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Questions tagged [header]

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-1
votes
1answer
56 views

For what this special header is used? [on hold]

While pentesting I found this special header, header's value contains all the parameter's name which are being sent in the post body request. for example if in post post name, email and password are ...
1
vote
2answers
158 views

How to extract intresting data from malicious e-mail header

Premise: I know pretty well how SMTP works, and how to read an e-mail header. I know what all the main fieds mean, but I couldn't know what to look for if I want to know if the mail is kind of ...
0
votes
0answers
56 views

Information disclosure with AWS response headers

I'm currently testing a web application hosted on AWS. In the response headers, I've noticed various Amazon-related headers, I've never really seen before. The headers include: x-amzn-RequestId: <...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Flow of a host header injection attack?

I am new to this field and would like to know how the flow happens in a host header injection attacks. I believe it's as below: Client generates the request. Attacker manipulates the request and ...
1
vote
2answers
76 views

How can I use Message-ID in header to screen (filter) Emails?

Recently started receiving torrent of spam emails immediately after ISP (Charter-Spectrum) switched to an upgraded Email system. Five of my ISP email addresses getting the same spam every day. Some ...
0
votes
1answer
93 views

Hiding the “Allow” http header that comes with the response after an 405 API call

Hi so our security team said that we need to hide the Allow header Is the request possible?
1
vote
1answer
54 views

SOAP Web Service: Basic Auth. vs Password in xml

I am testing a SOAP web service and the service sends username and password in every request as part of the XML body over SSL. I wanted to object to that and offer Basic Auth. but could not find any ...
1
vote
2answers
210 views

How do web browsers detect XSS attempts when the X-XSS-Protection header is enabled?

Simple question but hard to understand how web browsers make the distinction between legitimate and malicious code when mode=block is enabled? Of course, I would like to know how each rendering ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

Should HTTP Security headers be configured for all servers?

I recognise the importance of configuring HTTP security headers (X-Frame-Options, X-XSS-Protection and X-Content-Type-Options) for web servers (and other internet facing servers such as loadbalancers)....
1
vote
1answer
93 views

Is there an any risk with HTTP header value reflection?

This website has a header in the request (If-None-Match) and whatever you set the value to for it, the response will contain a header (ETag) with the value of the If-None-Match header. I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

Content Security Policy Header not stopping attack

I created a simple test web application to test the use of the content security policy header. I included a vulnerability in my test app, such that submitting a basic XSS payload with script tags ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Getting confusion that this responce indicate CORS vulnerability

HTTP/1.1 200 OK Content-Type: application/json Content-Length: 12 Connection: close Date: Tue, 25 Sep 2018 12:59:56 GMT x-amzn-RequestId: xxxxxxxxxxx Access-Control-Allow-Origin: * Access-Control-...
1
vote
1answer
363 views

Web-Application with CORS Origin: * using authorization header

As stated here, https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/HTTP/CORS at "Credentialed requests and wildcards". Quote: When responding to a credentialed request, the server must specify an ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Is cache-control: no-cache enough for sensitive information like bank accounts, etc.?

I have read somewhere that when storing sensitive information on a website you should include cache-control: no-store for telling the browser not to store that information on the local system. But I ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Suspiscious HTTP request to nginx server in server log, what is it?

I have an nginx server running an instance of and express/nodejs server. I was going through the logs to see what was being requested, and I noticed a few normal attempts for common flaws in things ...
15
votes
2answers
4k views

How did this email list a fake recipient? [duplicate]

My friend recently received a suspicious email for an iTunes gift card purchase from "Apple Store" with a header that displayed a fake "To:" address for orders@apple-store.com. Unsurprisingly, this ...
2
votes
1answer
125 views

When implementing CORS, should I check for a correct HOST header in my webapp?

