Definition: HTTP - the Hypertext Transfer Protocol - provides a standard for Web browsers and servers to communicate. The definition of HTTP is a technical specification of a network protocol that software must implement. HTTP is an application layer network protocol built on top of TCP. HTTP ...

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15
votes
1answer
376 views

What is a “Trailing Host Header”, and how can I test for it?

My team's been doing some research into WAF protections based upon a WAF testing tool released at Black Hat this year. In the tool, there's a list of hostname evasion tests - that are really just an ...
7
votes
4answers
3k views

HTTP Basic auth password storage more secure than Digest auth

If you are using SSL already, it appears Basic auth is the way to go since you can perform bcrypt with the password when you store it in the database, where as Digest auth only allows md5. As we know, ...
1
vote
2answers
556 views

Signed request vs HTTP digest auth for API authentication?

By signed request I mean something like this (simplified example): Client creates a sig in his request: $sig = hash('sha256', $api_key.$data); which generates 7409ur0k0asidjko2j for example. He then ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

Why strip accept-encoding?

It seems that there are multiple "security" products which strip or mangle 'Accept-encoding' headers, thus forcing non-compressed responses from HTTP servers. I've been trying to imagine if there's ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

Why ban XSS instead of flagging it?

Consider a browser that allows an XMLHttpRequest downloaded from foo.net to make requests to bar.net, but attaches a XHR-Origin: http://foo.net (or possibly a more descriptive value like ...
4
votes
2answers
987 views

How to properly validate HTTP redirects?

I'm reading OWASP's Secure Coding Practices Checklist and under their "Input Validation" section they have an item that reads: Validate data from redirects (An attacker may submit malicious ...
6
votes
2answers
176 views

HTTP daemon and Webroot permissions

We have a contracted web developer that uses deployment scripts to update and deploy web sites. In order for them to work they require write access to the whole webroot through the httpd user. I have ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

Looking for a taxonomy of web attacks

I am working on semantic representation of firewall rules but could not find a good taxonomy of Web attacks in terms of HTTP protocol. I do find web attack classification i.e XSS attack, SQL attack.
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Shall I need to use MD5 algorithm in both JavaScript and PHP for login authentication?

I have a login form with username and password. I post this form data to a PHP file. For security reasons I want to encrypt my password in the database and network. Now I have done now following ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

What are security risks of serving user uploaded files without Content-Disposition?

Imagine a server that serves untrusted user-provided files and allows other users to download them. Under some circumstances server can be tricked to return responses to download file requests without ...
7
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it possible to do HTTP header injection if CR/LF are stripped?

In HTTP response there is the following header with attacker controlled content: Content-Disposition:attachment; filename="attacker_controlled.html" The only characters that can't appear in ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

How can I identify that my page is requested by robot, but not user's browser?

How can I detect that my page is requested by robot, but not user's browser? I'm aware of basics tricks: Watch for incorrect headers or urls. For example, urls with hash or header with full url - ...
0
votes
2answers
573 views

How to encode letters in multipart/form-data to include CR/LF characters?

Part of HTTP request that should be sent to server with Content-Type: multipart/form-data; looks like: ------WebKitFormBoundaryQ7KGYev31biaJTW8 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="subject" ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

Identify an HTTP scanner from some HTTP headers

My personal Apache server occasionally gets some pretty obvious scans for vulnerabilities. The client that does the scanning does GET HTTP/1.1 methods on a variety of URLs, and uses a variety of ...
14
votes
6answers
4k views

How does a server obtain the IP Address of a user?

How does a server obtain the IP Address of a user? Is it possible to fool the server by spoofing the IP Address?
3
votes
2answers
423 views

Risks of serving untrusted content under HTTP Content-Type: text/plain?

