Questions tagged [header]

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2
votes
1answer
74 views

Is there any way to keep the request in intercepting proxy for atleast a min before application says check your connection?

I just bypassed SSL pinning on an android application but the problem is application won't let me play with the request on my intercepting proxy. It says something like problem with your network or ...
0
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1answer
62 views

Carrying two authorization tokens in a request

In my group we have been asked to implement an authentication-authorization flow in a new web portal that lives in a complex infrastructure. For historical reason the initial authentication of each ...
0
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0answers
57 views

Implementation of Simple CSRF in Spring Boot and Angular 6 With Complete Solution

I am Implementing CSRF i.e Cross-Site Request Forgery in my project but not getting proper way to implement in my project and i am using Angular for FrontEnd and Java for BackEnd in Spring Boot and I ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Is there a security benefit to testing HTTP header presence with Javascript?

I have found in one of the client side libraries that it is performing an AJAX call to an API and checking if response contains all of the following headers with corresponding values (as a security ...
2
votes
1answer
53 views

Why we should not allow our pages to be loaded through Iframe by unknown hosts?

One of OWASP recomendations is to set the header X-Frame-Options to allow our pages to be loaded in Iframes only by sameorigin. One reason is because of phishing attacks, ok I understand. But if I ...
0
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1answer
40 views

Referer value reflected in location response? [duplicate]

I found a login form on a website that redirects you regardless if the insert credentials are correct or wrong (302 redirect). I noticed that the value of the header Referer: is sent to header ...
1
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1answer
39 views

Is a CSRF required if no direct state change operations are performed?

I'm currently developing a webservice that sits in between other webservices. In the process of securing this webservice I've gotten a bit stuck on whether or not we neeed to require a CSRF token on ...
1
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0answers
43 views

'Hard-to-guess' custom header (or similar) to whitelist via a firewall

My organisation is adding a firewall to our test stacks, using AWS WAF. We'd like to whitelist all traffic from the SDKs we've built to facilitate requests between our services. We thought of doing ...
1
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3answers
137 views

How to tell if an email source is spoofed?

I've received an email to my gmail account from FCMB, a bank in Nigeria (flashing warning lights already). It's not addressed to me (i.e., the email starts off "Dear Daniel," [not my name]). But the ...
1
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1answer
70 views

Is using default-src * safe?

I have a website to do security testing. The CSP is as follows. default-src * ; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' data: https://netdna.bootstrapcdn.com/ http://s3.amazonaws.com/ https://s3.amazonaws....
0
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0answers
61 views

Is it secure to prevent CSRF in API without using CSRF cookie (only CSRF token sent in header of ajax requests)?

There is a standard method of preventing a CSRF attack by comparing a value in a special cookie (that is posted automatically with each request) and some value that is coming either in form post (from ...
0
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1answer
58 views

What should be header response of XSS vulnerability upon form submission?

We have a PHP web application and all of the user inputs are sanitized. We tested it within Burp tool and found no XSS vulnerabilities. One of our security adviser tells us that when you type down ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

CSP: What is script-src-attr and script-src-elem?

script-src-attr and script-src-elem directives are new additions in CSP3. I am not able to understand how are they different from the script-src directive. https://w3c.github.io/webappsec-csp/#...
1
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2answers
222 views

How to extract intresting data from malicious e-mail header

Premise: I know pretty well how SMTP works, and how to read an e-mail header. I know what all the main fieds mean, but I couldn't know what to look for if I want to know if the mail is kind of ...
0
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0answers
233 views

Information disclosure with AWS response headers

I'm currently testing a web application hosted on AWS. In the response headers, I've noticed various Amazon-related headers, I've never really seen before. The headers include: x-amzn-RequestId: <...
1
vote
2answers
691 views

Flow of a host header injection attack?

I am new to this field and would like to know how the flow happens in a host header injection attacks. I believe it's as below: Client generates the request. Attacker manipulates the request and ...
1
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2answers
187 views

How can I use Message-ID in header to screen (filter) Emails?

Recently started receiving torrent of spam emails immediately after ISP (Charter-Spectrum) switched to an upgraded Email system. Five of my ISP email addresses getting the same spam every day. Some ...
0
votes
1answer
505 views

Hiding the “Allow” http header that comes with the response after an 405 API call

Hi so our security team said that we need to hide the Allow header Is the request possible?
1
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1answer
356 views

SOAP Web Service: Basic Auth. vs Password in xml

I am testing a SOAP web service and the service sends username and password in every request as part of the XML body over SSL. I wanted to object to that and offer Basic Auth. but could not find any ...
1
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2answers
747 views

How do web browsers detect XSS attempts when the X-XSS-Protection header is enabled?

Simple question but hard to understand how web browsers make the distinction between legitimate and malicious code when mode=block is enabled? Of course, I would like to know how each rendering ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

Should HTTP Security headers be configured for all servers?

I recognise the importance of configuring HTTP security headers (X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Content-Type-Options) for web servers (and other internet facing servers such as loadbalancers)....
1
vote
1answer
310 views

Is there an any risk with HTTP header value reflection?

This website has a header in the request (If-None-Match) and whatever you set the value to for it, the response will contain a header (ETag) with the value of the If-None-Match header. I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
292 views

Content Security Policy Header not stopping attack

I created a simple test web application to test the use of the content security policy header. I included a vulnerability in my test app, such that submitting a basic XSS payload with script tags ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Getting confusion that this responce indicate CORS vulnerability

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 12 Connection: close Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:59:56 GMT x-amzn-RequestId: xxxxxxxxxxx Access-Control-Allow-Origin: * Access-Control-...
2
votes
1answer
823 views

Web-Application with CORS Origin: * using authorization header

As stated here, https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/CORS at "Credentialed requests and wildcards". Quote: When responding to a credentialed request, the server must specify an ...
3
votes
1answer
577 views

Is cache-control: no-cache enough for sensitive information like bank accounts, etc.?

