Questions tagged [forensics]

Computer forensics works to analyze information on computer systems in an attempt to find evidence regarding certain actions of a process, application, user or computer to determine the source of change within a host, network or device.

Filter by
Sorted by
Tagged with
0 votes
0 answers
10 views

Is there a way to get Windows login password hint from SAM hive with volatility?

We know that every user in Windows has a password hint. This password hint is stored in the SAM hive, more specifically in the SAM\Domains\Account\Users path. Is there a way to extract this password ...
  • 1
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

How to extract a RSA private key from an ssh-agent core dump

I need to extract an RSA private key from an ssh-agent core dump running on ubuntu 20.04. I believe the ssh version is the latest. I have tried many Linux tools with no luck. I also wrote a python ...
0 votes
0 answers
20 views

Memory Forensics in Windows 10 [closed]

I capture memory in Windows 10 with Belkasoft Ram Capture. When I import the dump.mem file for analysis with Volatility, the software hangs and I do not get any output. volatility.exe -f dump.mem ...
0 votes
0 answers
41 views

malicious dll making GET & POST requests to legit sites. What could it be doing?

Relatively new to the DFIR scene. We have an assumed breach scenario playing out right now and I noticed that there were some GET and POST requests coming from a malignant dll in a users temp ...
  • 1
0 votes
1 answer
122 views

Is this 36 character long string a hash [closed]

I found this string b2335332-d28f-449b-8d00-80a550b43046 Do you think it´s a hash? If yes any idea which one and if not any other ideas what it could be?
0 votes
0 answers
61 views

From a forensics standpoint how much leftovers do package managers in Linux leave behind?

Let's assume that for my question we're using the equivalent of apt purge, which also removes configuration files. What's left behind after apt purge and similar commands from other package managers? ...
0 votes
1 answer
58 views

How might I rate-limit in nginx against a distributed attacker that has set the number of parallel connections in xerxes to 1?

An attacker tweaks xerxes by setting the number of CONNECTIONS in xerxes to 1 instead of 8, like so: #define CONNECTIONS 1 They then attack with xerxes-executable mydomain 433. Their strategy is to ...
0 votes
1 answer
52 views

Do popular pentest tools leave any digital fingerprints?

Do pentesting tools leave behind any information in order to identify the attacker?
0 votes
0 answers
42 views

Does my jailbroken with root access iPad store any forensic evidence for usage of the lightning connector?

I am willing to give my iPad for a repair shop, but I would like to know whether they tamper with the OS in any way. Is there any way with or without special software to gather forensic evidence ...
0 votes
0 answers
66 views

Any approach to copy the disk and take RAM shapshot of RouterOS (Mikrotik)?

everyone! I have discovered suspicious activity on one of Mikrotik Routers. This device had an outdated version of RouterOS with open ports web, winbox, etc. I believe that it was infected by malware, ...
  • 46
0 votes
0 answers
58 views

Guidance to NSRL 'Goodware' for reference data sets with no malware Hashes?

Im looking to test a set of YARA rules against a corpus of 'goodware'. Virustotal's own blog [2] suggests use of the National Software Reference Library [1] however the NRSL RDS(Data Sets) have ...
  • 41
0 votes
0 answers
139 views

Could "System Volume Information" be used to find out on which system the storage was used?

If one uses a storage device (USB stick or SD card) on Windows, then it leaves "System Volume Information" folder in the file system. Would there be a way so a forensic guy could definitely ...
  • 21
0 votes
0 answers
78 views

Are there differences on how storages are formatted between different OS?

If one formats the same USB stick (or SD card) to FAT32 file system on Windows, or on Linux, or on Android - would there be differences so a forensic guy could definitely tell on which OS or even on ...
  • 21
0 votes
0 answers
92 views

Which traces leave on a flash card after using it?

If one uses a micro SD card with a card reader on Windows, or on Linux, or on Android - would there be a way so a forensic guy could definitely tell on which computer the flash card was used by ...
  • 21
1 vote
0 answers
105 views

What traces are left on a flash card reader after using it?

If one uses a micro SD card with a card reader on Windows, or on Linux, or on Android, would there be a way to forensically determine on which computer the card reader was used? I know OS can log ...
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
212 views

What traces are left on a USB stick after using it?

