hardware security keys (e.g ones supporting Fido2) “able to protect authentication” even in case of compromised hosts?

Correct me if I am wrong, please. I understand that 2FA (MFA) increases account security in case an attacker obtains a password which might be possible via various ways, e.g. phishing, database breach,...
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1answer
276 views

Where are FIDO U2F Keys Stored?

I'm getting conflicting information on how the security keys are stored and used. Where are the public and private keys stored? If the private key is stored on the Yubikey itself, how many can it hold?...
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41 views

Can FIDO be implemented for a Use Case which Allows the Use of Shared Devices?

I am a part of an organization that is developing a website that required user authentication, and we are strongly considering FIDO compliance. However, our use case requires users to be able to log-...
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FIDO2 - Where do Android and IOS platform authenticators store private key credentials?

I'm new to FIDO2 specification. I'm aware that Android and IOS devices support FIDO2 protocols (even Android phones could act as a physical key for FIDO2 authentication). However, Could anyone let me ...
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Benefit of using OpenSSH FIDO/U2F support over GPG mode?

OpenSSH version 8.2 introduced support for FIDO/U2F hardware authenticators, via the new public key types "ecdsa-sk" and "ed25519-sk". I currently have SSH authentication set up in combination with ...
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How does the attestation mechanism of U2F guarantee the provenance of the key material?

I'm trying to understand Yubico's documentation of the U2F standard, and getting hung up on the PIV attestation piece. The security claim appears to be that the authoritatively-signed attestation ...
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WebAuthn Variation with non-connect dongle Authenticator

As I read through the WebAuthn / FIDO2 documentation, it appears the authentication is done on the local device to create an attestation to the FIDO server. This future implies the "biometrics" or ...
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227 views

Does injecting my own key material into the authenticator undermine authenticator's attestation?

I'd like to be able to inject my own key material in the FIDO2 authenticator; at the very least it will remove the need to trust the vendor (because we have no guarantee whether the vendor keeps ...
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1answer
1k views

FIDO and FIDO2 differences

I've been reading both FIDO and FIDO2 specs for a while tring to understand the similarities and differences between both. Here is how I broke it down so far: FIDO: First iteration in creating a ...
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Practicality of Direct Anonymous Attestation [closed]

DAA (Direct Anonymous Attestation) is not the only scheme to achieve anonymous attestation. In general, these schemes allow an entity to stay anonymous throughout the attestation process. The concern ...
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735 views

Can an Android Phone be used as a Windows Hello Security Key?

Microsoft Windows 10 does support physical security keys since some time. Google recently announced that Android phones can be used as security keys as well (primarily for their own services). Is ...
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1answer
722 views

FIDO U2F - MacOS TouchBar

I understand how FIDO works with yubikey: Yubikey device has a symmetric key and it uses appId, nonce and symmetric key to generate key pair for a website. And the device gives back public key and ...
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2answers
188 views

Hardware security key with locked down usb slots

I would like to use hardware security keys in an environment where it is additionally needed to lock down any ways in which a user could download data to a device like a usb key. Is it possible to ...
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1answer
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FIDO2: will FIDO foundation MDS 1.0 metadata statements be migrated to MDS 2.0?

The FIDO foundation provides with metadata web service for UAF (MDS 1.0, https://mds.fidoalliance.org/) and a new web services for FIDO2 / WebAuthn metadata (MDS 2.0, see https://fidoalliance.org/...
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1answer
461 views

How do FIDO keys prevent MITM reflection attacks?

FIDO keys, used for 2 factor authentication are based on a challenge-response mechanism. Besides generating a common 1-time-key using diffie-hellman, or transferring all data over TLS, how can they ...
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119 views

Storing TOTP codes on a Feiteian ePass FIDO key

I'm looking for some Android apps that can store / read TOTP codes off of a Feitian ePass FIDO key using NFC. There appears to be a fairly simple way with a yubico key / and key but I don't know how ...
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1answer
231 views

Does FIDO2 token works as two-factor on password-less authentication?

As authentication factors, I know the following You are (e.g. Biometrics) You have (e.g. USB) You know (e.g. Password) If I use a FIDO2 certified fingerprint reader for password-less authentication ...
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Which party stores the link between user and device in WebAuthn?

Looking at the online resources regarding WebAuthn, I still haven't been able to figure out which of the involved components (or parties) that store the link between the user and his/her authenticator ...
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294 views

Is using WebAuthn alone considered as two factor authentication?

Will using WebAuthn for an application make it two factor? I am specifically interested in using Ondevice biometrics and achieve passwordless authentication. For a true two factor authentication you ...
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1answer
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FIDO2 on Windows: Why do I need a TPM?

I just installed the Windows 10 1809 update, which includes support for FIDO2 passwordless sign-in. I own a Yubikey 5, which supports this standard. However, I am not able to set up Windows Hello, a ...
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1answer
103 views

A FIDO U2F Device relies on public/private keys. Do they expire like in regular x509 certificates?

A FIDO U2F Device relies on public/private keys. Do they expire like in regular x509 certificates ?
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Are FIDO U2F keys (like dual Yubikeys or dual Google Titan keys) undermined by the Google account recovery process?

According to the Google information page here: https://support.google.com/accounts/answer/6103523 If you don’t have another second step or forgot your password Note: 2-Step Verification requires an ...
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1answer
669 views

password managers and FIDO

I've just been reading some posts about FIDO support (or the lack thereof) in password managers and want to check whether my understanding is correct. My understanding of FIDO (v1) is that the device ...
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1answer
158 views

Can an infected endpoint steal private keys from a FIDO U2F Hardware Token / Yubikey?

