Questions tagged [hardening]

the process of tightening security on a system.

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2answers
5k views

Where to find the security hardened docker images

Is there any service that provides certified, security hardened Docker images for common platforms like Python, PHP, Node, Java, etc. with 0 major/critical CVEs. Currently, we are using the ones from ...
0
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1answer
88 views

How to restrict plugins/tools like Netcraft and Builtwith to detect server side technologies?

My organization wants to restrict all the plugins/tools like Netcraft and Builtwith to detect all the server side technologies for security reason like platform, operating system name and version, web ...
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2answers
215 views

Best Source of Security Configuration Guidance

Over the years I have used a number of different sources of security configuration guidance for a spectrum of systems including for example: https://www.cisecurity.org/cis-benchmarks/ https://www....
2
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0answers
358 views

Hardening evaluation of shared objects files

In order to evaluate if security mechanisms are applied on binary files during compilation I usually use the checksec tool. My question is: if I want to check an .so file, which checksec's fields ...
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2answers
184 views

How to mitigate the risks of using new, third party imported electronic accessories?

As someone who is naturally good at recognizing risk and who are striving to maintain a wholistic view on security, I’m wondering how to evaluate and reduce the risks of hardware accessories (I.e. ...
13
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2answers
1k views

Securing a Laptop from a Foreign Intelligence Agency

What would be the best practices for securing a single-purpose Windows laptop against a determined foreign intelligence agency from tampering with data on the machine? The machine would be used ...
2
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1answer
403 views

the state of ASLR, PIE, SSP on Debian in 2018?

As far as I remember, most Debian Wheezy packages were not compiled with those useful security flags (ASLR, PIE, SSP, and more). Did the situation improve with Debian Squeeze or the upcoming Debian ...
0
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1answer
758 views

Is it ok to delete SSH configuration files? [closed]

From what I read, SSH is mainly used for remotely accessing a machine. If I don't want anyone remotely accessing my machine, nor myself included, is it ok to delete these configuration files from my ...
6
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1answer
20k views

Filter TLS in Wireshark or other monitoring tool

As part of the new best practices in hardening server communications I need to deny TLS 1.0 on the web server, before doing so I wish to identify the amount of clients whom connect with this level of ...
1
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3answers
242 views

When hardening a LINUX system what command line tools would you remove first in order to make an attackers life really difficult? [closed]

When hardening a LINUX system what command line tools would you remove first in order to make an attackers life really difficult?
1
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1answer
194 views

Remove sync user to harden the system

I read a book about linux hardening (Hardening Linux by James Turnbull, 2005). The book suggests to remove the sync user. If I remove the sync user I am not able to call commands like ls and shutdown, ...
2
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1answer
3k views

How can I set a password for single user mode?

During a Lynis audit I found this on a system that uses Fedora 28: Checking Linux single user mode authentication WARNING And under results I got: No password set for single mode [AUTH-...
3
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1answer
283 views

protection from Backdoor hacks from disgruntled developer/ employee

I created a ecommerce site with a developer. He completed almost all his work but in the end we had some financial disagreements so our partnership ended in a bitter dispute. That developer threatened ...
0
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1answer
1k views

Modify Win OS banner to avoid OS detection

I would like to modify Win OS banner to defeat OS detection from scanning tools like Nmap for example. Although, I know that Nmap does not take into account just the banner to do OS detection.
5
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2answers
2k views

securing Ubuntu bootloader using TPM

I am currently working with Ubuntu 16.04 , with an Intel CPU that supports TPM2 module. I am trying to harden my boot-loader, i tried using trustedgrub2 fork that supports TPM2 , i understand that ...
0
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0answers
50 views

Electron app generating one-time access codes vs server generated codes

I'm designing a kiosk to use one-time SMS codes as a method of authentication. The method I'm using to generate codes happens inside of an Electron application running on a locked down kiosk, hardened ...
1
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1answer
2k views

what are the disadvantages of running SSH daemon without root?