If one uses a FAT32-formatted USB stick on Windows, Linux, or Android, would there be a way to determine on which computer the USB stick was used by examining the USB stick? I know OS can log which ...
  • 21
1 vote
1 answer
115 views

Why is it advisable to capture a disk image before shutting down? [closed]

I am currently studying windows forensics and I have found that it would be advisable to image the drive while it is powered on and live. If you power it off, you likely will not be able to recover ...
0 votes
0 answers
67 views

Is it possible to create an NTFS partition having only the $MFT and $J tables ? Forensics CTF

This is the third part of a forensics challenge in a European CTF, and it is apparently the most difficult one because only three people flagged it among 700 participating. I'm only here for guidance ...
0 votes
1 answer
1k views

How to identify hidden processes with volatility using psxview?

I was learning volatility and in this room in tryhackme they used psxview to find the hidden processes. The assignment was, It's fairly common for malware to attempt to hide itself and the process ...
0 votes
1 answer
110 views

RAM as a attack target

What is the simplest or most common method to read a value, for example a text, from the RAM of a personal computer? What access requirements are necessary for this? Is a search in a hex dump always ...
  • 246
0 votes
0 answers
82 views

"Intercepting" executable with FTK Imager

I want to analyze the traces of a program in my VM by executing it and then capturing the memory and disk using FTK Imager. However, it looks like --given the environment I have-- the program only ...
1 vote
0 answers
142 views

How to do forensics on RaspberryPi in home network?

while debugging some strange effects in my home network (bad video call quality due to packet loss) I found out this only happens when my RBPI is connected to the network. When I wanted to log in I ...
  • 111
1 vote
0 answers
111 views

How to do a post-mortem after being hacked [closed]

I am wondering what the general steps are in retrospect for trying to find out how one ends up being hacked. A couple of times I have had Linux servers that ended up being hacked. I noticed this in ...
  • 111
0 votes
1 answer
352 views

How do I get a forensic copy of an EC2 server?

Is there a point-and-click way to generate a forensic image of an EC2 system, rather than having to ssh on and dd?
1 vote
2 answers
248 views

Create memory image of infected machine without risk

I am pretty new in the security world and I am writing a procedure on how to create a memory image of an infected machine for forensics. The problem is that the machine does not have the tools for ...
0 votes
1 answer
130 views

Memory Forensics on exited process

I am new to memory forensics. When a process in Windows is ended are all artifacts for the process in memory gone? I ask because my EDR solution gives me the local process ID of a process I am ...
1 vote
1 answer
90 views

File based background data eraser

I am making a series of python scripts for data overwriting. My current prototype creates a series of large files and simply fills the memory (using a different system for additional overwrites). Is ...
  • 13
0 votes
0 answers
81 views

How useful are memory forensic tools for detecting active attacks (considering current devices)

Are memory forensic tools useful for attack detection? Usually they are applied after an attack has happened. You could always constantly scan a machine but this requires lots of resources and ...
1 vote
1 answer
713 views

Veracrypt SSD encryption security analysis vs HDD

I have a SSD and wanted to use Veracrypt for plausible deniability and protection against any & all level attacks e.g. state sponsored, non sponsored. My goal was to use a VM and place it in the ...
0 votes
0 answers
32 views

how to check a device (mouse, USB-VGA, USB-HDMI) contains no malware [duplicate]

I got my fingers seriously burnt with some garbage bought online, which was a USB-3.0 to VGA cable. It contained a driver that requested an install, that led to my computer being unstable and a few ...
2 votes
1 answer
222 views

Preserving crime evidence from a website I do not own

Is there a standard procedure when it comes to preserving evidence of a crime committed on a website of a third party? Let's assume that a crime was committed on a website I visit, like defamation. ...
  • 33
1 vote
2 answers
395 views

Clonezilla for forensic disk image

I was wondering if it's reasonable and forensically correct to use Clonezilla for the image of an attacked machine. Since some of the commercial products are very expensive I'm turning to open source ...
  • 11
0 votes
3 answers
192 views

How to donate a computer without jeopardizing personal information?

I have an old computer that is no longer working and I want to donate it or perhaps throw it in the trash. However, I don't want people to potentially get my banking account data, usernames/passwords ...
's user avatar
1 vote
0 answers
81 views

Image Scanning vs Document Scanning — How to tell difference? [closed]

I have a project where we are asked to assume the existence of a document D on a soft page which is handwritten in ink, a jpeg file of its native photograph (image A), and another discolored and ...
  • 11
1 vote
0 answers
100 views

Recovering files with recovery key after double FileVault activation - is that possible?