I have read somewhere that when storing sensitive information on a website you should include cache-control: no-store for telling the browser not to store that information on the local system. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
277 views

Suspiscious HTTP request to nginx server in server log, what is it?

I have an nginx server running an instance of and express/nodejs server. I was going through the logs to see what was being requested, and I noticed a few normal attempts for common flaws in things ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

How did this email list a fake recipient? [duplicate]

My friend recently received a suspicious email for an iTunes gift card purchase from "Apple Store" with a header that displayed a fake "To:" address for orders@apple-store.com. Unsurprisingly, this ...
2
votes
1answer
270 views

When implementing CORS, should I check for a correct HOST header in my webapp?

I have a backend web server that serves an API (over HTTPS) to a frontend browser client on a different subdomain. It uses CORS to allow this. The CORS spec directs you to not send the CORS headers ...
1
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1answer
1k views

X-Frame-Options header on redirect

I have several web applications running on my server (Debian 8 running Apache). One of my customers wants to improve the security of his app, after having some security audits carried out by a third-...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

Damage of a leaked ETag

I've read multiple times that leaked ETags from Webservers are considered an information leakage vulnerability. For example in the server response headers: ETag: X/"1234-56789" But I have not found ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How to bypass response Location in order to obtain content XSS?

In some basic steps: POST Request containing a photo with multipart/form-data. HTTP/1.1 302 Found respond with redirect back to formular Redirect to initial formular. In case 1 we are able to ...
0
votes
1answer
460 views

CSP header default-src: data:

I am testing CSP header implementation. The implemented header value is: Content-Security-Policy: default-src 'self' data:; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Application/Octed-Stream header for XML file

My application when downloading XML file returns headers: Content-Type: Application/Octed-Stream Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=file.xml Is this behavior correct form security point of ...
3
votes
1answer
1k views

Is host header injection possible without cache or password reset?

I am a beginner in security and reading about host header injection. I tested an application for this vulnerability and it is possible there for some request, but the developer implemented no-cache, ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

Is it worth verifying the request hostname in API-to-API communications?

When authenticating from a browser application to an API layer, you can verify the request origin for CORS requests. I'm aware that this is primarily to prevent CSRF attacks. It doesn't prevent an ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Check for insecure CORS settings with cURL

I'm trying to verify the CORS settings of a website using cURL. The following command should let me check whether the CORS settings can be considered as secure or if requests may be made across ...
0
votes
1answer
265 views

What is an exploitation schema in this XSS attack? [duplicate]

Basically, I've found an XSS injection by changing the payload with the X-Forwarded-Host header, since its value is reflected in the document and is not sanitized. An example, this is the document ...
1
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0answers
1k views

Is CSRF token managed through HTTP headers safe?

I'm building a CSRF protection on my application, and I am wondering on the best (or let's say least unsecure) way to transmit my CSRF token. The application enforces HTTPS, with TLS1.2. When I ...
3
votes
1answer
820 views

X-Content-Type-Options without content-type

X-Content-Type-Options helps to protect against attacks that take advantage of the browser trying to interpret HTTP responses with an incorrectly stated Content-Type. But what happens when the HTTP ...
1
vote
2answers
421 views

User name and password is passed in custom headers

Is it safe to pass username and password in two separate custom header tags in Web services/Web application Post request over https. How is it different from using from Authorization header. Which ...
0
votes
1answer
169 views

HTTP Security header implementation

Does any one know if: X-Frame-Options X-XSS-Protection X-Content-Type-Options Content-Security-Policy are for HTTP and: Strict-Transport-Security Public-Key-Pins are for HTTPS? What I mean is ...
7
votes
3answers
9k views

Does the X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies header have any benefit for my website if I'm not using Adobe products?

OWASP says the X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies security header gives web clients "permission to handle data across domains". It specifically states that Adobe's Flash Player and Acrobat PDF Reader ...
0
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1answer
2k views

PCI Consideration for HTTP Headers? [closed]

Recently, some of our servers were being flagged for not implementing proper HTTP headers in a Qualys scan. One of the sites that I visit regularly - http://pentestit.com has some good HTTP headers ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

What does the POST data of HackBar (Firefox add-on) do?

What does the POST DATA Feature of Hackbar (Addon of Firefox )do ? If I am checking for XML XXE vulnerability i use it .But what does it do by POSTing some data ? If I want to repeat the same thing ...
1
vote
1answer
813 views

Host header attacks: Possible exploits

We have an API server hosted with amazon elb. The server has only one virtual host and hence it doesn't enforce Host header. But if we manually add a Host header along with the request with a valid ...
3
votes
1answer
983 views

X-Frame-Options Absent but cant load the page in iframe

I am trying to find the reason that a certain webpage is not getting iframed even when X-Frame-Options header is absent. Observation: When I write an HTML with iframe tag pointing to the URL and save ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How does this header handling work with CloudFlare? [closed]

Assuming I have my website which uses CloudFlare, can I set the X-Forwarded-For with another IP so it gets forwarded to my server? I'm trying to do it with a tool and the website prints the IP I've ...
2
votes
0answers
683 views

HTTP header: Range: bytes=XXX and possible XSS?

I'm currently experimenting with the "Range: bytes=XXX" HTTP header. Regardless the possibility of using it for the so called "Apache Killer" DoS attack (unpatched Apache version, etc), is it possible ...
1
vote
2answers
125 views

How to prevent emails where sender has been spoofed? [closed]

I have been at the receiving end of some classic spoofed emails where the sender sends an email looking like it has come from a senior executive of the company. Of course, these are always asking for ...