I have a backend web server that serves an API (over HTTPS) to a frontend browser client on a different subdomain. It uses CORS to allow this. The CORS spec directs you to not send the CORS headers ...
1
vote
1answer
668 views

X-Frame-Options header on redirect

I have several web applications running on my server (Debian 8 running Apache). One of my customers wants to improve the security of his app, after having some security audits carried out by a third-...
1
vote
1answer
896 views

Damage of a leaked ETag

I've read multiple times that leaked ETags from Webservers are considered an information leakage vulnerability. For example in the server response headers: ETag: X/"1234-56789" But I have not found ...
1
vote
1answer
854 views

How to bypass response Location in order to obtain content XSS?

In some basic steps: POST Request containing a photo with multipart/form-data. HTTP/1.1 302 Found respond with redirect back to formular Redirect to initial formular. In case 1 we are able to ...
0
votes
1answer
323 views

CSP header default-src: data:

I am testing CSP header implementation. The implemented header value is: Content-Security-Policy: default-src 'self' data:; style-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline'; script-src 'self' 'unsafe-inline' 'unsafe-...
1
vote
1answer
687 views

Application/Octed-Stream header for XML file

My application when downloading XML file returns headers: Content-Type: Application/Octed-Stream Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=file.xml Is this behavior correct form security point of ...
3
votes
1answer
753 views

Is host header injection possible without cache or password reset?

I am a beginner in security and reading about host header injection. I tested an application for this vulnerability and it is possible there for some request, but the developer implemented no-cache, ...
5
votes
1answer
145 views

Is it worth verifying the request hostname in API-to-API communications?

When authenticating from a browser application to an API layer, you can verify the request origin for CORS requests. I'm aware that this is primarily to prevent CSRF attacks. It doesn't prevent an ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

Check for insecure CORS settings with cURL

I'm trying to verify the CORS settings of a website using cURL. The following command should let me check whether the CORS settings can be considered as secure or if requests may be made across ...
0
votes
1answer
192 views

What is an exploitation schema in this XSS attack? [duplicate]

Basically, I've found an XSS injection by changing the payload with the X-Forwarded-Host header, since its value is reflected in the document and is not sanitized. An example, this is the document ...
1
vote
0answers
916 views

Is CSRF token managed through HTTP headers safe?

I'm building a CSRF protection on my application, and I am wondering on the best (or let's say least unsecure) way to transmit my CSRF token. The application enforces HTTPS, with TLS1.2. When I ...
4
votes
1answer
580 views

X-Content-Type-Options without content-type

X-Content-Type-Options helps to protect against attacks that take advantage of the browser trying to interpret HTTP responses with an incorrectly stated Content-Type. But what happens when the HTTP ...
1
vote
2answers
213 views

User name and password is passed in custom headers

Is it safe to pass username and password in two separate custom header tags in Web services/Web application Post request over https. How is it different from using from Authorization header. Which ...
0
votes
1answer
151 views

HTTP Security header implementation

Does any one know if: X-Frame-Options X-XSS-Protection X-Content-Type-Options Content-Security-Policy are for HTTP and: Strict-Transport-Security Public-Key-Pins are for HTTPS? What I mean is ...
4
votes
2answers
6k views

Does the X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies header have any benefit for my website if I'm not using Adobe products?

OWASP says the X-Permitted-Cross-Domain-Policies security header gives web clients "permission to handle data across domains". It specifically states that Adobe's Flash Player and Acrobat PDF Reader ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

PCI Consideration for HTTP Headers? [closed]

Recently, some of our servers were being flagged for not implementing proper HTTP headers in a Qualys scan. One of the sites that I visit regularly - http://pentestit.com has some good HTTP headers ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

What does the POST data of HackBar (Firefox add-on) do?