Am I gonna run into XSS attacks by doing this, or will a file download be prompted? Are there security problems that would rise in a modern browser?
4
votes
4answers
366 views

Malware that uses http as a covert channel

I'm working on a http traffic analyzer and I need a collection of malware, which uses http as a way to get commands and respond, to analyze their network behaviour. Is there any database of malware, ...
3
votes
3answers
880 views

Is a company website secure against sslstrip if it doesn't use ssl on homepage but ssl everywhere else?

Most ecommerce websites use SSL/TLS when you want to log. But most have homepage using http only. Is it enough to have SSL/TLS on login page and logged page to prevent sslstrip ?
2
votes
4answers
493 views

Should links to images contained in emails be secure?

We are generating emails which contain links to images: our client's branding, images showing other products offered by the client etc... What are the security pitfalls if these links in the emails ...
1
vote
1answer
4k views

How to use http-get-form in THC-Hydra?

I've been messing with Hydra (Brute Force) to solve the "Damn Vulnerable Web App" brute force section but the problem is when I use http-get-form it said: Warning: child 1 seems to have died, ...
1
vote
2answers
335 views

Does vulnerability exist when using XHR with GET method and custom anti-CSRF HTTP header?

Imagine button after clicking which browser sends XHR http request with GET method. Characteristics: after executing request sensitive action is performed sensitive information is sent in GET ...
1
vote
3answers
1k views

Is scanning a site directory considered illegal penetration testing?

Does anyone know if using Dirbuster [link] to scan for unlisted directories and their contents is (possibly) legal in say the US?
4
votes
3answers
448 views

Is there a security risk in existence of those HTTP headers in responses?

The following HTTP headers can be seen in responses on some sites: Age: 12 Content-MD5: Q2hlY2sgSW50ZWdyaXR5IQ== Via: 1.1 tacoma:3128 (squid/2.7.STABLE9) X-Cache: MISS from tacoma X-Cache-Lookup: ...
2
votes
3answers
553 views

Session fixation attack

Given the following conditions, Session ID does not change upon login Session ID travels in form of HTTP cookie There is no cross site scripting/redirection vulnerability on the login page is it ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

Can I trust the source IP of an HTTP request?

As far as I've understood, if you try to issue a HTTP request with a spoofed IP address, then the TCP handshake fails, so it's not possible to complete the HTTP request, because the SYN/ACK from the ...
11
votes
6answers
1k views

weird visitors to my website

For the last three months I have thousands of real visitors to a single page on my website. Those visits are recorded in Google Analytics and count as page views in adsense reports, but they are fake: ...
1
vote
1answer
432 views

How to determine whether the redirect link is secure or not?

I am checking about the security of redirect link, For the below link , how to determine whether it is secure? For the first link, the users are not allowed to change the url in the browser, but they ...
17
votes
1answer
6k views

My understanding of how HTTPS works (gmail for example)

I want to ask if my below understanding is correct or not regarding the HTTPS used for the webpage we are visiting. I will use Gmail as an example: My laptop tries to connect to the Gmail server ...
0
votes
1answer
156 views

Securing communication

The problem: I have an open-source client (a Firefox add-on written in JavaScript) and a server containing somewhat sensible user information: username and user history (all from YouTube). The client ...
3
votes
2answers
698 views

Is DIGEST-MD5 secure if done over HTTPS?

If the DIGEST-MD5 negotiation is done over an HTTPS connection instead of HTTP, does that prevent this list of disadvantages from Wikipedia?: Digest access authentication is intended as a security ...
0
votes
3answers
612 views

Reply to SSL Handshake Request with a 302 Response

Is it possible to respond to an SSL Handshake request by sending back a http 302 redirect without making the browser mad? I would like to immediately redirect to a different site upon receiving the ...
2
votes
2answers
613 views

What if a browser does not understand the secure flag of cookie

I have two questions related to the same: 1 - As 'Httponly' attribute is understood by a set of modern browsers (https://www.owasp.org/index.php/HttpOnly#Browsers_Supporting_HttpOnly), I was ...
2
votes
2answers
635 views

Reveal the True IP of a User

Is there any best practice method (and preferably documented) way of revealing the True IP of a user using a HTTP(S) connection? I.e.: To be able to uncover the true IP from transparent as well as ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the point of the same-domain rule for xmlhttprequest when script tags/JSONP can cross domains?