Is there any risk in running ssh daemon with no root privilege using this method: how-can-i-make-this-daemon-init-run-as-a-non-root-user? Debian Developer's Best Practices for OS Security says the ...
29
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4answers
11k views

What are the toughest SSH daemon settings in terms of encryption, handshake, or other cryptographic settings? [duplicate]

I work heavily with SSH and SFTP, to be specific between two machines, both of which have their SSH port open on a public IP address. What are the toughest SSH daemon settings in terms of encryption, ...
3
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1answer
241 views

How to set basic defense on Nginx-CMS?

As an Information Security amateur I did all in my might to protect my Ubuntu-Nginx-CMS (WordPress) environment from BFAs, MITMs, and database injections. sudo add-apt-repository ppa:certbot/certbot -...
0
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2answers
676 views

How to secure a fresh Ubuntu 16.04 install [closed]

I have a service that's spinning up fresh Ubuntu 16.04 instances onto a VPS (on behalf of users) and would really like to do what I can in terms of putting good privacy and security practices in by ...
0
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1answer
204 views

Is this some sort of hacker attack?

I'm using a tool on my website that detects any error and sends me an email when a code error happens. Recently, I've received some requests not allowed on my IP - not url - where only GET is allowed. ...
-2
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1answer
214 views

making a site DDoS proof without the use of CloudFlare? [closed]

So just a random thought as were doing the Info Sec unit on my college course, how would you make a website DDoS proof without cloud-flare? Would it just be case of logging IP address, MAC address and ...
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2answers
1k views

hundreds of users creating mail.ru and projectgold.ru accounts on my application db

I am working on Ubuntu Server with mysql installed, I have a forum application vbulletin 5 installed and there are hundreds of mail.ru and projectgold.ru created on my application, it looks like this: ...
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1answer
292 views

Limit information disclosed in AD Anonymous Bind

What I am trying to do For reasons I may not go into, we must allow Anonymous Bind in AD on a private network. I am fully aware of the risks associated with this. I have found a myriad of ...
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3answers
423 views

Pitfalls of using SELinux for LAMP servers

I'm considering the usage of SELinux for several lamp (linux+apache+mysql+php) servers. I have tested SELinux in a virtual machine and have configured some basic rules (allow PHP, email, etc.) and for ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Is it possible to ensure that only two specific services are allowed to talk to each other?

So last semester I studied a bit about network hardening and one of the things that we did was write IP table rules to ensure that only a whitelisted set of services are able to talk to each other ...
1
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1answer
347 views

Handling toxic data in a microservice architecture

I'm trying to apply the principle that data is toxic asset in a system with many services through which this toxic asset must flow. The system can be abstracted to 3 actors: clients, intermediaries, ...
4
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1answer
637 views

Storing UK bank account and sort code in MongoDB database

The company I work for has to send monthly payments to 20 to 50 users at a time. These users can change from month to month. Generally, each user will receive money from us for 2-3 months. The users ...
7
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1answer
2k views

Security essentials for a embedded Linux device

We are prototyping a security camera product using Raspberry Pi 3 as the hardware platform. The camera has capability to connect to the cloud over internet as well as offline processing when the ...
7
votes
1answer
3k views

Why does checksec.sh highlight rpath and runpath as security issues?

The tool checksec.sh is used to examine compile time hardening options such as NX, RELRO, PIE and so on. It also reports if the binary has RPATH or RUNPATH set, using the following logic: These are ...
5
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2answers
916 views

Hardening/Security considerations for torrent clients

I am running Synology's DSM torrent client on a NAS. As I have to (?) open and forward one UDP port for DHT and another one (UDP/TCP) for data transmission I am exposing myself to threats originating ...
1
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1answer
1k views

Difference between Lynis and Nessus and yet another hardening tool

I am writing an open source python tool aimed at inventoring/auditing and hardening of a system. When I started off with the project, I did some research around it and figured out that there were not ...
7
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0answers
211 views

Using instruction set architecture (ISA) to stop stack overflows

I have been learning about using stack overflows to get arbitrary code execution, one of the tricks used is overwriting the return address to make control flow go the way you want it. Assuming our ...
0
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1answer
158 views

Are Optimization Flags Harmful?

