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Content-Secure-Policy headers

I am performing a security assessment on a web application and I found it doesn't have the Content-Security-Policy, but instead it has Content-Secure-Policy. It is literally the first time I'm seeing ...
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0answers
42 views

What are the security risks of trace context propagation headers?

We are implementing zipkin tracing in our product and have some hesitation about accepting and returning the propagation headers for publicly accessible http requests. The zipkin server itself is not ...
0
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2answers
59 views

Can we read HTTP cookie value? [closed]

In one of the applications I'm testing, the cookie contains the username (set:cookie: username) in the HTTP header. Is it possible to read these cookie values using any methods? The site uses HTTPS.
0
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1answer
78 views

Is the IP address of the client present in the email headers for webmail services and for desktop clients?

When I receive an email sent by someone using a webmail service (e.g. Gmail, etc.), I can find the IP address of the sender's email server in the email headers. But do the email headers also contain ...
1
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0answers
46 views

Do object-src and base-uri bypasses still work on Content-Security-Policies?

I'm assessing the security level of a webapp and one of the test cases is the CSP header. I always use the Google CSP evaluator to assess the header. Let's consider the following CSP header: Content-...
1
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3answers
66 views

Should all the headers reported by securityheaders.io be considered as findings?

A lot of websites scanned with securityheaders.io are missing different headers. Should all of these headers be reported as findings or just few of them which are more critical?
0
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1answer
90 views

HTTP Request Smuggling Basics

I am currently trying to learn HTTP Request Smuggling vulnerability to further enhance my pen testing skills. I have watched a couple of videos on Youtube and read articles online regarding it but ...
1
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2answers
162 views

IP address leaked in email header?

Can my IP address ever be included in the header of emails I send? Or do email servers never include my IP address in my emails' headers?
1
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2answers
66 views

Authorization Header in dev tools

My web application need to make call to 3rd party REST API which is protected by Basic authentication on some user click. We are planning to use a technical user for the call. This will expose the ...
1
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1answer
55 views

Enabling HTTP Security headers in S/4 Hana web applications

We have 3-4 S/4 HANA applications in our environment and want to enable HTTP Security Headers, but couldn't figure out how to go about it. We then approached SAP directly and even their solutions are ...
0
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1answer
62 views

How to best limit SQL injection attacks that are being funneled through an Apache proxy I control

I use an Apache proxy to funnel traffic to an IIS server. The IIS server sends me emails if some bad actor attacks my site with an sql injection attack. It captures their IP address, and sends me the ...
0
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0answers
43 views

What happens if a sender changes the TCP window size over multiple packets that have the same ACK number?

I'm currently doing research on evasion attacks that seek to bypass a Deep-learning based Network Intrusion Detection System. In order to achieve this, I need to know what the constraints are for the ...
0
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1answer
91 views

CSRF Bypass using User-Agent

This is an unconventional approach of CSRF that I came across while doing the pentest for an Android mobile application. The original request is as follows (NB: Values have been edited): POST /edit/ ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Utility of HTTP headers for a REST API

Can somebody confirm me that the HTTP-XXS-protection header and the X-content-type header is useless in the case of a REST api who provide only json to clients ? Can someone explain me why exaclty ? ...
0
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0answers
108 views

Adding Expect-CT header to HTTP response

In the security test report, I have a recommendation to add Expect-CT header to the HTTP response from web application, additionally developers set this to: Expect-CT: max-age=0, report-uri= I am ...
-1
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2answers
47 views

Is CSRF possible if i know the value of the authorization bearer token?

If i know the value of bearer token of the victim, can i generate a get csrf page and set a custom Autorization: Bearer [token] header?
1
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2answers
155 views

Sending token through GET vs POST

Looking for recommendations for security in sending token (e.g. JWT Token) through a GET vs POST request to the server. There are two options: Sending token through Headers as part of HTTP GET ...
1
vote
1answer
378 views

How to determine start and end bytes of LUKS header?

How can I determine the exact start byte and exact end byte of a LUKS header on a block storage device? I use Linux Unified Key Setup (LUKS) for Full Disk Encryption (FDE), so all of the data on my ...
9
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3answers
474 views

Why does Chrome not allow the modification of these headers by extensions?

The Chrome WebRequests API mentions that specific request headers are not available to the onBeforeSendHeaders event, meaning that extensions cannot read and/or modify these headers. Here is an ...
12
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2answers
2k views

Secure HTTP Headers - where should be implemented, WAF or code level?

I have a REST API exposed to the Internet and another application with form-based authentication. These apps are behind a Web Application Firewall. Question is, where I should implement the below ...
1
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1answer
456 views

Is there any way to pretend like we are routing our request via cloudflare? [closed]

There is this Web App which uses cloudflare and to bypass certain things I had to find a way to access the actual web server directly. I tried numerous things and finally I think I have found the ...
0
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2answers
227 views

Is it a security issue that Nginx returns server name in errors?

I have recently sat up an Nginx in a way that makes it not return a Server header and hide the version information from the error pages. The error page looks like that now (and anyone can provoke it ...
0
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2answers
672 views

Why is it not possible to spoof referer and origin header with XHR?

Technically speaking, it is possible to spoof both headers using an intercepting proxy but that's useless because we are doing it ourselves as an attacker. When we send an ajax request using JS from ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Is there any way to keep the request in intercepting proxy for atleast a min before application says check your connection?

I just bypassed SSL pinning on an android application but the problem is application won't let me play with the request on my intercepting proxy. It says something like problem with your network or ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Carrying two authorization tokens in a request

In my group we have been asked to implement an authentication-authorization flow in a new web portal that lives in a complex infrastructure. For historical reason the initial authentication of each ...
1
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0answers
2k views

Implementation of Simple CSRF in Spring Boot and Angular 6 With Complete Solution

I am Implementing CSRF i.e Cross-Site Request Forgery in my project but not getting proper way to implement in my project and i am using Angular for FrontEnd and Java for BackEnd in Spring Boot and I ...
1
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1answer
77 views

Is there a security benefit to testing HTTP header presence with Javascript?