What does the POST DATA Feature of Hackbar (Addon of Firefox )do ? If I am checking for XML XXE vulnerability i use it .But what does it do by POSTing some data ? If I want to repeat the same thing ...
1
vote
1answer
651 views

Host header attacks: Possible exploits

We have an API server hosted with amazon elb. The server has only one virtual host and hence it doesn't enforce Host header. But if we manually add a Host header along with the request with a valid ...
3
votes
1answer
843 views

X-Frame-Options Absent but cant load the page in iframe

I am trying to find the reason that a certain webpage is not getting iframed even when X-Frame-Options header is absent. Observation: When I write an HTML with iframe tag pointing to the URL and save ...
1
vote
1answer
885 views

How does this header handling work with CloudFlare? [closed]

Assuming I have my website which uses CloudFlare, can I set the X-Forwarded-For with another IP so it gets forwarded to my server? I'm trying to do it with a tool and the website prints the IP I've ...
2
votes
0answers
580 views

HTTP header: Range: bytes=XXX and possible XSS?

I'm currently experimenting with the "Range: bytes=XXX" HTTP header. Regardless the possibility of using it for the so called "Apache Killer" DoS attack (unpatched Apache version, etc), is it possible ...
1
vote
2answers
115 views

How to prevent emails where sender has been spoofed? [closed]

I have been at the receiving end of some classic spoofed emails where the sender sends an email looking like it has come from a senior executive of the company. Of course, these are always asking for ...
1
vote
1answer
377 views

Proxy not rejecting illegal host header when coming from my VM provider's network

I have a django app hosted on a linode VM, proxied by nginx on that same VM. In my nginx config I have a block to deny bad host header requests: ## Deny illegal Host headers if ($host !~* ^(mydomain....
1
vote
1answer
96 views

What should content-type be of encoded page?

A security review replied that we have an incorrect content-type. There was no content-type stated so it defaulted to text/html. However the page was just encoded - Fiddler gives the option to ...
2
votes
1answer
873 views

Bypassing x-frame options possibility discussion

This has something to do with a different post I made: Other post While researching this a bit further I found the following blogpost: blog elev As I understand it this guy reads all content of a ...
0
votes
1answer
147 views

Host Injection Vulnerability Successful HTTP codes? [closed]

I am trying to exploit Host Injection Vulnerability of a website. If I change the host or add another host, what all are the HTTP response codes that will tell me about a successful HTML Host ...
1
vote
1answer
168 views

Does using PHP headers during login make the form vulnerable to attacks?

I didn't think so, but upon reading online it seems this type of code is vulnerable as I'm not ending with exit(); and could therefore be exploited by redirecting or changing the contents of the ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

Content-type validation in REST APIs

I'm trying to wrap my head around, why it is advised to validate the content-type, sent by a client to a REST API. OWASP states in their REST Security Cheat Sheet: When POSTing or PUTting new data,...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

What HTTP headers do you generally suggest to use? [closed]

I feel like there's a lot of variation in the suggested HTTP headers. Commonly I see suggestions for: HTTP Strict Transport Security Content Security Policy X-Frame-Options (Same Origin) X-Xss-...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

Vary: origin response header and CORS exploitation

Recently PortSwigger (guys behind Burp Suite) came up with a blog post discussing the security risks associated with CORS mis-configurations. http://blog.portswigger.net/2016/10/exploiting-cors-...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

For which content types is it recommended to set X-XSS-Protection header?

One may probably suggest setting this header for all responses from a web server (I am thinking of value="1; mode=block"). However, does it make sense to set it when serving, say, images? CSS files? ...
9
votes
1answer
6k views

Security Headers for a web API

I just got a setup, a golang web api behind a caddy server that has HTTPS by default via Let's Encrypt, the server proxies all requests to the web api. So I went around to test my webserver "security" ...
149
votes
4answers
22k views

Which security measures make sense for a static web site?

I have a static web site. Users cannot log in or perform any other actions. Which of the common HTTP security measures make sense for my site? Do I need any of these? HTTPS Strict transport security ...
3
votes
2answers
4k views

How can I have received this email?

I usually delete SPAM, but this email caught my attention: As you can see, in "To:" field there is spammer account, but I thought: it's not important, in message header there must be some hidden "for"...