I get that I don't want a page loaded from stackoverflow.com to be able to request gmail.com on my behalf and read my email--but this seems to be simply a cookie issue. Since JSONP bypasses ...
19
votes
6answers
4k views

How can I prevent tracking by ETAGs?

An ETAG is a HTTP header that is sent-behind-the-scenes between a web browser and an web server. This value is intended to control how long a particular file is cached on the client side. There is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

cookie path protection within same domain

The answer to this question about how cookies are potentially vulnerable between sub-domains sparked my curiosity. As far as I know, if a cookie is set on a sub-path of the same domain ...
2
votes
5answers
1k views

What are practical risks of http (not https) in server-to-server communications

What are some of the practical risks that come with a server-to-server connection over http (not secured with https/SSL)? There are no users involved, just a server-to-server connection from one ...
3
votes
1answer
262 views

Could somebody explain connect loop DoS?

I'm trying to understand this vulnerability. How can I reproduce this?
1
vote
2answers
428 views

http blocked over very low ports in Opera web browser

Opera blocks the user from making http requests over very low ports (below 1024). Why does Opera not allow the user to override this setting? What is wrong with running a web server on, say, port ...
7
votes
1answer
816 views

Is it possible to have stateless server nonces in HTTP Digest

When implementing a HTTP Digest server, there's the issue of nonces. Server nonces (as opposed to client nonces) must be issued by the server may be re-used by clients as long as the server allows ...
7
votes
2answers
5k views

How to thwart sslstrip attack?

I need help understanding the dynamics of an sslstrip attack. I'm using it to test the security of a site that I own. I can successfully sniff the victim (in this case, myself) credentials over the ...
2
votes
2answers
330 views

HTTP + HTTPS + One Time Pad/stream cipher

I'm designing a web application where users will exchange short messages with the server very frequently (for instance, a few characters every second). I want the whole communication to be ...
7
votes
1answer
885 views

ASP.NET HTTP Response Splitting Attack

By default ASP.NET checks for HTTP Response Splitting attack when you do Response.Redirect: ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to roll my own security mechanism - avoid SSL

i'm looking at implementing my own security mechanism rather than using ssl due to ssl being 'hopelessly broken' http://www.theregister.co.uk/2011/04/11/state_of_ssl_analysis/ and also because it is ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

HTTPS Apache2 Information Leakage

Hello IT Security! I have Apache2 vhost with HTTPS listening on port 443, ie. https:// securesecret.com. I have another vhosts with HTTP listening on port 80, ie. http:// one.com, http:// two.com. ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Secure SSL Session from losing itself into unsecure http

I've seen some implementations of HTTPS SSL and, as a visitor, forced to rely to a lot of those. What would a secure implementation look like and where can one expect problems? I expect the installer ...
7
votes
5answers
6k views

Benefits of identifying clients based upon the “X-Forwarded-For” or similar HTTP header in addition to Client IP

The X-Forwarded-For header is used by some HTTP proxies to identify the IP address of the client. The wiki page (linked above) mentions that ISPs may use this header as well. In addition there are a ...
1
vote
3answers
4k views

Facebook login on HTTP? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is the Facebook login form using SSL without https in the URL? If you access http://www.facebook.com/, in the top right side there is the login section. You can enter ...
2
votes
7answers
559 views

How can http data be compromised on a secure network?

I understand that it is bad to send passwords in plain text over the wire because somebody can look at it and clearly steal your information, and that the solution is to use HTTPS because the ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Websites that interactively test browser security (XSS, CSRF, Javascript, etc)

I'm looking for a comprehensive list of browser test sites so that I can visually prove that the browser is patched and configured for safe web browsing. My intent is to know what risks may exist ...