Let's imagine I have a work macbook with ssd and I use FileVault, and the company has the FileVault recovery key. I want to make sure my data is erased and unrecoverable, what is the best way to ...
  • 153
1 vote
0 answers
119 views

AuditD and SysCall alerts

Given an alert rule like -a always,exit -F arch=b32 -S open -S openat -F exit=-EACCES -k access how does adding multiple SysCalls (-S) options work? When an application gets executed do all the ...
  • 3,086
3 votes
1 answer
192 views

Google Chrome folder protection during HDD forensics

Is there any protection provided by Chrome browser against HDD dump and further forensics (with volatility-like tools)? For example, is it possible to extract google profile from Chrome folder and use ...
  • 155
1 vote
1 answer
205 views

Can M.2 docking stations be used to make forensic images of (Bitlocker encrypted) M.2 disks?

I am looking into M.2 docking stations such as the Maiwo K3016S as shown below. Is it possible to use such docking stations optionally in combination with a USB- or software write-blocker, in order ...
  • 6,234
2 votes
2 answers
2k views

Can I safely disable and re-enable Secure Boot when Bitlocker is used in order to make a Forensic Image?

I am about to make a forensic image (using dc3dd from OSFClone) of two laptops and in this specific case I'd like to startup using an bootable USB stick with OSFClone and image the disk to an external ...
  • 6,234
66 votes
3 answers
17k views

Are the sticks of RAM in my desktop computer volatile? Is it safe to sell them?

I have two sticks of RAM in my computer that I would like to sell or donate. From what I understand some RAM is volatile, losing all its contents when power is gone for a few minutes, and some is non-...
's user avatar
4 votes
1 answer
585 views

Data recovery from TRIMmed SSDs

Assuming a given SSD supports TRIM, and is on a physical bus that supports sending that command, and the connected computer is running an OS that is aware of TRIM: If the drive is formatted, or has ...
0 votes
0 answers
121 views

What tools/checklists can help determine the presence of malicious code in a database? MS SQL specifically

Consider a scenario, where your AV / EDR software has to exclude paths of database files as suggested by vendors to avoid affecting performance or stability issues. You want to review your database ...
  • 1
-1 votes
1 answer
2k views

Can A Picture be Unredacted? [duplicate]

I know a text can be unredacted but can pictures too? I have a picture I would love to unredact can that be done? Please and Thank you.
4 votes
1 answer
389 views

What's the DRAT word of my SSD?

This article on forensicfocus.com says the following about Deterministic Read After TRIM (emphasis mine): As a result, the data returned by SSD drives supporting DRAT as opposed to DZAT can be all ...
5 votes
1 answer
1k views

Does formatting an SSD securely delete all data?

This article on thomas-krenn.com states: Because an ATA trim will be performed by NTFS with Windows 7 or when formatting using Ext4 from mke2fs 1.41.10 or XFS from xfsprogs 3.1.0, the secure erase ...
0 votes
0 answers
32 views

How to track anonymous email sender (alternatives to IP tracking) [duplicate]

Are there any ways to get information on who is sending certain emails from an anonymous email address? Besides the obvious IP solution, would there be any alternative such as embedding some kind of ...
1 vote
0 answers
251 views

Finding NonPagedPool Start and End Address using volatility

I am exploiting bluekeep vulnerability in windows server 2008 R2 using metasploit framework. When I run the exploit windows/rdp/cve_2019_0708_bluekeep_rce, it ends in BSOD on server and then server ...
  • 201
1 vote
2 answers
276 views

Can someone know who created a cpp file?

I know that one can see the modification, access, and creation date of a file on Windows. And that the creation date, as well as other dates, can be modified at will. I just wonder if it is possible ...
  • 179
28 votes
5 answers
7k views

Is a password-protected stolen laptop safe?

Let's assume I have a Windows 10 computer and my login password has an entropy of infinity. If I did not encrypt my entire hard-drive, does it matter how secure my password is? Is it possible for ...
  • 809
1 vote
0 answers
206 views

What is the forensic procedure in investigating DDoS attacks

I'm currently in the process of researching for an assignment. In this assignment, I am asked to produce reports on new crimes enabled by technology and how, in Cyber Forensics, one would investigate ...

1
2 3 4 5
11