I have found in one of the client side libraries that it is performing an AJAX call to an API and checking if response contains all of the following headers with corresponding values (as a security ...
2
votes
1answer
62 views

Why we should not allow our pages to be loaded through Iframe by unknown hosts?

One of OWASP recomendations is to set the header X-Frame-Options to allow our pages to be loaded in Iframes only by sameorigin. One reason is because of phishing attacks, ok I understand. But if I ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Referer value reflected in location response? [duplicate]

I found a login form on a website that redirects you regardless if the insert credentials are correct or wrong (302 redirect). I noticed that the value of the header Referer: is sent to header ...
1
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1answer
43 views

Is a CSRF required if no direct state change operations are performed?

I'm currently developing a webservice that sits in between other webservices. In the process of securing this webservice I've gotten a bit stuck on whether or not we neeed to require a CSRF token on ...
1
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0answers
43 views

'Hard-to-guess' custom header (or similar) to whitelist via a firewall

My organisation is adding a firewall to our test stacks, using AWS WAF. We'd like to whitelist all traffic from the SDKs we've built to facilitate requests between our services. We thought of doing ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

How to tell if an email source is spoofed?

I've received an email to my gmail account from FCMB, a bank in Nigeria (flashing warning lights already). It's not addressed to me (i.e., the email starts off "Dear Daniel," [not my name]). But the ...
1
vote
1answer
101 views

Is using default-src * safe?

I have a website to do security testing. The CSP is as follows. default-src * ; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' data: https://netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/ http://s3.amazonaws.com/ https://s3.amazonaws....
0
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0answers
71 views

Is it secure to prevent CSRF in API without using CSRF cookie (only CSRF token sent in header of ajax requests)?

There is a standard method of preventing a CSRF attack by comparing a value in a special cookie (that is posted automatically with each request) and some value that is coming either in form post (from ...
0
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1answer
78 views

What should be header response of XSS vulnerability upon form submission?

We have a PHP web application and all of the user inputs are sanitized. We tested it within Burp tool and found no XSS vulnerabilities. One of our security adviser tells us that when you type down ...
4
votes
1answer
4k views

CSP: What is script-src-attr and script-src-elem?

script-src-attr and script-src-elem directives are new additions in CSP3. I am not able to understand how are they different from the script-src directive. https://w3c.github.io/webappsec-csp/#...
1
vote
2answers
465 views

How to extract intresting data from malicious e-mail header

Premise: I know pretty well how SMTP works, and how to read an e-mail header. I know what all the main fieds mean, but I couldn't know what to look for if I want to know if the mail is kind of ...
1
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2answers
1k views

Flow of a host header injection attack?

I am new to this field and would like to know how the flow happens in a host header injection attacks. I believe it's as below: Client generates the request. Attacker manipulates the request and ...
1
vote
2answers
278 views

How can I use Message-ID in header to screen (filter) Emails?

Recently started receiving torrent of spam emails immediately after ISP (Charter-Spectrum) switched to an upgraded Email system. Five of my ISP email addresses getting the same spam every day. Some ...
0
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1answer
963 views

Hiding the “Allow” http header that comes with the response after an 405 API call

Hi so our security team said that we need to hide the Allow header Is the request possible?
1
vote
1answer
556 views

SOAP Web Service: Basic Auth. vs Password in xml

I am testing a SOAP web service and the service sends username and password in every request as part of the XML body over SSL. I wanted to object to that and offer Basic Auth. but could not find any ...
1
vote
2answers
930 views

How do web browsers detect XSS attempts when the X-XSS-Protection header is enabled?

Simple question but hard to understand how web browsers make the distinction between legitimate and malicious code when mode=block is enabled? Of course, I would like to know how each rendering ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Should HTTP Security headers be configured for all servers?

I recognise the importance of configuring HTTP security headers (X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Content-Type-Options) for web servers (and other internet facing servers such as loadbalancers)....
1
vote
1answer
534 views

Is there an any risk with HTTP header value reflection?

This website has a header in the request (If-None-Match) and whatever you set the value to for it, the response will contain a header (ETag) with the value of the If-None-Match header. I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
399 views

Content Security Policy Header not stopping attack

I created a simple test web application to test the use of the content security policy header. I included a vulnerability in my test app, such that submitting a basic XSS payload with script tags ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Getting confusion that this responce indicate CORS vulnerability

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 12 Connection: close Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:59:56 GMT x-amzn-RequestId: xxxxxxxxxxx Access-Control-Allow-Origin: * Access-Control-...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Web-Application with CORS Origin: * using authorization header

As stated here, https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/CORS at "Credentialed requests and wildcards". Quote: When responding to a credentialed request, the server must specify an ...
4
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1answer
752 views

Is cache-control: no-cache enough for sensitive information like bank accounts, etc.?

I have read somewhere that when storing sensitive information on a website you should include cache-control: no-store for telling the browser not to store that information on the local system. But I ...
1
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1answer
298 views

Suspiscious HTTP request to nginx server in server log, what is it?

I have an nginx server running an instance of and express/nodejs server. I was going through the logs to see what was being requested, and I noticed a few normal attempts for common flaws in things ...
17
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2answers
5k views

How did this email list a fake recipient? [duplicate]

My friend recently received a suspicious email for an iTunes gift card purchase from "Apple Store" with a header that displayed a fake "To:" address for orders@apple-store.com. Unsurprisingly, this ...