Questions tagged [file-encryption]

The process of encrypting individual files on a storage medium and permitting access to the encrypted data only after proper authentication is provided.

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132 views

What program can Decrypt specific a Folder/Files during Windows Boot/Loading? (Windows)

I've been looking into Encryption of my data for some time now; I've decided to move ahead with VeraCrypt for encryption all of my partitions (I have 2 disks in 1 laptop) except for the OS (C:) ...
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1answer
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Still able to recover files after running cipher.exe on windows 7

After running cipher.exe on my entire C: drive, I'm still able to recover deleted files using recuva. In fact, doing a before and after, I see no discernible difference in the files that are able to ...
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Is it possible to combine RSA and AES? [closed]

I'm working on a new project that encrypts folders on my personal computer.No sending of files are involved(networking). It is only for protection and security. Is it possible to combine RSA and AES ...
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54 views

Key derived from source files; deduplicated file storage

I'm wondering if the following system would be a secure way to store frequently duplicated files. Hash the source file, deterministically derive a key from it. The source file(s) are likely to be ...
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Decrypt AES 128 encrypted file with a key file

I have a file which is encrypted using AES 128 and I have a key file whose size is 48 bytes. How can I decrypt the file using the key file? The key file has no extension, I opened it in notepad and it ...
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How to quickly find out what the threat nature of a password protected archive is without getting infected?

I have recently received an e-mail from an existing support group e-mail box with the following characteristics: written in the language used in company's HQ (different from English which is the ...
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1answer
273 views

Encrypting Files With A Certificate

I am hunting for a solution where I can send someone encrypted files and a digital certificate that allows them to open the file. The reason for doing it this way is because: I don't want to keep ...
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3answers
509 views

Should I chunk or not for AES-GCM file encryption

New to file encryption. Need to use AES-GCM for file encryption, can't change the alg. Heard about the max plain text size should be 64GB with same key and IV pair. Environment is python 3 with ...
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62 views

Can a host access a VPS disk's encrypted directory directly while running?

I have an Ubuntu VPS running at a remote host. The disk is not encrypted but I have a specific directory that is encrypted for which I must provide a password via an SSH session (not stored anywhere ...
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How long should zip encryption password be for it take 10 years to crack?

I am using zip 3.0.0 on macOS High Sierra and Ubuntu. Here is my zip version on macOS: $ zip --version | head Copyright (c) 1990-2008 Info-ZIP - Type 'zip "-L"' for software license. This is ...
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Encryption - how to secure files - decrypting exposes them on SSD

Let's say I have an encrypted file. Now I decrypt it but since my computer only has SSD, i decrypt it on the SSD drive. Say, I make changes or I finish using the decrypted file so I encrypt it again. ...
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Why would I ever use AES-256-CBC if AES-256-GCM is more secure?

I guess the gist of my question is: Are there cases in which CBC is better than GCM? The reason I'm asking is that from reading this post by Matthew Green, and this question on cryptography stack ...
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1answer
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EncFS vs EFS advantages for Dropbox-seamless encryption

I am considering a solution for securing my private data in Dropbox. In spite of OneDrive, MEGA and AmazonCloud are also being considered but now I put my focus on Dropbox as the most feature-rich of ...
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truecrypt volume - Recover 18char known password with hashcat (characters variations)

I have an old truecrypt file that I'd like to decrypt. I know the 18 characters password I was using at the time, I'm sure of it. However I made a "variation" of it : I mapped some characters to l33t ...
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9answers
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Keep encrypted files in sync on a cloud service, without having to upload an entire encrypted volume each time

Situation: User has several folders worth of GBs which they want to keep in sync on a cloud service (for example Mega or Dropbox) in an encrypted form; User does not want to sync a single encrypted ...
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3answers
574 views

Protecting personal documents in cloud

I want to keep my personal documents in cloud e.g. Dropbox. But I want some of my documents be encryted and password protected, such that: 1. even if my Dropbox gets hacked, those documents still have ...
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Is there any 'Open Enrypted File Container' Format?

Tools that create 'encrypted file containers' use open encryption standards like AES to encrypt container contents, however the container format is proprietary, I am guessing, so need the same tool to ...
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How to protect IP-sensitive data in files generated and used by users

I'm working on an offline windows application that generates and loads key results as files. However, these files provide key insights into how our product works internally. To make matters worse my ...
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151 views

Restricting locations for unzipping a zip file

I hope that I have found the correct place to ask my question regarding unzipping files. I would like to see if there is a way to restrict the locations available to the user to unzip a password ...
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How can one encrypt a file and be sure the original file can not be recovered on a SSD?

Let's say that I have an unencrypted file and I'm trying to encrypt it and make sure the original file can not be recovered from my disk. If I, for example, create an archive, put the file into it and ...
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2answers
216 views

How to pass both passphrase and password in GPG signed symmetric encryption?

I am new to GPG so I may be going about this all wrong. I have some files I would like to encrypt symmetrically using AES256, but I want to sign them with my GPG key. I need to automate this process ...
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What is the name of the crypto system used by ICANN's DNS recovery system?

I once heard about a type of crypto system that behaves in the following way: I have x secret keys that work together to decrypt messages encrypted with a public key d. If I get at least n of the x ...
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1answer
520 views

Is it safe to encrypt multiple files with the same strong passphrase?

I use GPG to symmetrically encrypt multiple files, and it would be more convenient if they all had the same strong passphrase. It's possible that someone could gain access to several of these files. ...
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1answer
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Does GPG encryption via subkey harm file quality?