There seems to be a consensus, that -D_FORTIFY_SOURCE=2 -O1 is a hardening measure that should be applied as compiler option. This was also a recommendation in the Dovecot Pentest Report. What I'm ...
4
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2answers
342 views

What should I do with the hidden/disabled Administrator account?

In Windows 10, there is the Administrator account that is disabled by default. What should I do with it, with regards to hardening Windows? I have heard of adding a password to it, but is that ...
1
vote
1answer
189 views

Limiting a standard user on Windows

I'm setting up a limited user account. I would like it as limited as possible, while retaining the capabilities of: running a handful of programs, and saving files into one folder. Can I use ACL ...
9
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2answers
7k views

Hardening SSH security on a Debian 9 server

I am running the following version of GNU/Linux Debian: cat /etc/issue says: Debian GNU/Linux 9 Using the following kernel: uname -r says: 4.9.0-2-amd64 And running the following version of ...
1
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0answers
157 views

Secured Web Browsing

What can be done to make a setup for super secured web browsing? I've been looking at something like this: Windows host > Sandboxie > Virtualbox > Linux Guest > Web Browser (Chrome with uBlock ...
46
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4answers
11k views

Does adding a password to BIOS prevent malware from infecting it?

I'm looking into ways of hardening a computer's security. One of the things is the BIOS. Does adding a password to the BIOS prevent malware from infecting it? I have seen this article: Protecting ...
0
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2answers
2k views

How to lock down iSCSI mounted NAS against ransomware

If you lock down an iSCSI mounted NAS volume (on Windows Server) so that Administrators have read-only access and your backups account has write access to the file system, the Administrator account ...
4
votes
1answer
938 views

Drop privileges after startup or start as unprivileged user?

Given a service that needs access to some secrets from a config file to start, I can imagine three approaches: 1) Keep the file readable only by root. Start the process as root, read the config and ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does Linux support the NX-bit on ARM processors?

Does Linux (kernel and applications) support the NX-bit on ARM processors? If so, how can I check if an ARM-binary is compiled with this protection enabled?
3
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0answers
380 views

Harden / Lock down SMB share

We have to use an embedded SMB server to transfer medical records to and from patients' phones. The medical records are AES-encrypted on the phones, in transit and on the embedded device. But then... ...
3
votes
2answers
357 views

What's the point of buying a Blackberry that runs the Android OS?

Recently, Blackberry began selling smartphones that run the Android OS. If the Android OS has so many security issues out-of-the box, then why bother paying extra for it? Blackberry claims that the ...
1
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1answer
154 views

How can I harden a system against malicious actions from within?

I wasn't sure on the title, so please edit it if you think it can be improved. I run a multiplayer gaming network (the backend system that handles accounts and player lists, and I want to expand my ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

Can I build trusted electronics device now a day?

For example, if I want to build my own circuit to read or test USB stick content, then often I must use a computer to write driver, load driver... That computer must use an OS like Windows or Linux......
0
votes
1answer
1k views

TLS1.0 to TLS1.2 (Browser vs Registry)

Question How does TLS protocol differ on registry and browser level? Context Many companies are migrating from protocol TLS1.0 (disabling this) to TLS1.2 (enabling it). I'm not sure how this ...
22
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3answers
11k views

Best practices for hardening sudo?

Every hardening guide I read recommends forbidding to login to root account and instead using sudo. I can understand this if you set a strict sudoers file which only enables the necessary commands for ...
1
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1answer
179 views

Relation between CredSSP and SHA

When I disable SHA in registry HKLM\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\SecurityProviders\SCHANNEL\Hashes\SHA, I am unable into Windows Server 2012 R2 without turning off CredSSP. This is the confusing ...
14
votes
1answer
6k views

Hardening/reducing attack surface for a Docker container

I'd like to set up a hardened Docker instance, mostly for running micro-services such as statically compiled golang applications. What I'm looking for is to protect the host OS from a rogue container ...