Is it possible for an infected endpoint to steal private keys from a FIDO U2F Hardware Token / Yubikey? What attacks exist against these hardware tokens? What mitigations are possible? For the scope ...
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286 views

U2F FIDO sends identifiable serial numbers

As all of the FIDO Alliance documents state, the FIDO U2F protocols should never be able to abused to identify whether a user has multiple accounts with one service, or for services to collude and ...
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1answer
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Webauthn configuration differences in Firefox

I'm trying to understand what the different configuration elements mean in Mozilla Firefox. There was an announcement recently from Dropbox that they had enabled support for WebAuthn. I tried logging ...
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238 views

Handling the loss of a phone with FIDO UAF

I would like to know how this UAF method works when we lose our phone. With Google Authenticator we have to save on a paper some info about the generation of the secret key. But how does this work ...
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283 views

How exactly do Fido Keys work? [closed]

Recently I acquired a security Fido key that allows me to use the U2F protocol on some of my accounts. Now I know that these keys use public/private keys for the specified account but I'm stuck on the ...
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Are all the FIDO U2F tools from Yubico cross-compatible

So I recently got myself one U2F security key to experiment with all the services that support it. However I didn't go for the mainstream option (Yubikey) since most models are quite expensive for my ...
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1answer
553 views

Why doesn't a device with x509/PKCS#11 and U2F exist?

I've been looking for a device, smartcard or USB that does two things: provide storage to a private digital signature key (used with in a standard x509 certificate) for signing documents provide ...
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1answer
508 views

U2F protocol - Counter value & device cloning

My question is about the U2F protocol and more precisely cloning detection. According to the doc : "If there is a possibility that a U2F token can be cloned, we also need some way to detect it. We ...
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1answer
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MITM attacks on FIDO UAF and U2F [closed]

In Section 6 of the Universal 2nd Factor (U2F) Overview, where MITM attacks are discussed – near the end of the section, it reads: It is still possible to MITM a user's authentication to a site if ...
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1answer
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How should I implement FIDO UAF architecture?

I'm new to FIDO (Fast IDentity Online), and want to add FIDO UAF (Universal Authentication Framework) support to my website. I've few queries: Suppose, I've built my own FIDO Client. Is there any ...
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Why is FIDO U2F an entirely different standard from FIDO UAF instead of just a subset?

As you may already be aware, the Universal 2nd Factor (U2F) standard is a standard for 2nd-factor authentication which allows users to authenticate to web applications using a USB hardware token. ...
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546 views

In the context of FIDO U2F, when is a new ephemeral key reused, or cached?

I'm reading this paper from Yubico on Universal Second Factor and OpenID Connect and see the description about ephemeral keys I'm confused on when a ephemeral key is used, and under what conditions ...
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Using Fido U2F or similar as primary authentication method?

I've been wondering about this for a while, but couldn't find much on the web, so I hope that someone could point me in the right direction for better understanding about this topic. Would it be ...
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1answer
88 views

Can counter-based OTPs instantly be reused at multiple services?

I am reading about hardware-based 2FA and wonder about counter-based OTPs generated from, for example, a Yubikey. I have read that in these cases, a push of a button generates a string composed of a ...
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1answer
248 views

What data is sent between an NFC/BTLE FIDO U2F device and Chrome (or other agent)?

I need to explain what "conversation" occurs between a FIDO U2F device (YubiKey NEO) and the agent (Chrome). I want to know if it's a challenge response, and ultimately figure out how much ...
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907 views

From a credential flow perspective, whats the difference between FIDO UAF and FIDO 2.0 Web Services?

The FIDO Standard allows for devices and authentication schemes to be certified as UAF or U2F. This allows for flexible unified authentication, and optional second factor enrollment and registration. ...
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401 views

Multiple tokens support for FIDO u2F

I am implementing a web service to support U2F. I need users to be able to register more than one token to their account. How should the authentication request message look when we have more than 1 ...
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Can a FIDO U2F device be used for symmetric encryption?

As I understand, U2F is mainly used for authentication. It uses challenge-response scheme to check if the device used for logging in is the same device which was used during registration based on ...
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1answer
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Are there any risks associated with using a single U2F/FIDO key with multiple sets of credentials?

I recently got a FIDO U2F key (AKA a Yubikey). I currently only use it across a range of services, but could this be a security risk in any way? For example, if I use my U2F key to authenticate on a ...
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3answers
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Why is U2F not good enough to be used as authentication?

In the context of low- and mid-security applications (ie, 95% of the web), why isn't U2F good enough to be the only factor? As far as I can tell, U2F very securely implements the "something you have" ...
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1answer
266 views

How can mobile sign-on be secured from imposter authentication screens?

History seems to have come almost full circle where old issues are shown in new/emerging technologies. Background If you trust the operating system, Windows originally had the Control - Alt - Delete ...
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3answers
1k views

Vulnerabilities despite FIDO U2F?

FIDO U2F seems much more secure than one-time-passwords (OTP), especially TOTP, because of the challenge-response architecture. In what ways is a U2F user still vulnerable? I presume if a user's ...
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201 views

Fido: trusting user-agent

As I went through Fido specifications: the server (providing web app/services) need to trust user agent for local fido authentication and if needed can enforce certain policies" I am not sure ...