If I were to encrypt a folder with music files or movie files, or even only the files themselves separately, would that hurt the quality of the files? For example, if I encrypted a lossless audio file,...
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Preventing access to encrypted files at all

Suppose I create an encrypted container using VeraCrypt and want to upload it to Google Drive/One Drive for storage. The container is encrypted with AES-256. I know that no one can extract any meaning ...
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1answer
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PDF file encrypted with my password, does that mean my password is stored in plaintext?

Every month, I receive an encrypted Portable Document Format (PDF) file with my payslip. I can open the file for reading with my password. Without providing my password, I cannot open the file at ...
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1answer
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How can a pdf file have two passwords?

I receive emails from my bank with password protected PDF files, and they provide two passwords - either xxxx or yyyy. How is this possible?
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What is the reason for iOS per-file key encryption?

I know that apple provides per-file key encryption .i.e. a separate encryption key for each file exists on the apple device. The Hardware Key and the Passcode are required to generate these random ...
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ASP.NET Core Data Protection for long term storage

I'm looking into upgrading a .NET software application that encrypts files. At the moment it is doing that by using a fixed key and a specific algorithm in the codebase. Moving the key to a safer ...
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3answers
849 views

How to eliminate data leaks when accessing encrypted data?

Goal: Encrypt/secure and access sensitive files (PDFs, etc.) locally. Method 1: Store files in a VeraCrypt file-hosted volume (container). Concern: Data Leaks. When mounting and reading files from a ...
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6k views

Strongest file encryption available

I know nothing about cryptography. How does one encrypt a file in the strongest possible way, such that it can be accessed some years later? I prefer that it should be fairly resistant from brute ...
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Decrypting a file knowing only the password

I have encrypted a file using a program with a password and would like to decrypt it on another device just with the password. Is there any software that takes the password, runs it through all key ...
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135 views

How does JtR crack password protected documents?

I've been trying to figure this out using an encrypted zip file as an example. I am quite familiar with the idea that PBKDF2 creates a key drivered form a password and then that key is used to ...
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Attacked by ransomware that has encrypted and renamed all files with a .makop extension [duplicate]

I've spent several hours searching the internet to see if anyone has cracked this encryption yet, but without any luck. I don't want to reward criminals for their activity, but I do have a few files ...
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1answer
152 views

If someone steals my unencrypted, password protected laptop, would they be able to get into my Google account?

I have a laptop with Ubuntu 20.04 operating system. I am logged into my Chrome browser using my Google account. This means, every time I open my browser, I am already logged into all the Google ...
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52 views

Password Vault Storing Passwords

I've been working on just a fun side project in C++ to practice encryption algorithms and I sort of ran into a bit of a roadblock of sorts. To summarize the project I have a text file of encrypted ...
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1answer
5k views

openssl vs gpg for file based encryption? Pros vs cons for security?

I want to encrypt a tar archive and optionally a block file system (akin to DMG image). Does anyone know the pros vs cons of encrypting each with OpenSSL vs GPG? I ask because some have stated that ...
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3answers
292 views

Folder level encryption on a Windows 10 Pro laptop

Most of the stuff on my laptop is benign; and the hassle of full disk encryption is not worth it. On the other hand, one or two folders I would love to encrypt and password protect. What's the best ...
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How secure is /dev/stdin in UNIX systems?

Is decrypting secrets with ccrypt and piping the result via stdin to openvpn secure? I've written the following alias to start an openvpn client more easily than before: sudo bash -c 'cd ...
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Recovery of files from a zip containing a directory (unencrypted) and 3 files (encrypred - ZipCrypto Deflate), possibe use of bkcrack?

I have a zip file, Example.zip consisting of a directory Example and three files *.dat. I can see the names of all 3 files. The dat files are encrypted (ZipCrypto Deflate). I'm interested to know if I ...
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7k views

What is the attack scenario against which encrypted files provide protection?

There are a couple of files / tools which provide file-level encryption. I guess PDF and ZIP are probably the most commonly known ones. I wonder what scenario they actually help with or if it just is ...
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Is it possible to adjust the header size in eCryptfs?

If I understand it correctly, eCryptfs creates a file in the "lower" directory whose content is a header, plus the encryption of the file in the "upper" directory. But when I create an empty file in ...
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1answer
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PGP encryption passphrase

We are using Symantec PGP encryption for AIX to encrypt/decrypt files. Keys are generated with passphrase and the passphrase are set by the business users. The IT admin is responsible to perform the ...
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1answer
158 views

Using GPG or PGP, is there a way to give another user (or key) access to decrypt a file for a limited time only? [duplicate]

I want to share encrypted files with someone else however it's only for a short time only. What is the best way to do this? More background: I'd like to add more people to be able to decrypt the ...
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1answer
52 views

Add security to documents uploaded?

We're locally testing anasp.net application that will let a user upload documents. The app is similar to a jobs site like monster.com, but with sensitive data. The app works great locally, and now ...
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John the Ripper is not showing what the acutal unhashed password is

I am using John the Ripper to crack a password hash for a school assignment and I am having some issues. John says that the password hash has been cracked but I cannot see what the actual password for ...
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1answer
58 views

File encryption based on directory table

I have a proposed method to encrypt files (I don't know if it is actually applied or discussed). The way I suggest is to use a sector to sector table in a random manner, So if a specific sector of ...
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41 views

Is it better to mask an encryption key or share it directly?

Given a system that shares files for client-side decryption where the server does not know the encryption keys (just stores them in an encrypted form), is it - when sharing a file with a non-user - ...
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1answer
84 views

Is AES the recommended symmetric cipher for production level software?

I was considering developing an application level software for file encryption after stress testing many of my implementations of popular symmetric ciphers. I would love to support multiple ...
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1answer
101 views

Integrity attacks and encryption at rest

The AES-GCM algorithm provides not only confidentiality but also integrity. I understand that integrity is an important part of security in overall, but whenever I think in terms of possible attacks, ...

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